Top 2000 minds: 801-1,000
In genius studies, top 2000 geniuses and minds: 801-1,000 refers to 
Minds | 801-1,000 | IQ:140-150
- See also: Higher minds, 1-200, 201-400, 401-600, 601-800, 801-1,000, 1,001-1,200, 1,201-1,400, 1,401-1,600, 1,601-1,800, 1,801-2,000, Full list, Candidates
The following (see: IQ key) are intellects “801-1,000” of the top 2000 geniuses and minds:
|=155||91||(Cattell 1000:146) [RGM:406|1,350+] (Murray 4000:3|WA) Painter;
Noted for: Assumption of the Virgin (1518), Venus of Urbino (1534), Diana and Actaeon (1559), among others; upgraded from IQ:145|#662 to IQ:155|#582.
|73||(Cattell 1000:814) Adventurer, author, and romance philosopher; a semi-ranked polymath (Carr, 2009); first-slating 155|#490 (Feb 2018).||M||Italian|
|37||(RGM:454|1,350+) (Becker 160:30|7L) Chemist and X-ray crystallographer;
Noted 1951 view on the genetic molecule: “Big helix in several chains, phosphates on outside, phosphate-phosphate inter-helical bonds disrupted by water. Phosphate links available to proteins”, which paved he way to the 1953 molecular structure discernment of DNA; and later viruses, coal, and graphite; first-slate:155|#738 (Dec 2020).
|95||(RGM:534|1,350+) (Becker 160:71|4L) (Simmons 100:88) Theoretical physicist; noted for doing some stellar synthesis of the elements work, which influenced Stanley Miller; friends with Leo Szilard, Neumann, and Eugene Wigner; in 1945, Arthur Iberall completed his PhD under Teller and George Gamow; first-slate: 155|#738 (Dec 2020).||M||Hungarian-born American|
|[RGM:643|1,350+] (EPD:F6) Auto-educated intellectual, activist, and publicist;
educated on Homer, Locke, and the Bible; noted for his voluminous writings on his respective views as a Presbyterian (1822) turned Universalism pastor (1831) turned infidel-atheist (1840) turned Roman Catholic (1844); first-slating: 155|#530 (Mar 2018).
|65||Early Islam skeptic and god doubter;
Noted as he first so-labeled “radical atheist” of Islam, noted for Against the Koran and The Futility of Divine Wisdom; friend and mentor to Ibn al-Rawandi, who, in his The Book of Emerald (c.900), described a dialogue between himself and al-Warraq, at the beginning of which al-Warraq is portrayed as the most radical in his god doubt, but by the end of the book, al-Rawandi goes further than al-Warraq in his god doubt radicalness; the pen name “Ibn Warraq”, author of Why I Am Not a Muslim (1995), the Islamic version of Bertrand Russell’s Why I Am Not a Christian (1927), is themed on Abu al-Warraq; first-slating: 155|#739 (Dec 2020).
|82||(GCE:17) (Partington 50:15) (CR:23) Chemist;
Student of Berzelius; noted for his 1828 synthesis of “urea”, an “animal” or organic molecule, from ammonium cyanate, an inorganic substance, which became one of the first nails in the coffin of the vitalism debate, e.g. Berzelius had believed that that organic atoms, in contrast to inorganic atoms, were responsive to a “vital force”; first-slate: #742 (Dec 2020).
(63 BE-9 AE)
|2.15||72||(James 38:30) (CR:19) Biochemist (chnops-chemist), with a "formidable intelligence" (Smith, 1965), noted for his 1929 half living thing theory (see: half-alive theory), for his 1932 hot thin soup theory (see: primordial soup), and for his 1950s kin selection theory; previous Hmolpedia 2020-listed candidate (112-names); first slating: 155|#642 (Nov 2020).||M||English|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:434) [RGM:790|1,350+] Politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade; Samuel Wilberforce, his third son, of note, was the combatant in the famous 1860 “Huxley-Wilberforce debate” on evolution at Oxford.||M||English|
|(Cattell 1000:76) (CR:3) King, in power from 1589 to 1610; characterized has a "powerful intellect" (Buckle, 1856); first-slating: 155|#613 (Aug 2019).||M||French|
|88||died from malnutrition (fed only boiled milk and mashed potatoes), having developed skin sores, swollen joints, and bleeding gums, but after seen sucking on apple peel scraps, his mother noticed him returning to health (Ѻ); as an adult, in 1908, he bought 12 albino rats, and started America’s first nutrition research center, wherein building on his reading of 13 experiments on restricted diets in small animals and mice, in Richard Maly’s Annual Report on the Advances in Animal Chemistry (1884), he went onto discover, with the help of Marguerite Davis, vitamin A (1913), or “factor A” (or fat-soluble A), as they called it, and helped to discover vitamins B and D, and worked out the effect or trace elements in the diet; although, of note, in 1916 the objected to the term “vitamins”, from vital amines, introduced by Casimir Funk (1912), per reason that “vita” gave the substance too much importance, and there was not enough evidence to signify any one “amine” group; first-slate: 155|#745 (Dec 2020).||M||American|
|RGM:63|1,350+] (Murray 4000:9|MD) (Gottlieb 1000:55) (Becker 160:28|7L) (Simmons 100:97) (Hart 100:37) (Singh 100:66) (Oduenyi 100:100) (CR:8) Physician and microbiologist; noted for his 28 Oct 1928 discovery of penicillin, when he observed a “fungal contamination” (Penicillium fungi) on a bacterial culture, which appeared to kill the bacteria; he named the fungal extract “penicillin”; by 1942 it was used to treat infections; first-slating: IQ:155|#745 (Nov 2020).||M||Scottish|
|817.||155||William of Conches
|65||(AT:3|D) Scholastic philosopher; thought that physics of atoms made sense; first-slate: 155|#745 (Dec 2020).||M||French|
|(Simmons 100:68) (CR:5) Physicist and virus genetics researcher;
Noted for his 1935 “On the Nature of Gene Mutation and Structure”, wherein he gives the basic hypothesis of what a "gene" was; which inspired Schrodinger to give his What is Life? lecture; characterized an “ordinary genius” (Geno, 2013); in 1977, he was in a photo with George Scott; was the one who told Richard Adams (1988) about the famous “Jean vs Donnan and Guggenheim debate” on whether “life” has the capacity to evade the second law; first-slate: 155|#745 (Dec 2020).
