Top 2000 minds (reference lists)

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In genius studies, Top 2000 minds (reference lists) refers to 50+ references and "geniuses lists", as listed below, made in the meta-analysis ongoing ranking of the top 2000 minds rankings.

Overview

Lists | References

See also: Higher minds, 1-200, 201-400, 401-600, 601-800, 801-1,000, 1,001-1,200, 1,201-1,400, 1,401-1,600, 1,601-1,800, 1,801-2,000, Candidates

The following lists were employed, in some sense or another, e.g. consulted or constructed, in the making of the top 2000 minds rankings The percentage (%) column shows the percent of the names on the list that were either already ranked in the top 2000 or were absorbed or subsumed into the top 2000 listing. The check mark Check mark (big).png indicates that all the names of that given list have been incorporated into the top 2000 rankings. To note, when the list was started, in 2011, the Cox 300 and the Buzan 100 were merged to make the first list, and thereby each of those 350+ Cox-Buzan names were "grandfathered in", so to say, by default (without question as to whether or not each name merited inclusion). The reference lists are order by influence and usage dominance: [N1]

List Key Summary % Maker Date
Social Newtons (SN:#) A ranking of the top 60+ historical "social Newtons".[1] Libb Thims 2011
Social Newtons | Existive (SNE:#) A ranking of the top 10+ existive "social Newtons".[2] Libb Thims 2014
Hmolpedia citation ranking

(HCR)

(CR:#) (LH:#) (TC:#) The number of pages an existography in Hmolpedia 2020 is linked to one or more of the other 5,376 articles of Hmolpedia 2020, at its last edit in Aug 2020. Pages with citations of 50 or more were ranked against each other on a citations ranking table, e.g. in Oct 2020, the Empedocles was linked to 288 other articles, and was ranked 25th of all Hmolpedia existographies, this being coded as (CR:288|#25). The current citation ranking table is found on the TC page. Libb Thims 2015
Cardano 12 (Cardano 12:#) A list of twelve outstanding men in the serious studies among the sciences, complied, ranked, and modified in 1550 to 1560, in Cardano's encyclopedic two-volume On the Subtle of Things. Gerolamo Cardano 1560
Thims 15 A list of "15 people", collected by Thims, previously on a Word file made table, based on a paper folder collection of articles, based on published mentions, said to have had an IQ of 200 or above. Jan 2008
Thims 32 (Thims 32:#) 63% Libb Thims 2010
Thims 97 (Thims 97:#) A short-list of ninety-seven “stone-stepping pioneers” who “laid the foundation” to the then newly-forming science of “human thermodynamics”. 75% Libb Thims 2005
Thims 33 (Thims 33:#) The first 33 names added to the HT pioneers[3] page, on the first day of editing. 76% Libb Thims 2008
HT pioneers A chronologically-ordered, un-numbered, grouped by time periods, list of people who have attempted to apply thermodynamics to the humanities; on 2 Jan 2008, the first day (version 6) had 33 names (see: Thims 33); the last edit, on 29 Mar 2010 (version #), 505+ names, at which point, owing to file size, the editor began to freeze up and malfunction.[3] Libb Thims 2008-2012
Human free energy theorists (HFET:#) A chronological listing of 50+ people, historically, who have attempted to theorize about human existence via "free energy", coined in 1882 by Helmholtz, the German translation of Gibbs 1876 term "available energy", which as adopted by Lewis (1923), thereafter replacing the previous, pre-Helmholtz term "affinity".[4] Libb Thims 2012
Engine pioneers (EP:#) A chronological ranking of the top 30+ pioneers of engine theory: heat engine, vacuum engine, combustion engine, steam engine, Carnot engine, etc..[5] 48% Libb Thims 2019
EPD and genius (EPD:M/F#) Geniuses (40+) categorized by early parental death and genius commonality. 82% Libb Thims 2012
Aristotle citation rankings (ACR:#) [6] The top 33 names cited and employed by Aristotle in his collected works; which is the nearest equivalent to the Hmolpedia citation rankings; moreover, the two can be compared, so to see how some geniuses have risen in citation influence, while others have fallen, over the last two-thousand years. 90% Aristotle 322 BCM

