In 1861, James Maxwell formulated a set of equations, containing 20 variables, which implicitly required the existence of electromagnetic waves traveling at the speed of light, the concluding gist of which being that light is made of an electromagnetic force.
In 1924, Louis Broglie gave a proof that any kind of particle, whether atom, electron, photon, or even a bullet, human, or planet must have associated with it a "wave", which is not material, but whose strength tells the probability of its presence. This led to what is called "wave particle duality".
The following are quotes:
- “Life is a ‘wave’ which in no two consecutive moments of its existence is composed of the same particles.”
- “The truth is, every thing in this universe has its regular waves and tides. Electricity, sound, the wind, and I believe every part of organic nature will be brought someday within this law. The laws which govern animated beings will be ultimately found to be at bottom the same with those which rule inanimate nature, and as I entertain a profound conviction of the littleness of our kind, and of the curious enormity of creation, I am quite ready to receive with pleasure any basis for a systematic conception of it all. I look for regular tides in the affairs of man, and, of course, in our own affairs. In ever progression, somehow or other, the nations move by the same process which has never been explained but is evident in the oceans and the air. On this theory I should expect at about this time, a turn which would carry us backward.”
- “We, that is, all the work we’ve done, as ‘waves in ether [spacetime]’, shall for ever run”
- “You are a function of what the whole universe is doing in the same way that a wave is a function of what the whole ocean is doing.”
- — Alan Watts (c.1955), Publication
- “The reason why particles like pigs and people do not normally seem to be waves is simply that their wavelengths are normally so short as to be undetectable. Nevertheless, distribution as waves they are, and that attribute provides explanations which are totally beyond the reach of classical physics.”
- (a) Tyndall, John. (1863). “Vitality”, Alps, Summer.
(b) Tyndall, John. (1871). Fragments of Science for Unscientific People (Vitality [with note on Huxley's translation of Descartes], pgs. 410-418). Publisher.
(c) Tyndall, John. (1893). Lectures and Essays by John Tyndall (pgs. 94-96). Watts, 1903.
- (a) Adams, Henry. (1863). “Letter to Charles Gaskell”, Oct.
(b) Adams, Henry. (1982). The Letters of Henry Adams, Volume One: 1858-1868 (editor: Jacob Levenson) (pgs. 395-96). Harvard University Press.
(c) Stevenson, Elizabeth. (1997). Henry Adams: a Biography (pg. 69). Transaction Publishers.
(d) Taylor, Matthew A. (2008). Universes Without Selves: Cosmologies of the Non-Human in American Literature (pg. 108), PhD dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. ProQuest, 2009.
(e) Taylor, Matthew. (2013). Universes Without Us: Posthuman Cosmologies in American Literature (GB) (pg. #). University of Minnesota.
- A Paradoxical Ode – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Atkins, Peter. (1992). Creation Revisited (pg. 55). Freeman.
- Human wave function – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Wave – Wikipedia.