|=165||Poet, fiction writer, translator, and critic; was, supposedly, one of the founding fathers of the romantic movement; Downgrade for going against Goethe, calling his theory-containing novella "torture affinities"; a fact that German writer and novelist Bettina Brentano (1785-1859) let Goethe know.||M||German|
|=170||(PR:672|65AE / politician:170) (Cattell 1000:48) (Gottlieb 1000:68) (EPD:M6) (LH:1) Lawyer, politician, and revolutionist; noted as main leader of the French revolution, from 1792 to 1794, during which time he replaced Catholicism with his new "Cult of Reason" as the new state religion of France; downgrade from 170|#505 to 155|#820 (Jul 66AE).||M||French|
|56||(RGML:108|400+) (CR:42) Politician and military leader; leader of the German "national socialism" National-sozialismus (NaZi-ism), an ideological practice characterized as a form of fascism that incorporates biological racism and antisemitism, a reactionary alternative to internationalist Marxist socialism and capitalism; his 1925 Mein Kampf (My Struggle), an autobiographical manifesto, employs a number of emotionally evoking thermal word based analogies and comparisons when discussing the stirrings of human passions; a top ten Smartest People in History (Ѻ).||M||Austrian-born German|
|91||Civil engineer; person behind the design of the Eiffel Tower, the Statue of Liberty, and many bridges and buildings; an oft-classified “engineering genius” (Ѻ); see: David Harvie’s 2006 Eiffel: the Genius Who Reinvented Himself (Ѻ); 112-candidate; first-slating: #649 (Nov 2020).||M||French|
|61||Murray 4000:13|A) Astronomer, mathematician, physicist and geodesist; first to determine reliable values for the distance from the sun to another star by the method of stellar parallax (extremely tiny shift in the apparent position of a star when observed from opposite sides of the earth's orbit); specifically in 1838 he announced that 61 Cygni had a parallax of 0.314 arcseconds, which, given the diameter of the Earth's orbit, indicated that the star is 10.3 ly away (current value: 11.4 ly); first-slate: 155|#753 (Dec 2020).||M||German|
|Cattell 1000:457) (Gottlieb 1000:359) (Time 100:30) King; noted for his c.1170 introduction of "trial by jury", usurping the older practice of trial by priest with holy water; 112-candidate; first-slating: #650 (Nov 2020).||M||English|
|(RGM:645|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:127) (TFE 10:9) (GEcE:#) (CR:3) Political economist; noted from some type of “labor theory of value”; one of the four founders of “classical economics”, along with Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, and John Mill (Leontief, 1982); 112-candidate list; first-slating: 155|#650 (Nov 2020).||M||English|
|79||RGM:267|1,500+] (CR:10) Writer, futurist, and philosopher; characterized a “lower middle-class academic prodigy” (Stiles, 2009);
first-slating: 155|#501 (Feb 2018).
[Ait Weil Zade] (1740-1822)
|(PR:42,043|65AE / archeologist:74) (RMS:86) (TL:154|#62) Egyptologist, Orientalist, archeologist, religio-mythologist, philologist, Assyriologist; noted for his 20+ volume collected works set on Egyptian hieroglyphics translated, with religio-mythology commentary, into English; first-slating: 155|#540 (Feb 2018).||M||English|
|=155||76||(Cattell 1000:379) Puritan church leader, poet, hymnodist, theologian, and controversialist.||M||English|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:323) Poet and songwriter.||M||French|
“The cells and fibers of the brain must carry some kind of individual identification tags, presumably cytochemical in nature, by which they are distinguished one from another almost, in many regions, to the level of the single neurons.” — Roger Sperry (c.1965), Publication (Ѻ) Noted for his split-brain research on epileptic cats (1953), after which he did split-brain experiments on humans (1962), wherein he found that the left side of the brain can read words, e.g. “nut”, and the right side of the brain can feel things, grab a “nut”, but not recognize the word; first-slating: IQ:155|#602 (Jan 2019).
“The left hemisphere is well-qualified for dominance because we know following Broca’s remarkable work last century that it is the site of speech and ideation center.” — Eugene Schoffeniels (1973), Anti-Chance (pg. 76) noted for work which revealed that the brains of patients suffering from aphasia contained lesions in the left frontal cortex region, aka "Broca's area" (shown); this also relates to the work of Roger Sperry who showed that only the left side of a split-brain was able to recognize written words; first-slating: IQ:155|#603 (Jan 2019).
|=160||55||Novelist, biographer and short story writer; noted for her 1857 The Life of Charlotte Bronte; down-graded from: 160|#550 to 155|#602 per relative non-notability, as compared to other GFG (Jan 2019).||F||English|
|=155||60||Manufacturer, radical, and politician, associated with two major free trade campaigns, the Anti-Corn Law League and the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty.||M||English|
|(CR:49) Historian; noted for his c.230 The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, oft-cited for a number of historical topics, such as discussion of Democritus, monad theory, Zeno of Citium and the slave stealing parable (Ѻ), the existographic data on Epicurus, being and nonbeing, etc.; cited by Simonton (Ѻ), in his Genius 101 (2009), as the first existographical work on geniuses; first slating: 155|#505 (Feb 2018).||M||Greco-Roman|
|=155||34||(Cattell 1000:297) Leader during the French revolution.||M||French|
|=155||56||(Cattell 1000:155) [RGM:503|1,350+] (Murray 4000:6|WA) Painter, woodcut printmaker, and author of theoretical treatises, involving principles of mathematics, perspective, and ideal proportions; Hans Baldung [RGM:503|1,350+] is characterized as Durer’s most gifted student; cited by Herman Melville (1851)||M||German|
|1.82||85||(Cattell 1000:103) (PR:4,952|65AE / philosopher:232) (Gottlieb 1000:691) (TL:21) Philosopher and historian;
noted for his The French Revolution (1837), wherein he described members of states general convention of 1789 as gravitating bodies (see: social gravitation); and for his “great men” theory of history, which Henry Buckle and Morris Zucker both grappled with; friends with John Mill and Ralph Emerson; doctrines sometimes referred to as Carlylism (Nietzsche, 1887); first slating: 155|#546 (Feb 2018).
|=155||66||Founder of the Religious Society of Friends (aka Quakers or Friends); he rebelled against the religious and political authorities by proposing an unusual, uncompromising approach to the Christian faith; he travelled throughout Britain as a dissenting preacher, performing hundreds of healings, and often being persecuted by the disapproving authorities; viewed with respect, supposedly, by William Penn and Oliver Cromwell.||M||English|
|=155||57||Whig statesman; was the arch-rival of the Tory politician William Pitt the Younger.||M||English|
||155||Gustave le Bon
|1.50||90||Social psychologist, sociologist, anthropologist, inventor, and amateur physicist;
Noted for his 1895 The Crowd, wherein he employs chemical and electromagnetic logic to describe "crowds" as a type of chemical transition state; rare HC pioneer; first-slate: 155|#772 (Dec 2020).
|=155||44||Statesman, prominent during and after the Franco-Prussian War.||M||French|
|66||RGM:282|1,350+] (Murray 4000:3|Med) (Becker 160:89|3L) (Simmons 100:44) (Glenn 20:13) (CR:7) Physician; founder of modern bacteriology; known for his role in identifying the specific causative agents of tuberculosis (1882), cholera, and anthrax and for giving experimental support for the concept of infectious disease; son of a mining engineer, he astounded his parents at the age of five by telling them that he had, with the aid of the newspapers, taught himself to read, a feat which foreshadowed the intelligence and methodical persistence which were to be so characteristic of him; first draft gauged at 155|#465 (Nov 2017).||M||German|
|=155||59||(Cattell 1000:527) Novelist, dark romantic, and short story writer; in 1906 Frank Stearns published The Life and Genius of Nathaniel Hawthorne (Ѻ), wherein the “genius” mind of Hawthorne, supposedly, is described.||M||American|
|65||(Murray 4000:14|M) Physician;
aka “English Hippocrates”; noted for his 1676 Medical Observations, a manifesto on the general principles of the practice of medicine; associated with John Locke and Robert Boyle; first-slate: 155|#775 (Dec 2020).