(2277 BE)

Cattell 1000 (Cattell 1000:#) The top thousand most eminent individuals of history, based on the degree of overlapping appearance and length of coverage in six biographical dictionaries and encyclopedias, two English, two French, one German, and one American 40+% James Cattell 1894
Cox 300

Check mark (big).png

IQ C.png=# A list of the top 300 geniuses, from the Cattell 1000 list, who had aged to at least their late 20s, and who existed in the years 1450 to 1850, whose IQs were calculated in their youth to early adolescence (age 1 to 26), via that they called an AI IQ, and IQ development from 17 to 26, what they called and or AII IQ, each of these IQs based on the mental ability and accomplishments in those age ranges, all of which; a Catherine Cox ranking technique.[7] 100% Catherine Cox, Lewis Terman, Maud Merrill 1926
Degree by difficulty (DBD:#) 101 degrees obtained by female students of the 1969 and 1970 graduating classes of the University of Illinois, Chicago, ranked on a scale of 1 = easiest to 100 = hardest. Libb Thims 2002
Buzan 100

Check mark (big).png

IQ B.png=# One-hundred geniuses analyzed by Englishmen accelerated learning expert Tony Buzan and grand chess master and literature scholar Raymond Keene, as found in their 1994 Book of Genius, in which they attempt to rank the hundred greatest geniuses of all-time using an eight category, 835-point, scoring methodology, assigning IQs to each genius along the way. 100% Tony Buzan,

