Athene | Wisdom
In 800BC, Zeus, was described such that he fathered the daughter Athene, aka "wisdom" or the wisdom goddess, who was born out of his skull, after his head was cracked open by Hephaestus. This is a rescript of the Egyptian myth of the wisdom goddess Maat, and her wisdom principle "Maa" being born out of the top of the head off Ra, as shown adjacent.
Amen | Amen-Ra
In 425BC, Herodotus, in his Histories, after sailing around to different locations an interviewing people and priests, that the Greeks had adopted the god Zeus from the Egyptian god Amen:
- “Then, holding the head before him and covering himself in the fleece, he showed himself to Heracles. This story explains why the Egyptians represent Zeus with a ram's head—a practice, which has extended to the Ammonians, who are a joint colony of Egyptians and Ethiopians. So far as I can see, the Ammonians took their name too from the circumstance; for Amun is the Egyptian name for Zeus.”
Alexander | Amen-Zeus
In 300BC, Alexander, in the Ptolemaic period, tried to mold Persian, Egyptian, and Greek religions into three-in-one new religion by blending Zeus with Amen (or Amen-Ra) to make the god "Zeus-Amen", but this did take well, and was a short-lived (short-existed) religious reform, lasting only a few centuries.
In 100AD, Plutarch reported the same story:
- “Most people believe that Amoun is the name given to Zeus in the land of the Egyptians, a name which we, with slight alteration, pronounce Ammon.”
The following are related quotes:
- “One of the most frequently mentioned deities in Herodotus' account of Egypt is ‘Theban Zeus’. Herodotus makes it abundantly clear that Zeus is known as Amun among the Egyptians. He relates a myth that he heard from the Egyptians at Thebes, the cult center of the ram-headed god Amun, where Heracles attempts to persuade Zeus to reveal his true form to him, but Zeus resists and devises a means by which to get around the issue. Zeus skins a ram and cuts off its head.”
- — Lucas Livingston (2002), “Egyptian Gods with Greek names in Herodotus and Votive Statuary”
- Family tree of the Greek gods – Wikipedia.
- Herodotus. (435BC). Histories (translator: David Grene) (pgs. 110-11). Chicago, 1987.
- Plutarch. (c.100AD). Isis and Osiris; in: Plutarch's Moralia, Volume Five (pg. 25) (Introduction: Victor Hanson). Harvard University Press.
- Livingston, Lucas. (2002). “Egyptian Gods with Greek names in Herodotus and Votive Statuary” (WB), Artic.edu, Jun 7.
- Supreme god timeline – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Zeus – Hmolpedia 2020.