|=155||83||(Cattell 1000:281) Noblewoman who secretly married King Louis XIV, becoming his second wife; was one of the King's closest advisers and the royal children's governess; in 1684, she founded the Maison royale de Saint-Louis, a school for girls from poorer noble families.||F||French|
||155||Hugh Miller||=155||54||(Cattell 1000:696) (EPD:F5) Self-taught geologist and writer, folklorist, and an evangelical Christian; he did not believe that later species were descended from earlier ones; he denied the Epicurean theory that new species occasionally budded from the soil, and the Lamarckian theory of development of species, as lacking evidence; argued that all this showed the direct action of a benevolent creator, as attested in the Bible; he accepted the view of Thomas Chalmers that Genesis begins with an account of geological periods, and does not mean that each of them is a day; Noah's Flood was a limited subsidence of the Middle East; geology, to Miller, offered a better version of the argument from design than William Paley could provide, and answered the objections of sceptics, by showing that living species did not arise by chance or by impersonal law.||M||Scottish|
|=155||71||(Cattell 1000:235) Statesman and financier.||M||French|
Noted for his 1957 PhD thesis “The Theory of the Universal Wavefunction”, done under John Wheeler, wherein he, supposedly, expanded on Schrodinger’s 1952 “seemingly lunatic” suggestion that the Schrodinger equation does not explain several different histories or alternatives, but what is “all happening simultaneously”, to propose the “many world’s interpretation” (Ѻ), which gives solution to the Schrodinger cat paradox; 2018 TopTenz.net “great mind throughout history” (Ѻ); first-slate: 155|#778 (Dec 2020).
|=155||71||(Cattell 1000:438) Patriot and orator.||M||Irish|
|23||(Cattell 1000:61) (CR:49) Philosopher; noted for his 1903 Eros and Psyche or Sex and Character: A Fundamental Investigation, published four months before he shot himself in the heart (see: founders and suicide), in which he claims to be the first to extrapolate upon German polymath Johann Goethe’s 1809 chemical affinity theory of relationships, passions, sex, marriage and divorce; first slating: 180|#106 (Dec 2016); down-grade ↓ to 155|#560 after finishing Sex and Character (Mar 2018).||M||Austrian|
|51||Ѻ); first-slate: 155|#780 (Dec 2020).||M||Swiss|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:471) Composer.||M||Italian|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:321) Historian.||M||American|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:187) Dominican friar and preacher.||M||Italian|
|Murray 4000:20|M) (Gottlieb 1000:286) (RGM:767|1,350+) Physician; noted for his 1847 promotion of the practice of “handwashing” before surgery, e.g. with chlorinated lime solutions; publishing his findings in 1861 Etiology, Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever; his ideas, however, were rejected by the “established” medical community, and he suffered a nervous breakdown and was committed to an asylum, by his colleagues, where he dies 14-days later; his handwashing idea to reduce mortality rates in hospitals only gained acceptance years after following the work and practice of Pasteur and Lister; image (Ѻ) from 20 Mar 2020 Doodle in recognition of Semmelweis; first-slating: 155|#783 (Nov 2020).||M||Hungarian|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:441) Statesman; opponent of the spread of slavery, in the years leading up to the American Civil War.||M||American|
|79||(Murray 4000:6|E) (EPD:F4) Geologist; noted for his 1867 Siluria, which, according to Bruce Fegley (2013), was the first use of thermodynamics in geology; he was friends with Humphry Davy, who told him that he was wasting his time riding to hounds and shooting, and that he should turn his energy to science, which prompted him to join the Geological Society of London, wherein he became colleagues with: colleagues there included Adam Sedgwick, William Conybeare, William Buckland, William Fitton, Charles Lyell (who he went exploring with), and Charles Darwin; first-slate: 155|#785 (Dec 2020).||M||Scottish|
|(Siegfried 10:8) (GME:#) (CR:3) Mathematician, philosopher (Hues, 1594), physicist, navigator, linguist, an oft-cited general polymath;
noted for the c.1595 introduction of the inequality sign; 112-candidate list; first-slating: 155|#679 (Nov 2020).
|70||Murray 4000:3|G) Geologist, aka “Strata Smith” and “father of English geology”; noted for his discernment, while working in coal mines, in the 1790s, of how rock layers were always arranged in predictable patterns, with a succession of fossil groups, all over England; in 1799, he began making geological map of England, showing the heights of rock formations, later characterized as the "map that changed the world"; his work paved the way for the theory of evolution and the eventual determination of the true age of the earth; first-slate: 155|#786 (Dec 2020).||M||English|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:470) Diplomat, statesman, and author.||M||English|
|Chemist; noted for his 1935 synthesis of the drug physostigmine (beating out Robert Robinson, who incorrectly claimed synthesis before him), previously only available from its natural source, the Calabar bean; after which glaucoma began to be treatable (Ѻ); and for later work on soybean chemicals and steroids; first-slating: IQ:155|#787 after watching first 47-min of 2007 PBS NOVA documentary: Percy Julian: Forgotten Genius (Nov 2020).||M||American|
||155||Sextus Empiricus (c.160-210)||(Becker 139:107|3L) (Stokes 100:17) (PEC10:3) (CR:26) Philosopher, physician, and skeptic;
“Since justice too was introduced according to the relationship of men to each other and to the gods, if there are no gods, justice too will not exist. And this is absurd.” — Sextus Empiricus (c.200), Against the Mathematicians (9.126-130) ; first-slated: IQ:155 (Nov 2020).
|(RGM:722|1,350+) (CR:6) Religio-mythology scholar;
noted for her two-volume Isis Unveiled (1884), wherein she decodes parts of Set, and El in respect to Saturn and Israel (see: Is-Ra-El); co-editor, with Annie Besant, of the journal Lucifer, which has helpful articles on the gematria values of Abraham and Braham; coiner, supposedly, of the term “law of attraction” (Hurst, 2019), as expounded in her two-volume The Secret Doctrine, the Synthesis of Science, Religion, and Philosophy (V1: Cosmogenesis; V2: Anthropogenesis); first-slate: 155|#788 (Dec 2020).
|872.||155||Anthony Van Dyck
|=155||(Cattell 1000:162) Painter.||M||Flemish|
|84||(RGM:554|1,350+) (FA:31) (CR:17) Religious scholar, with roots in Shia and Mutazlite schools, turned free thinker, atheist, skeptic of Islam, and religious critic;
Noted for his Book of the Emerald, only fragments of which exist; is grouped with Zakariya Razi as a top "free thinker" of medieval Islam; similar to David Hume in respect to his miracle views; first-slate: 155|#789 (Dec 2020).
|53||(Cattell 1000:958) (RGM:873|1,350+) Writer, epigramist, and aphorist;
“The aphorism as a deliberately cultivated literary form, as distinct from something said briefly, did not appear in European literature until the Renaissance, when the aphoristic writings of Erasmus, Michelangelo, Paracelsus and Bacon, but above all those of the line of French philosophers from Montaigne to Chamfort, bestowed on it the distinctive character by which we now recognize it.” — Reginald Hollingdale (1990), “Introduction” to Georg Lichtenberg’s The Waste Books (1799) First-draft slating: IQ:155|#603 (Jan 2019).
|68||Murray 4000:8|T) (EP:30) (CR:10) Mechanical engineer, civil engineer, and physicist;
Noted for his 1769 Smeaton engine (an improved Newcomen engine); in 1765, equated one horsepower to 5 men or to 22,916 pounds of water raised one foot high in one minute against the force of gravity; first-slate: 155|#790 (Dec 2020).
|80||(RGM:624|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:314) (Simmons 100:91) (Becker 160:72|4L) Virologist and medical researcher; noted for his 1952 development of the polio vaccine; first-slate: 155|#790 (Dec 2020)||M||American|
|80||Murray 4000:20|T) (Gottlieb 1000:329) Artist and inventor;
noted for his 1837 Morse code system for telegraphy, co-developed with Joseph Henry and Alfred Vail (who in 1840 added letters and special characters); first used in practice in 1844; first-slate: 155|#790 (Dec 2020).