Raymond Keene

1994
Ranker Greatest Minds (RGM:#|1,350+) A 150-person list started by Walter Graves, at Ranker.com, entitled "Greatest Minds of All Time", according to which people can add names, and are told to: "vote up the individuals who you think had the most influential ideas throughout history"; the current list (Oct 2020) has 1,350+ names, ranked by 63k people, voting 730k times, with 6.4m views. To note, while the list does have some joke names, e.g. talk show comedian Stephen Colbert (RGM:994), fictional names, e.g. Jesus Christ (RGM:56), or just way outside the target names, e.g. Sonia Sotomyor (RGM:1131), a US Supreme Court Judge, appointed in 2009 by Obama, David Byrne (RGM:1147), a rock singer, etc., about 65+ percent of the list seems reasonable. The list kind of gives a "modern pulse" of who people, colloquial, in current years, believe to be a "great mind". 40+% Walter Graves 2013-present
Murray 4000 (Murray 4000:#|#) A collection of the biggest 4,139 names, based on citation dominance, from a meta-analysis of world literature in arts and sciences, of individuals who existed between 800 BC to 1950, as compiled by American intelligence scholar and political scientist Charles Murray (Ѻ); from this list, Murray ranked the top 20 names in 21 fields, namely: combined sciences (CS), astronomy (A), biology (chnopsology) (B), chemistry (C), earth sciences (ES), physics (P), mathematics (M), medicine (Med), technology (T), Chinese philosophy (CP), Indian philosophy (IP), western philosophy (WP), western music (WM), Chinese painting (CArt), Japanese art (JA), western art (WA), Arabic literature (AL, Chinese literature (CL), Indian literature (IL), Japanese literature (JL), and western literature (WL). Note: the shorthand "(Murray 4000:#|acronym)" indicates a person's top 20 listing in a category of the Murray 4000, e.g. William Harvey (Murray 4000:7|B), indicates that Harvey is 7th ranked in top 20 biology (chnopsology) names.[8] 60+% Charles Murray 2003
Partington 50 (Partington 50:#) The top 50 chemists according to the name index citation ranking of James Partington’s A Short History of Chemistry; a truncation of his larger works: An Advanced Treatise on Physical Chemistry (five volumes) and A History of Chemistry (four volumes).[9] James Partington 1937
Smartest person existive (SPE year:#) Refers to the "smartest person existive" (SPE) rankings (Ѻ)(Ѻ), in a given year, e.g. Robert Pirsig (SPE 2014:24) was ranked 24th in the 2014 smartest person existive (alive) rankings. Libb Thims 2014-present
Robinson 25 25 genius said to be missing from the Cox 300 listing, as described in the book Sudden Genius? The Gradual Path to Creative Breakthroughs.[10] 90% Andrew Robinson 2010
Platt IQs IQ JP.png=# A listing of 12 geniuses (see: Cox-Buzan-Platt-Thims IQ), in reference, in some way, to the supposed "coming age of genius". 100% John Platt 1962
Norlinger 22 IQ N.jpg=# A ranking 22 geniuses, based on the highest IQ estimates that had appeared in the 20th century, e.g Guinness Book, Mensa, Britannica, news papers, his mathematics professor, etc.; with some follow up email board discussion; posted online from 1998 to 2014. 86% Ulf Norlinger 1998
Gottlieb 1000 (Gottlieb 1000:#) A listing of a thousand people, who existed between 998 and 1998, ranked via order of "shaping influence", according to the combined opinion of Agnes Gottlieb, a former reporter turned communications and women’s studies professor (Ѻ), Brent Bowers, a former reporter turned New York Times business editor (Ѻ), Henry Gottlieb, and Barbara Bowers, as described in their book 1,000 Years, 1,000 People: Ranking the Men and Women Who Shaped the Millennium. [11] Agnes Gottlieb, Brent Bowers, Henry Gottlieb, Barbara Bowers 1998
Evolution theorists (ET:#) A chronological listing of 25+ evolution theorists.[12] Libb Thims 2012
Stokes 100 (Stokes 100:#) A listing of one-hundred essential thinkers over the last 2,600-years, according to British-born Thai philosopher Philip Stokes, found in his book Philosophy 100: Essential Thinkers, grouped by thematically or via classification and ordered chronologically. 85% Philip Stokes 2002
Oduenyi 100 (Oduenyi 100:#) A an online listing, compiled by Valentine Oduenyi (Ѻ), a Swiss scholar, educated in atomic and molecular physics, mathematics, and science history, of “100 greatest scientists”, from antiquity to the year 2000, based on a four-part ranking criterion, namely: overall ability, versatility, productivity and developmental influences, which took him 15-years to conclude, based on research conducted in dozens of libraries, in 20 countries. (Ѻ)[13] 75% Valentine Oduenyi 2017
Becker 160 (Becker 160:#) A meta-analysis list of the "greatest" and or most-important “scientists”, of all time, compiled by American lister John Becker in 2018, based on a summation of “over 20 lists”, each genius being ranked in tiers, according to how many times the 20 lists their name appears on, from Einstein (appearing on 19 lists) to 57 names (who appear on two lists).[14] 80% John Becker 2018
Simmons 100 (Simmons 100:#) A a 2000 ranking of the most influential scientists, past and present according to John Simmons, an American science and medical writer, described in his The Scientific 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Scientists, Past and Present.[15] 95% John Simmons 2000
Becker 139 (Becker 139:#) A meta-analysis ranking, by American lister John Becker, made by combining 20 lists of greatest "philosophers".[16] John Becker 2019
Hart 100 (Hart 100:#) A listing of the top 100 most influential persons in history, according to Michael Hart (1932-), an American astrophysicist, described in his The 100: a Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, wherein “greatness” is gauged according to the Voltairean logic that greatness is defined by the ability of people to “master our minds by the force of truth, as opposed to those who enslave them by violence”.[17] 75% Michael Hart 1978
Listal 100 (Listal 100:#) A Listal.com public-ranking of 100 greatest philosophers. 57% Public 2017
Hedkandi genius candidates (HGC:#) A listing of 100+ candidates potentially "missing" from the top 2000 list. Hedkandi2 2009
James 50P (James 50P:#) A chronological listing of fifty “remarkable” physicists, spanning a 250-year period, from Galileo to Yukawa, compiled by Ioan James (1928-), a British mathematician.[18] Ioan James 2004
James 60M (James 60M:#) A profile of sixty mathematicians, all born between 1700 and 1910, from the era when mathematics was freed from its classical origins to develop into its modern form, by Ioan James (1928-), a British mathematician. Ioan James 2002
James 50E (James 50E:#) A chronological listing of fifty “remarkable” engineers, from Riquet to Shannon, compiled by by Ioan James (1928-), a British mathematician.[19] Ioan James 2010
James 38B (James 38B:#) A chronological listing of thirty-eight “remarkable” biologist, over the last 400-years, from John Ray to William Hamilton (1936-2000), compiled by by Ioan James (1928-), a British mathematician.[20] Ioan James 2009
WorldCat 100 (WorldCat 100:#) The top 43 literary authors of all time, ranked by “world library holdings”, according to 2011 WorldCat Identities library rankings, as culled from the top 100 identities (shown adjacent) of the worlds libraries, non-literary (e.g. Harold Bloom) or fictional authors (e.g. Jesus Christ, Mary, etc.) removed.[21] WorldCat 2008
Times 100 Ideas (Times 100 Ideas:#) A listing of Time Magazine’s 100 Ideas that Changed the World: History’s Greatest Breakthroughs, Inventions, and Theories, as compiled by the editors; listing half names and half ideas.[22] Richard Stengel, Richard Lacayo 2011
Choueiri 115 (Choueiri 115:#) A 115-person list of "Estimated IQs of Famous People", compiled by a Lebanese freedom fighter, Christianity activist, and supposed chess player or fan, who ranks his own IQ at 195|#13 (in his own list), and jokingly as IQ of 21000 in his "hall of shame". List is half propaganda IQs / half genuine IQ guesses, giver or take. George H. Choueiri 2003
Perry 80 (Perry 80:#) An eclectic mix of 80 individuals listed by Kevin Perry, and American philosopher, in his Philosophy: an Illuminating Guide to History’s Greatest Thinkers, wherein thinkers are classified in groups of eight, in ten topics: time, knowledge, love, life, god and art; the code (Perry 80:58|2Lo) signifies that Goethe is ranked #58, but in the "love" category #2; the list is basically ordered chronologically.[23] 45% Kevin Perry 2015
Neerden 57 (Neerden 57:#) A 2012 to 2017 “timeline of greatest physicist” (see: greatest physicist ever) list made by French “blogger, geek, scientist, and programmer” Timo van Neerden.[24] 85% Timo van Neerden 2017
Glenn 20