|=155||(Cattell 1000:394) Statesman.||M||English|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:499) Prelate, theological controversialist, and critic.||M||English|
|=155||(Cattell 1000:460) Admiral.||M||English|
|=200||[RGM:567|1,320+] Film director, screenwriter, and producer; noted for meticulous to detail and emotion films such as Spartacus, The Shining, Full Metal Jacket, A Clockwork Orange; his purported "genius" is a frequent Quora topic (Ѻ); first-slating: 155|#570 (Mar 2018).||M||American|
|Murray 4000:1|ES) (Gottlieb 1000:512) (Becker 160:115|3L) (Simmons 100:28) (CR:11) Lawyer turned geologist;
“Hitherto, no rival hypothesis has been proposed as a substitute for the doctrine of transmutation; for ‘independent creation’, as it is often termed, or the direct intervention of the ‘supreme cause’, must simply be considered as an avowal that we deem the question to lie beyond the domain of science.” — Charles Lyell (1863), The Antiquity of Man (pg. 421) (Ѻ) noted for his 1830 Principles of Geology, published in three volumes (1830-33), wherein he showed that according to geological evidence that the earth was more than 300-million years old, rather than 6,000-years-old, the Biblical view; influenced a young age 22 Charles Darwin greatly; first-slating: 150|#570 (Mar, 2018).
||150||Benoit de Maillet
|=150||Cattell 1000:168) [RGM:94|1,350+] (Murray 4000:7|WA) (Norlinger 22:20) Draughtsman, painter and printmaker;
“Giotto, Titian, Rembrandt, and Goya were the great painters. I am only a public clown.” — Pablo Picasso (1952), Interview (Ѻ)regarded as the greatest artist of Holland's ‘golden age’; his “Pendant Portraits of Maerten Soolmans and Oopjen Coppit”, which sold for $190M, is the eight most expensive painting (Ѻ) in history; is ranked #4 in Ranker.com’s Best Painters of All Time (Ѻ) listing; his “The Night Watch”, adjacent, is Ranker.com ranked at #23 “Best Paintings of All Time” (Ѻ) out of 200.
|2.68||56||(Cattell 1000:53) (PR:258|65AE / writer:32) (Murray 4000:16|WL) (TL:12) Poet and Epicurean-Stoic philosopher;
Noted for defining “happiness” as consisting in the practice of virtue and freedom from superstition (Collins, 1713); first-slating: 150|#527 (Feb 2018).
|886.||150||Francis Galton (133-44 BE) (1822-1911 ACM)||=200
|88||RGM:172|1,350+) (PR:2,916|65AE / statistician:1) (Becker 160:123|3L) (Simmons 100:94) (TL:60) Anthropologist, statistician, psychologist; half-cousin to English naturalist Charles Darwin; characterized a "Victorian genius" (Forrest, 1974), noted for his 1869 Hereditary Genius, one of the first books on the science of genius; for his 1879 dialogue with James Maxwell on the topic of free will; and for his interest in William Thomson’s lecture on Maxwell's demon at the Royal Institute; moves: 200|#12 (2007); 165|#246 (2014); 145|#714 (2019); 150|#886 (Apr 66AE)||M||English|
“Who can say that men have souls while rocks have none?” — Howard Lovecraft (1916), “Letter to Rheinhart Kleiner, Ira Cole, and Maurice Moe”, Aug 8 Noted for his philosophically discerning letters of correspondence, wherein he gives ripe honed statements about existence, religion, science, atheism, and meaning; first-slating: 150|#690 (Nov 2020).
|RGM:802|1,500+] (removed 2020) (HD:34) (FA:117) (CR:29) Lawyer, colonel, politician, and free thought orator;
“Ingersoll is the nearest approach we Americans have had to Voltaire.” — James Gillis (1925), Publication nicknamed the “great agnostic”, “great American atheist” (1888) (Ѻ), or "pagan prophet" (Hecht, 2003), noted for being one of the first to state that "Adam and Eve never existed" (c.1882), for making one of the first atheist eulogies, for being one of the supposed atheist rocks to avoid in the Christian captain anecdote, and for being one of the most-prolific atheism quotesmiths; first-slating: 150|#633 (Jan 2019).
|=160+||2.72||57||[RGM:473|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:187) Political leader, field marshal, statesman, author; largely responsible for modernizing Turkey into a secular, industrial nation; added at IQ:150|#650-range (Oct 2020).||M||Turkish|
|2.46||61||CR:31) Physicist; noted for 1878 floating magnets experiment, wherein, based on the c.1590 floating loadstone experiments of William Gilbert, he put charged needles in cork floating in water, above which he put an opposite-charged magnet, and therein discerned geometric patterns, changing per number of needles; this data served as the theoretical basis for Joseph Thomson’s 1904 plum pudding model of the atom, two big stepping stones in the development of atomic theory; first slating: 150|#567 (Feb 2018).||M||American|
|Cattell 1000:500) (CR:6) Philosopher and historian; noted for his 23AD Geography, which established the science of geography, based on then-current views, and historical precursor models; first-slating: IQ:150|#633 (Jan 2019).||M||Greek|
|CR:6) Chemist and physicist; noted for his for his 1870 invention of the Crooke tube, and cathode-ray studies, fundamental in the development of atomic physics, and for his discovery of the element thallium; first-slating: 150|#663 (Oct 2019).||M||English|
|(PEC10:4) (FA:8) (ACR:21) (CR:11) Philosopher, possible student of Democritus, noted, in the atheism timeline, for expressing the first agnostic views on the existence of the gods, for which he was labeled an atheist, and his books were burned; first-slated: IQ:150 (Nov 2020).||M||Greek|
|(Cardano 12:4) (Gottlieb 1000:635) (Becker 139:67|5L) (Stokes 100:23) (CR:4) Philosopher and theologian;
“If all men by nature desire to know, then they desire most of all the greatest knowledge of science. And he immediately indicates what the greatest science is, namely the science which is about those things that are most knowable.” — Duns Scotus (c. 1300), Publication (Ѻ) aka "medieval Kant" (Anar, 2019); oft-grouped with: Thomas Aquinas, William of Ockham (who he influenced), and Francisco Suarez as top four middle ages philosopher theologians; influenced: Rene Descartes, Martin Heidegger, Gilles Deleuze, Antonius Andreas; first-slating: 150|#662 (Sep 2019).
|77|| Physician and surgeon; aka "Albucasis" (Latin) or "Zahravius"; known as the "father of operative surgery"; noted for his 1,500-page The Method of Medicine (Azija ‘an at-Ta’lif ), a 30-volume medical encyclopedia, with focus on obstetrics, maternal and child health, and the anatomy and physiology of the human body, the last volume “On Surgery”, being the first-ever surgical treatise ever written; first translated into Latin by Gerard of Cremona (c.1170), which was said to have initiated the first English books on medicine in 1250; was regarded as greater than Galen, in his day; first-slate: 150|#806 (Dec 2020).||M||Arabian|
|7.5||20||FA:80) (EPD:FM|10) (TL:9) Philosopher, medical student, and satirical and outspoken irreligionist;
after losing two of his sisters and both of his parents before age 10, he began to seek answers to questions such as: if more truth could be made by stretching the truth? Why did the Lord need so many bairn? Do cats have souls, and if so, can cats go to hell?”; at age 17, read Descartes, Spinoza, Hobbes, Blount, Toland, and Servetus; by age 20, was a medical student at University of Edinburgh, wherein he began to profess some form a pantheism, after which he was hung (by vote); all of the material on him was meticulously preserved by Locke; first-slating: 150|# 696 (Nov 2020).
|[RGM:667|1,500+] (Becker 139:51|6L) (Stokes 100:60) (Listal 100:35) (GAG:#) (CR:16) Chance-based philosopher and logician;
First-slate: 150|#896 (Nov 2020).