Check mark (big).png

(Glenn 20:#) A listing of the twenty greatest scientific geniuses by Jim Glenn (c.1945-), a writer and editor of scientific, mathematical, and computer science publications, found in his Scientific Genius: the Twenty Greatest Minds.[25] 100% Jim Glenn 1996
Bloom 100 (Bloom 100:#) The hundred greatest geniuses of language and literature according to Harold Bloom, as covered in his Genius: a Mosaic of One Hundred Exemplary Creative Minds.[26] Harold Bloom 2002
Scott 50 (Scott 50:#) A list of 50 key sociologists found in English sociologist John Scott’s multi-contributor treatise Fifty Key Sociologists: the Formative Theorists.[27] 8% John Scott 2007
Hidalgo 20 (Hidalgo 20:#) A ranking of top 20 names most influential people, born before 1950, the number of Wikipedia language editions in which that person has a page, and the number of people known to speak those languages, among other factors.[28] 75% Cesar Hidalgo,

Laszlo Barabasi

2012
Nelson 19 (Nelson 19:#) A collection of 19 early geniuses, in philosophy, art, poetry, science, and invention, from Thomas Nelson' 1848 Memorials of Early Genius and Achievements in the Pursuit of Knowledge. 84% Thomas Nelson 1848
Collins 20 (Collins 20:#) A ranking of the top 20 greatest painters and sculptors, from Neil Collins online Art Encyclopedia.[29] 45% Neil Collins 2009
Singh 100 (Singh 100:#)

IQ IS.jpg=#

A listing of the top "100 members of the greatest clerisy known to man", compiled by Inderjet Singh, aged 16, from a Facebook collection of 250 favorite geniuses he had been collecting over the last two years.[30] 85% Inderjit Singh 2014
SK 100 (SK 100:#)