|[RGM:308|1,500+] (CR:2) Novelist, literary critic, philosopher, and semiotician, noted in genius studies culture for having the third-largest personal library in history, said to contain 30,000 to 50,000 books, influential to influenced Nassim Taleb, noted for generally for his 1980 The Name of the Rose, which is ranked by some (Ѻ) alongside Dan Brown’s The Da Vinci Code and Graham Hancock’s Fingerprints of the Gods; previous Hmolpedia 2020 candidate (112-names); first-slating: 150|#696 (Nov 2020).||M||Italian|
|=148||(Cattell 1000:69) [GCH:6|300+] Naval commander and national hero; famous for his naval victories against the French during the Napoleonic Wars.||M||English|
|Paleontologist, parasitologist and anatomist; a fabled “last person who knew everything” (Warren, 1998); first-draft IQ gauged at 130-155 (c.2015).||M||American|
|(CR:14) Economist; a fabled “last person who knew everything” (Heilbroner, 1999); IQ first-draft guesstimated at 130-155 (c.2015).||M||American|
|74||Christianity form of the state religion; first-slate: 150|#812 (Dec 2020).||M||Roman|
|[RGM:533|1,350+] (CR:19) Writer and philosopher; popularly known for his 1956 The Chronicles of Narnia; intellectually known for his 1940s atheism-turned-apologetics works, such as his 1952 Mere Christianity; said to have “extremely high intelligence in the linguistic domain”, but unable to pass a school certificate mathematics exam, despite many attempts (see: IQ tests and mislabeled geniuses); a common query is who had the higher IQ: Tolkien or Lewis (Ѻ)(Ѻ); first-slating: 150|#616 (Jul 2018).||M||Irish-born English|
|Pantheist theologian, philosopher, and poet; penned The Division of Nature, based on aggregate of the ideas of Plato, Plotinus, Proclus, and Origen; Meister Eckhart and Nicholas of Cusa are considered his successors (Ѻ); Schopenhauer ranks (Ѻ) him, pantheistically, with Giordano Bruno, Nicolas Malebranche, and Benedict Spinoza; considered a neglected middle ages genius whose works are “finally coming into their own after centuries of neglect and condemnation (Carabine, 2000) (Ѻ); an "interesting" potential top 1000 candidate (Philoepisteme, Jun 2018) (Ѻ); 112-candidate; first-slating:#700 (Nov 2020).||M||Irish|
||150||Franklin D. Roosevelt
|=151||63||[RGM:1061|1,350+] (API:12) Politician; 32nd American President; noted as being person who pulled America out of the great depression and aligned the US with the Allied Powers during WWII.||M||American|
|(Becker 160:108|3L) (GAE:#) (EPD:F11) (CR:3) Astronomer; noted as a "comet hunter", which resulted in him publishing a 1744 compendium of comets versus "mistaken comet-like" objects, known known to be: 39 galaxies, 4 planetary nebulae, 7 other types of nebulae, and 55 star clusters; first-slate: 150|#815 (Dec 2020).||M||French|
|=150||67||[RGM:580|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:72) (Murray 4000:10|WA) Artist and Post-Impressionist painter; Matisse and Picasso are said to have remarked that Cézanne "is the father of us all"; one of his paintings is name-dropped in the 1958 film Houseboat.||M||French|
|64||(Gottlieb 1000:674) (GPE:107) (GAE:#) (CR:10) Theoretical physicist and cosmologist;
At age 27, in Russian, Gamow was forbidden to speak about Heisenberg’s version of quantum mechanics as it was deemed anti-materialistic and incompatible with the state’s increasingly rigid version of Marxist philosophy; known as an "ordinary genius" (Serge, 2013); his idea, along with Bohr (who had the idea), that an atomic nucleus might be akin to a liquid drop, that after reaching a certain size would “split” into two new droplets, influenced: Lise Meitner; first-slate: #816 (Dec 2020).
|=150||Shakespearian actor; noted for the “Alexander technique”, a psycho-physical re-learning process aimed at fixing ailments, and to recognize and overcome reactive, habitual limitations in movement and thinking.||M||Australian|
|89||(Murray 4000:16|E) (Gottlieb 1000:236) (GPE:#) Physicist and meteorologist; student of Hertz; noted for developing some of the first primitive equations used in weather prediction; first-slate: 150|#817 (Dec 2020).||M||Norwegian|
|=148||96||[RGM:556|1,350+] Dance choreographer; inspiration to Madonna, who stated upon meeting her: “she absolutely lived up to all my expectations with her wit, intelligence, and nerve-wracking imperiousness”.||F||American|
|=147||74||[RGM:984|1,310+] Boxer and activist.||M||American|
||150||Johannes Gutenberg (1398-1468)||=140||68||Cattell 1000:231) [RGM:21|1,500+] (Gottlieb 1000:1) (Hart 100:3) (CR:4) Blacksmith, goldsmith, and engraver; noted for his c.1450 invention of the movable type printing press; upgraded from 140|#614 to 150|#575 (Feb 2018).||M||German|
|=150||77||(Cattell 1000:366) Liberal statesman and orator; coined the term: "flog a dead horse".||M||English|
|=150||4.05||37||(Cattell 1000:92) [RGM:913|1,350+] Lyric poet;
“Facts are chiels that winna ding, an’ downa be disputed.” — Robert Burns (1786), A Dream (Ѻ)(Ѻ); cited by Steven Shapin (1985) in Leviathan and the Air Pump (pg. 22)
|Cattell 1000:477) (RGM:157|1,350+) (PR:539|65AE / Writer:69) (ACR:15) (TL:51|#169) Writer, poet, and theologian, noted for his 700BC Theogony, wherein he rescripts the therianthropic Egyptian pantheon into a new more anthropomorphic Greek pantheon, with more anthropomorphism than the former.; noted for his c.700BC Theogony, aka “generation of the gods", from whence the roots of terms such as “theology” and “thermodynamics” derive, wherein he transliterates the Egyptian pantheon into a Greek pantheon, pictured adjacent, according to which in the beginning was Chaos, the primordial void or chasm of darkness, from which springs the feminine principle Gaia (earth) and then Eros (desire), which establishes the procreative principle by which the cosmos became populated; first-draft slated at #525 (Jan 2018).||M||Greek|
|(PEC10:11) (CR:5) Physiologist;
In 1838, aged 20, after reading Lucretius’ On the Nature of Things, he was converted to a positivist view of biology (powered chnopsology), meaning that he dispensed with teleology, vitalism, and other romantic notions; first-slated: IQ:150 (Nov 2020).
|81||(Murray 4000:18|A) Astronomer and physician; noted for his 1823 description of the “dark night sky paradox”, aka Oblers paradox, namely: if there are an infinite number of stars in the universe, is the sky dark? The paradox, supposedly, was ruminated on by Thomas Digges (c.1580), Kepler (1610), Halley, Cheseaux, Poe (1848), and Thomson (1901); first-slate: 150|#824 (Dec 2020).||M||German|
|=150||(Cattell 1000:406) Political writer.||M||English|
|920||150||Paul of Aegina
|65||(Shariff 10:8) Physician, aka “Paulus Aegineta”; noted for his c.680 Medical Compendium in Seven Books, a compilation of extant medical knowledge; first-slate: 150|#825 (Dec 2020).||M||Greek|
|76||(Murray 4000:16|WM) (Gottlieb 1000:231) (GMG:20) Composer, string player, choirmaster, and priest; composer of both secular and sacred music, and a pioneer in the development of opera; considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and Baroque periods of music history; first-slate: 150|#825 (Dec 2020).||M||Italian|
|=150||(Cattell 1000:442) Naval officer.||M||English|
|=165||56||(Murray 4000:8|WM) Composer; first-slate: 150|#826 (Dec 2020).||M||French|
|924.||150||Auguste de Marmont
|=150||(Cattell 1000:174) Marshal.||M||French|
|=140||75||(Murray 4000:9|WM) Composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, and organist of the Romantic era; first-slate: 150|#827 (Dec 2020).||M||Hungarian|
|=150||(Cattell 1000:332) [RGM:953|1,350+] Poet; not to be confused with: George Moore (1873-1958) (Stokes 100:80).||M||Irish|
|84||(Murray 4000:17|B) Naturalist, zoologist, geologist, meteorologist, geographer;
Noted for his 1828 work on comparative embryology and his four laws of embryology; aka “father of embryology”; first-slate: 150|#828 (Dec 2020).
|Cattell 1000:944) (ACR:32) (CR:17) Moral philosopher and fabulist;
noted for his storytelling using animal-human figures, e.g. the "scorpion and the frog", “Androcles and the lion” (aka Daniel 6, of the Bible), etc., to convey teachings about ambiguous natures; cited by Herodotus, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, etc; while under the death sentence, was said to have passed the time by converting his fables, from memory, into verse (Plato, c.360BC); first-slated: 150|#495 (Dec 2017).
(62 BE-26 AE)
|87||warm pond" origin of life model; noted for his advocation, as a convicted atheist, of a new “prophet” to bring together the new scientific view of the universe with the moral teachings of western religions. (Ѻ); first-slate: 150|#829 (Dec 2020).||M||American|
|Cattell 1000:733) [RGM:719|1,350+] (Murray 4000:8|B) Physiologist and physician; noted for his 1839 demonstration that animal tissues were made of cells, which, together with Schlieden’s 1838 statement that plant tissues were composed of cells, laid the foundation for “cell theory”; eponym of Schwann cells; discoverer of the digestive enzyme pepsin; coiner of “metabolism”; first-slating: IQ:150|#654 (Jan 2019).||M||German|
|62||Thims 33:6) (CR:45) Oceanographer, micro-organism experimentalist, and philosopher;
Noted for his: The Philosophy of Biology (1914), e.g. figure 26 (adjacent); The Mechanism of Life in Relations to Modern Physical Theory (1921), and for his 1932 “Entropy and Evolution” chapter, throughout which he defines an organism as a “physio-chemical mechanism”, jettisons things such as entelechy, and digresses on free will; influenced: Alfred Lotka and Alfred Redfield; first-slate: 150|#830 (Dec 2020).
|=150||77||(RGM:1171|1,350+) (Murray 4000:13|WM) (GMG:21) Composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter; said to have extended the romantic styles of Brahms and Wagner; the first modern composer to embrace ways of developing motifs without resorting to the dominance of a centralized melodic idea; The music is tonal, but highly chromatic. Major works include the String Quartet #1 (1904), the Chamber Symphony #1 (1906), the lush choral Friede auf Erden (1907), the string sextet Verklärte Nacht (1899; probably his most popular piece), and the massive, Mahlerian Gurre-Lieder (1900-1911).||M||Austrian-born American|
|=150||(Cattell 1000:386) Baroque painter.||M||Spanish|
|90||(Murray 4000:12|E) Geologist; noted for his multi-volume 1795-1807 Physical Geography; was the first person to state the doctrine that valleys are the result of the erosive action of streams flowing through them (Geike, c.1870); his investigations in Auvergne and Italy (among other places) had important consequences in geological theory and practice, beyond that of simple vulcanism and neptunism; considered a pioneer during earth sciences enlightenment period; influences: Buffon; first-slate: 150|#831 (Dec 2020).||M||French|
Noted for his 1861 theory of the supercontinent Gondwana, and for his 1875 coining of the term biosphere.
noted for his 1966 The Hidden Dimension: an Anthropologist Examines Man’s Use of Space in Public and Private, wherein, building on the 1947 to 1961 rat population density studies of John Calhoun and the 1955 “fight or flight” animal space research of Heini Hediger, advanced ideas such as “action chains” (or chain reactions), e.g. how there are 15-ordered-steps required in the mating of sticklebacks, arguing that humans, similarly, do nothing that is not part of an action chain; speculated that social gravity is inversely proportional to the square or cube of the distance bodies; advanced the concept of “social space” or “invisible bubbles” that surround people, determining the nature of their reactions; influenced: Raikhlin (2003) and Thims (2007), in respect to: boundary social mechanism, reaction space, and human molecular orbital theory; first-slate: 150|#833 (Dec 2020).
|=150||(Cattell 1000:343) Marshal.||M||French|
|70||[RGM:579|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:219) (Murray 4000:8|WA) (Nelson 19:5) (GAG:#) (CR:3) Painter and architect;
“Giotto, Titian, Rembrandt, and Goya were the great painters. I am only a public clown.” — Pablo Picasso (1952), Interview (Ѻ) Noted for artwork in the "halo" article; influential to John Ruskin; first-slating: 150|#717 (Nov 2020).
|80||(Murray 4000:13|T) (CR:3) Industrialist and cast iron manufacturer; noted for his 1774 “boring machine” which made precisely-round cylinders for steam, which allowed Watt to progress in the development of his Watt engine; used the ball-in-hand sleep method (also used by Aristotle and Alexander the Great);; first-slate: 150|#835 (Dec 2020).||M||English|
|53||(RGM:904|1,350+) (Becker 139:66|5L) (Shariff 10:2) (CR:5) Philosopher, jurist, theologian;
aka "Algazel"; noted for his Incoherence of Philosophers (Tahâfut al-falâsifa), wherein he attempts to attack Aristotelian ideas (because they advocate a type of nature that is self-contained, without need of direction of the divine); supposedly argued that there is no reason to believe in “cause and effect”; and idea also professed by: Charvaka, Nicholas of Autrecourt, and Hume; is credited as being the person that ended the Islamic golden age, when he ended when he declared mathematics “evil” or the “work of the devil” (Tyson, 2011); cited in the context of middle ages “doubters” (Hecht, 2003); first-slate: 150|#835 (Dec 2020).
|82||(GB 100:39) Carpenter and clockmaker; known as inventor of the marine chronometer (1730), which solved the problem of calculating longitude while at sea.; first-slate: 150|#835 (Dec 2020).||M||English|
|82||[RGM:408|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:340) (Murray 4000:16|WA) Romantic painter and printmaker;
“Giotto, Titian, Rembrandt, and Goya were the great painters. I am only a public clown.” — Pablo Picasso (1952), Interview (Ѻ) First-slating: 150|#717 (Nov 2020).
|CR:11) Mathematician, aeronautics engineer, economist;
Noted for his 1967 “How Long is the Coast of Britain”, wherein he developed the concept of “fractals”, or self-similar curves that have Hausdorff dimension between 1 and 2; later, using IBM computers, discovering the so-called “Mandelbrot set” (1980); ideas which he later applied to financial markets; knowledgeable about Stoppard's Arcadia; visualized (Ѻ) the Cantor’s 1883 “monster” set in the “noise” of IBM transmission lines; a classified “polymath” (Mirowski, 1989); image (Ѻ) from 20 Nov 2020 Doodle of his 96th Bday; first-slating: 150|#836 (Nov 2020)
|75||(CR:35) Anthropologist, sociologist, and philosopher;
Noted for his “Energy and the Evolution of Culture” (1943), wherein he classified civilizations and cultures as “forms of organized energy”, The Science of Culture (1949), The Evolution of Culture (1959); known as: “prophet of the second law in anthropology”; founder of the University of Michigan’s anthropology department; influenced by: Wilhelm Ostwald, Alfred Lotka; influenced: Richard Adams; first-slate: 150|#836 (Dec 2020).