IQ SK.png=#

An IQ from the Jan 1919 “Top 20 Geniuses List”[31], and a Feb 2019 “Top 100 Geniuses List”[32] made by Reddit user u/SpergingKermit, a 15-year-old English individual, interested in geniuses, who does not believe in chance (Ѻ), but is god agnostic; list posted per request of Thims; plus projections (10+) (Ѻ) (10 Feb). Sperging Kermit 2019
GC 116 A list made online by George H.C. (c.1982-), a 17 to 20-ish aged Lebanese Christianity activist, started a so-called “Association of the Christian Era (ACE) online intelligence society, hosted at ACEViper.net, devoting several pages to the history of intelligence tests, online IQ tests, etc; source of the infamously "Einstein, Hawking, and Gates scored IQ 160 meme". George H.C. 2002
Hugo 14 Fourteen greatest "authors and poetry" geniuses of all time. 30% Victor Hugo 1864
Durant 10 (Durant 10:#) 90% Will Durant 1931

Focused rankings

Types

In parallel and preceding the making of the top 2000 geniuses list, a number of subject-focused genius listings were made, some of which are listed below, showing the number (#) of names ranked on the list and the date the list was started::

Category # Summary Date
Greatest physicist ever[33] (GPE:#) 120+ 2011
Greatest chemist ever[34] (GCE:#) 60+ 2012
Greatest mathematician ever[35] (GME:#) 30+ 2012
Greatest astronomer ever[36] (GAE:#) 20+ 2020
Greatest philosopher ever[37] (GPhE:) 30+ 2012
Greatest artistic geniuses[29] 10+ 2018
Greatest sociologist ever[38] (GSE:) An yet-unranked meta-analysis of four lists, including the Scott 50, of about 65+ sociologists. 2018
Greatest engineer ever[39] (GEE:#) Stub article; a list difficult to make, for some reason. 2012
Greatest economist ever[40] (GEcE:#) 40+ 2018
Greatest literary author ever[41] A yet-unranked collection of greatest authors, including the WorldCat 100. 2012
Greatest middle ages geniuses[42] 35+ 2015
Greatest musical geniuses[43] 25+ 2017
IQ:150+ | Smartest women ever[44] 25+ 2011
Greatest female geniuses 31+ 2019
Greatest African ethnicity geniuses (GAEG:#) 20+ Note: name changed from "greatest black geniuses" to "greatest African ethnicity geniuses" (7 May 66AE), amid the Akhenaten, an Egyptian (27.7 ° N) genius, migrate, and the view that the (GBG:1) for him didn't seem to fit right [?], as compared to other rankings, e.g. American genius, Italian genius, Greek genius, French genius, etc, e.g. there is no "greatest white geniuses" or "greatest yellow geniuses" in the equivalent sense? Part of the difficulty in naming this group, is that the tabulated ranking of this category, is meant to be a focused and ranked look at geniuses of recent "equatorial ethnicity", e.g. Marcus Garvey (1887-1940), an Afro-Jamacian (18.1° N) genius, Ayaan Ali (1969-), a Somali-born (5.15° N) American genius, Frederick Douglass (1818-1895), an African (8.78° S) American genius, etc. 2017
US Presidents by IQ[45] (API:#) 40+ 2017

Country | Ethnicity

In parallel and preceding the making of the top 2000 geniuses list, a number of subject-focused genius listings were made, some of which are listed below, showing the number (#) of names ranked on the list and the date the list was started::

Category # Summary Date
American genius (TR:5)[46] 2018
French genius (TR:4)[47] 2020
German genius (TR:2)[48] 2019
Greek genius
Italian genius

Summary

The top 20 geniuses, from the Cox 300 geniuses, based on their AI IQ ratings, i.e. age 1-16 mental ability.

In 1926, Lewis Terman, Catherine Cox, and Maud Merrill pioneered the method of ranking historical geniuses by their historically-documented accomplishments and known mental abilities by both age period based IQ rankings, e.g. AI IQ (age 1-16) (see: AI IQ Ratings and adjacent image), AII IQ (age 17-26), and by retrospect mean overall IQ of the genius in terms of their bulk accomplishments over their total years of existence.[7]

In 1962, John Platt, in his "The Coming Generation of Genius", gave the IQ rankings, according to his own method, of 12 famous geniuses.

On 24 Oct 2011, Libb Thims began to merge the 300 Cox IQs and the 100 Buzan IQs, mixed in with other names cited with genius IQs, into a then-labeled "Genius IQs" list.[49]

Notes | Discussion

A summary of 139 or below IQs (from here).

In 1916, Lewis Terman, in his The Measurement of Intelligence, defined "genius", "near genius", and the "very superior intelligence", according to IQ, as follows:[50]

Terman genius IQ scale (1916).png

In 1995 to 2010, Libb Thims, building on the previous historical genius range IQ studies, confined genius rankings to those cited at IQ 200 or above (amounting to about 40 geniuses, existive and historical).

On Oct 2011, the “genius IQs” page (the forerunner to the top 1000 geniuses rankings) was started, wherein the inclusion requirement was an IQ citation of 140 or above (or equivalent justification).[51] The following is the CBPT IQ ruler, which shows the general spectrum of the genius mindset range:

CBPT IQ ruler.png

Lastly, of note the previous wiki-based version of the list, prior to its migration to this wiki (above listings), as of Aug 2020, had about 850 geniuses (750+ ranked and 100+ candidates); with about 500 names in backlog.[52]

IQ:120-139 range

Note three: on 16 Oct 2020, the bottom IQ cutoff of 140+, the definition of "genius", per Terman (1916) definition, of the top 1000 genius table, was extended down to the "notable" seeming "very superior intelligences" range of minds, in the IQ:120-139 range, as defined adjacent, so to incorporate newer "green" geniuses, and or potential genius candidates, generally without previous "genius" level classification (or genius IQ calculation), in the slating state (may possibly be ranked into the top 1000 genius position, given further time and digestion these amassing "missing candidates"), began to be attached to the lower end of the top 1000 geniuses table, either in the first-draft IQ:120 or above range group, or in the lower genius range (140+). This was done, so to facilitate the organization of the scattered mass of growing Hmolpedia-connected collection of seeming “sharp minds” (previously precluded from the list, per lack of previous categorizational “genius” citation). The general idea here being that when the list grows to say 3,000+ names (or more), then a more realistic “pressure” will exist, in respect to the ranking of the top 1,000 names.

List | Origins

Libb Thims’ Jan 2008 MS word file, derived from his person folder collections of geniuses, of 15 supposed “geniuses” with IQs of 200 or above, wherein we see a confused mess of real geniuses, e.g. da Vinci or Goethe, mixed in with fake geniuses, e.g. Savant, and geniuses with IQ miscalculations, e.g. Galton, and child prodigies, e.g. Kearney or Grost, with IQ over-estimations.[51] On 24 Mar 2008, this list was posted online, and by 2009 the list had grown to 18-individuals, which was used to make an “IQ: 200+ | Smartest person ever” YouTube video; which was followed up, in 2010, with a 40-person video remake, in four parts, gathering 2M+ views. The list, thereafter, has grown, been cleaned, corrected, and adjusted to become the current work-in-progress the top 2,000 geniuses, shown here.

Note one: from 1995 to 2008, the geniuses listing amounted to 15 names, collected on a Word-file, as shown adjacent. In 2010, the genius listings were confined to those cited at IQ 200 or above, amounting to "40 geniuses" existive and historical.[53] In Mar 2010, an "IQ:225+" page was started, a subset of the former, in attempts to rank, classify, and study the doze or so people, then known, with purported IQs of 225 or above; little sense, however, resulted.[54] In Oct 2011, the “genius IQs” page (the forerunner to the top 1000 geniuses rankings) was started, wherein the inclusion requirement was an IQ citation of 140 or above (or equivalent justification).[51] Note two: the previous wiki-based version of the list, prior to its migration to this wiki (above listings), as of Aug 2020, had about "850 geniuses" (750+ ranked and 100+ candidates); and about 500 names on back-order, not yet ranked or classified.[52]

End matter

Notes

N1. If you know of other focused or meta-analysis "genius" lists, not already listed above, please post about them in on the talk page of this article (e.g. many of the reference lists, shown above, were suggested by Hmolpedia 2020 users in the forum discussion pages, from about 2010 to 2020.

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References

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