|=150||(Cattell 1000:401) Politician, publicist, and political agitator.||M||English|
|95||Physicist and engineer; after reading the works of Jules Verne at age 11, went onto pen By Rocketry into Planetary Space, and become a founding father of rocketry and astronautics, along with Robert Pelterie, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, and Robert Goddard; influential to Werner Braun.||M||Austro-Hungarian-born German|
|=155||RGM:774|1,350+] Novelist and philosopher;
“It’s a scientific fact that if you stay in California, you lose one point off your IQ every year.” — Truman Capote (c.1965), The Portable Curmudgeon (pg. 59) (Ѻ) Author of Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1958), made famous in the 1961 film starring Audrey Hepburn [RGM:1,239|1,350+]; first-slating: 150|700-ish (c.2019).
||150||Georges Le Sage
|79||[RGM:482|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:319) (Murray 4000:14|WA) (Collins 20:6) Sculptor; first-slating: 150|#720 (Nov 2020).||M||Italian|
||150||George Michael (1963-2016)||54||M||English|
|(Cattell 1000:742) (Gottlieb 1000:648) (CR:2) Politician, economic theorist, and self-defined anarchist;
|68||Murray 4000:16|M) Pathologist and bacteriologist; noted as the leader of the research team, at Bayer Laboratories, that in 1933 developed the drug Prontosil, the first systemically active antibacterial drug; first-slate: 150|#842 (Dec 2020).||M||German|
(65 BE-7 AE)
|(RGM:859|1,500+) (James 38:29) (CR:9) Statistical evolutionary biologist noted, in evolution thermodynamics, for his 1933 theory that "fitness", as described via Darwin's natural selection theory, has something to do with entropy and entropy increase; also known, supposedly, for the “sexy son hypothesis” (Ѻ); previous Hmolpedia 2020-listed candidate (112-names); first slating: 150|#720 (Nov 2020).||M||English|
|[RGM:999|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:38) Politician, prime minister, historian, writer, and artist; missing IQ:200+ candidate (Ѻ); a gifted child who failed sixth grade (see: mislabeled geniuses) (Ѻ); first-slated: 150:600-ish (c.2018).||M||English|
|45||Murray 4000:7|M) Physician and musician; noted for his 1816 invention of the stethoscope, derived from his skill of carving his own wooden flutes, which he used to diagnose various chest conditions; first-slate: 145|#844 (Dec 2020).||M||French|
|2.01||72||(RGM:341|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:716) (Bloom 100:37) (GLAE:#) (TL:8) Novelist, short story writer, and poet; noted for his 1851 Moby Dick, with its philosophically absorbing character “Captain Ahab”; added at IQ:145 (14 Oct 2020).||M||American|
|78||Murray 4000:13|M) Physician and bacteriologist; noted for his 1890 work with Emil Behring on the discovery of the diphtheria antitoxin; first-slate: 145|#845 (Dec 2020).||M||Japanese|
|67||(Murray 4000:7|E) Astronomer, naval officer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator; best known for his The Physical Geography of the Sea (1855), the first such extensive and comprehensive book on oceanography to be published; first-slate: 145|#845 (Dec 2020).||M||American|
(36 BE-43 AE)
|[RGM:413|1,350+] (Scott 50:35) (PEC10:5) (CR:13) Sociologist and philosopher, stylized the "brightest man in Europe” (Santayana, c.1913), classified by Werner Stark (1962), as a “secondary form” social mechanism theorist, noted for his 1908 Sociology, wherein he classifies himself as an anti-organist, supposedly, and talks about powerful forces pushing man and woman towards each other, speak of man as the “atom of society” and of people as “elements [that] incessantly gain, lose and shift their equilibrium”; first-slated: IQ:145 (Nov 2020).||M||German|
|84||(RGM:956|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:741) (Simmons 100:14) (CR:7) Physical geographer; noted for his application of physics to geographical aspects of anthropology—therein developing “physical anthropology”, so to say; in short, he superimposed the criteria of the physical sciences unto cultural anthropology, employing materialistic convictions throughout; first slate: 145|#848 (Dec 2020).||M||German-born American|
|70||Murray 4000:9E) Physician, naturalist, and mineralogist; as his father was a druggist, he was led into a study of botany in various parts of France, which led him into a study of soils and subsoils, which led him into a study of minerals and rocks, which led him to produce on of the first geological maps, in the form of a “map of minerals”, from his Atlas et Description Minéralogiques de la France (1780); first-slate: 145|#858 (Dec 2020).||M||French|
(18 BE-68 AE)
|=140s+||[RGM:691|1,350+] (EPD:F14) Journalist, author, and realism existence philosopher;
112-name list candidate; first-slating: 145|#724 (Nov 2020).
|967.||145||Anselm of Canterbury
|76||(Cattell 1000:620) (RGM:1055|1,350+) (Becker 139:49|6L) (Stokes 100:25) (Perry 80:65) (PEC7:4) (CR:6) Monk, abbot, philosopher, and theologian; cited by Feuerbach in his “The Natural Sciences and the Revolution” (1850); first-slating: 145|#850 (Dec 2020).||M||Italian|
|71||Ѻ) from the 29 May 2018 Doodle celebrating Sorensen; first-slate: 145|#850 (Dec 2020).||M||Danish|
|68||Aka “Avenzoar” (Latin); physician, surgeon, and poet; as a youth, his father introduced him to Galen and Hippocrates, and made him swear the Hippocratic oath; later he heard Averroes lecture and learned physics from him; he advanced the "experimental school" of al-Razi of animal testing before human testing, e.g. he did a tracheotomy on a goat before doing it on humans; removed cataracts, kidney stones, and discussed dilation and contraction of the pupil; first-slate: 145|#850 (Dec 2020).||M||Arabian|
|=145||(Cattell 1000:717) Soldier and statesman; defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.||M||Anglo-Irish|
|53||(RGM:971|1,350+) Astronomer; noted for her 1912 period-luminosity relation, namely that is a “simple relation between the brightness of the Cepheid variables and their periods”, which provided astronomers way to measure the distance to faraway galaxies; later used by Hubble, with galactic spectral shifts, measured by Vesto Slipher, to establish that the universe is expanding; first-slate: 145|#853 (Dec 2020).||F||American|
|69||Murray 4000:17|E) Chemist; student of Berzelius; aka “prince of Prussian chemistry” (Schutt, 1997); is categorized as a third-tier affinity chemist (van't Hoff, 1905); in 1831, was referring to catalyst as a "contact process"; first-slate: 145#|#854 (Dec 2020).||M||German|
|(RGM:304|1,350+) (RMS:14) (CR:#) Theologian, philosopher, and spiritual mystic;
“The only thing that burns in hell is the part of you that won't let go of your life: your memories, your attachments. They burn them all away, but they're not punishing you, they're freeing your soul. If you're frightened of dying and you're holding on, you'll see devils tearing your life away. If you've made your peace, then the devils are really angels freeing you from the earth.”
— Meister Eckhart (c.1310), Speech 5b DW I + Speech 30 DW II + On Detachment DW V; paraphrased by Bruce Rubin (1990) in film Jacob’s Ladder
Characterized as a successor (Ѻ), with Nicholas of Cusa, of John Eriugena; influenced: Schopenhauer and Tom Harper; first-slating: 145|#664 (2018);
||145||Gunter Grass (1927-2015)||(SPE 2014:42) (CR:27) Writer; noted for his 1959 The Tin Drum, wherein Oskar, central character, rips out pages from Goethe’s 1809 Elective Affinities, and a book on women by Rasputin, shuffles them together, and uses them for "guidance" in the world.||M||German|
|85||(Murray 4000:15|E) Geologist, zoologist, and botanist; noted for work on glaciation deposits around Wisconsin; for founding the Journal of Geology (1893); for his 1890 article “The Method of Multiple Working Hypotheses”, arguing that sometimes following multiple hypotheses are better than one, which later became in inspiration behind John Platt's “strong inference” (1964) model of scientific inquiry; first-slate: 145|#856 (Dec 2020).||M||American|
|[RGM:642|1,350+] (RMS:103) (CR:5) Literature professor, comparative religion and mythology scholar;
“History, Joseph Campbell argued, is completely silent (see: silent historians problem) on Jesus Christ. The only sources on Jesus are the Pauline Epistles and the Four Gospels of the New Testament. Having eliminated them as having no historical or evidential value, all that remained were alleged references to Jesus by Jewish and pagan writers, upon whom "religious apologists" rely to make their case for the historical Jesus. They are from the writings of the Jewish historian Josephus, and from the three Roman writers Tacitus, Pliny the Younger, and Suetonius. None, he argued, could withstand critical testing.” — Bryan Beau (2005), The Atheist Madalyn Murray O’Hair (pg. 213) Popularly known as the world’s most famous mythologist; 112-candidate; first-slating: 145|#730 (Nov 2020).
|90||Becker 160:70|4L) Botanist, cytogeneticist, and scientist;
Noted for her 1940s work on maize chromosomes, wherein she developed the theory of genetic recombination by crossing-over during meiosis, and also “transposition”, that DNA sequences can change position within a genome; in 2005, she one of four US scientific genius stamp series, along with Gibbs, Neumann, and Feynman; not to be confused with Martha McClintock (1947-), eponym of the "McClintock effect"; first-slate: 145|#856 (Dec 2020).
|=145||(Cattell 1000:148) Cardinal and statesman.||M||Italian|
|65||(Murray 4000:19|E) Chemist, biologist, mineralogist and oceanographer. He is best known for his discovery of the chemical elements holmium and thulium; first-slate: 145|#858 (Dec 2020).||M||Swedish|
|[RGM:608|1,350+] (Becker 139:73|5L) (Stokes 100:58) (PEC10:7) (CR:34) Mathematician and philosopher; solve the "moral responsibility problem" via recourse to a organism-centric materialistic mechanism theory, and for his followup 1928 process theory wherein he outlines a god-based quantum based micro-panpsychist approach to mind and a micro-panvitalist approach to life, and in which he employ ‘extended’ usage of the term “organism”, to embrace the atomic and molecular aggregate of physics as well as chnopsology (biology) organisms; first-slated: IQ:145 (Nov 2020).||M||English|
|59||(Murray 4000:11|E) Physicist, geologist, and early Alpine explorer; noted for developing an improved hygrometer to measure atmospheric humidity; first-slate: 145|#860 (Dec 2020).||M||Genevan|
|93||Writer, theologian, and politico-religious scholar; expanded on Aristotle; known as the "Voltaire of Arab literature"; works include: Book of Animals, and anecdotes, poetic descriptions, and proverbs related to 350 animals; Book of Misers, wherein he ridicules greedy people, and Book of Eloquence, where he discusses the art of giving good speeches; first-slating: 145|#860 (Dec 2020).||M||Arabian|
|=145||(Cattell 1000:342) Field marshal.||M||Prussian|
|=145||(Cattell 1000:592) (CR:3) Journalist and slavery abolition activist;
“I will be as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice.” — William Garrison (c.1835) influenced Henry Thoreau and his Civil Disobedience.
|67||Murray 4000:5|E) Geologist, mineralogist, miner; promoted a theory called Neptunism, which argued all the rocks observable on earth’s surface were once precipitated out of a vast ocean that covered the entire earth (in opposition to the Plutonists or Vulcanists who argued that granite and many other rocks were of igneous origin); his 1773 On the External Characteristic of Fossils, outlined how to identify minerals based on color and physical characteristics; referred to his school of thought as “geognosy”, from geo- “earth” + - gnosy “to known”, defined similar to geology, but based on observation, as apposed to theory.; first-slate: 145|#862 (Dec 2020).||M||German|
|Politician; noted as intellectual driving force behind the passage of the 13th amendment;
“Stevens was one of the most remarkable figures in 19th century American politics. Two principles shaped Stevens's public career. One was his belief in public education. As a member of the Pennsylvania Legislature in the 1830's, Stevens was known as the “Father of the Common School” because of his efforts to prevent the retrenchment of public schooling during a state budget crisis. The second was his hatred of slavery and commitment to the equal rights of black Americans.” — Eric Foner (1976), “If You Wondered About Thaddeus Stevens” (Ѻ), The New York Times, Dec 31 portrayed powerfully by Tommy Jones in the film Lincoln (2012); see actual quotes (Ѻ) and film quotes (Ѻ); 112-candidate; first-slating:#735 (Nov 2020).
|=145||(Cattell 1000:395) Painter and engraver.||M||English|
|72||(CR:3) Poet, philosopher, and polymath;
Noted for his The Ring of the Dove (1022), which is grouped with Goethe’s 1809 Elective Affinities, Stendhal’s crystallization theory based “On Love” (1822), Ovid’s “Ars Amatoria, Andreas Capellanus’ “De Amore”, as an early treatise on the "science of love" (Perry, 1979); first-slate: 145|#864 (Dec 2020).
||145||Jan van Eyck
|=145||(Cattell 1000:244) Politician; 7th American President.||M||American|
|(Cattell 1000:694) Humanist and papal secretary; his 1417 discovery of Lucretius’ On the Nature of Things (55BC) together with Petrarch’s 1385 find of the lost Letters of Cicero (50BC) are said to have initiated the Italian renaissance; first-draft gauged at #515 (Dec, 2017).||M||Italian|
|=145||(Cattell 1000:187) [GCH:11|300+] General.||M||English|
||145||Friedrich Hayek (1899-1992)||(RGM:199|1,500+) (Gottlieb 1000:738) (GEcE:#) (CR:6) Economist and philosopher; previous Hmolpedia 2020-listed candidate (112-names); first slating: 145|#740 (Nov 2020).||M||Austrian-born English|
|=145||(Cattell 1000:389) Commander; became founder of modern Egypt.||M||Albanian|
|71||(Murray 4000:17|M) (EPD:F5) (CR:6) Surgeon and philosopher; noted for his 1902 technique for the end-to-end anastomosis of blood vessels and to describe kidney transplant in dogs; for his 1908 devised method for whole organ transplant; for his 1910 demonstration that blood vessels could be stored cold for long periods of time before being used as transplants in surgery; for his 1935 development, working with Charles Lindbergh, of the machine perfusion organ transplant technique; down-grade ↓ for his 1935 Man: the Unknown, wherein he argues for the existence of miracles and gives a non-reducible spiritual mysticism view of things, and denies the operation of second law in the domain of feelings and the mind; influenced: Mehdi Bazargan and Roger Caillois; first-slate: #|#869 (Dec 2020).||M||French-born American|
Presently, there are 103-names in the 155+ (to previous divide) range.
Presently, there are 74-names in the 150+ (to previous divide) range.
Next | Previous
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