Top 2000 geniuses and minds

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A selection of epicenter geniuses, namely: Goethe, Aristotle, Einstein, Franklin, Voltaire, Boltzmann, and their associates, who each rank in as top 2000 minds, geniuses, and intellects, as ordered via "intellectually brightness" (Cox, 1926), by real IQ, below.

In genius studies, top 2000 geniuses and minds refers to a ranked mixture of the top two-thousand supreme "geniuses", superior "intellects", biggest "minds", and newly-being-digested "thinkers", labeling-divides yet to be discerned (Hollingworth, 1938), of all time, ordered via "real IQ", on ten wiki pages.

Overview

The following is a work-in-progress meta-analysis (see: IQ key) ranking of the greatest, top, supreme, brightest, and or most-profound “geniuses”, superior intellects, and new minds of all time.[1] The seeds of the list are a mixture of the: Thims 97 (2005), Cox 300 (1926), Buzan 100 (1994), and the infamous "Thims 32" (2010), respectively, among others (see: reference list). The column shows the "real IQ" of each person; all scaled around the mean CPBT IQs.[2] The column shows all known historical IQ estimates or calculations of that person. The "D" column shows the "intellectual density" (see: IQD) of each person, which is their real IQ divided by years of existence. The "A" column shows the age when the person ceased to exist. The "G" column list the gender (male / female) of each person. The "steady" Steady.png, "up" Up.png, "down" Down.png, and "wavy" Wavy.png indicators, in each ranking #, give indication on whether they are in the process of migrating upwards, downwards, "holding steady", or in a wave, processing or "undecided" state. To make suggestion, visit either the Hmolpedia forum or the Reddit Reddit icon 2.png RealGeniuses community.

Geniuses | 1-200 | IQ:180-210

The following are minds “1-200”, of the top 2000 geniuses, intellects, and minds (compare: HM rankings; next: 201-400, 401-600, 601-800, 801-1,000, 1,001-1,200, 1,201-1,400, 1,401-1,600, 1,601-1,800, 1,801-2,000):

#
IQ R (real).jpg
Person
IQ E.jpg
D A Overview G Country
1.
Steady.jpg
210
Johann Goethe
(206-123 BE)
(1749-1832 ACM)
IQ O.png=240[3]
IQs BR.png=233

IQ MM.png=225
IQ B.png=215|#2
IQ SK.png=215|#4[4]
IQ CB.png=213[5]
IQ C.png=210|#1

IQ O.png= 210[6],
IQ SS.png=188, 200+, 210
IQ W.png=200

IQ O.png=180

2.53 82
Elective Affinities 4.jpg
(Cattell 1000:7) [RGM:41|1,350+] (Murray 4000:2|WL) (Gottlieb 1000:131) (GMG:1) (Perry 80:1|Li) [LUG:#] [LPKE:#] [TCG] (SN:1) (HD:19) (FA:56) (GA:6) (EvT:8|21+) (HFET:1) (CR:2,151) (LH:16) (TC:2,167|#1) Poly-intellect, writer, philosopher, evolutionist; founder of human chemistry, per his 1809 physico-chemical based novella Elective Affinities, wherein the four main characters, Charlotte A (as CO3.png), Edward B (as Ca.png), Captain C (as H2SO4.png), Ottilie D Goethe.png (as a newly introduced chemical), Edward and Charlotte AB Goethe.png married, i.e. bonded AB bond Goethe.png (as gypsum), shown adjacent, take place in the following double displacement human chemical reaction:
AB + CD reaction Goethe.png

during which their "passions" and competing "moralities" are brought into conflict and reconciled via governing nature of the “affinities” (or chemical forces) operating on and between each character, during the course of their physico-chemical transformation; the socially-extrapolated realization of Newton's last and final "Query 31" (1718).

M German
2.
Steady.jpg
205
Isaac Newton 75.png
Isaac Newton
(312-228 BE)
(1643-1727 ACM)
IQ O.png=250+[7]
IQ SS.png=250

IQ O.png=200
IQ CPBT.png=199
IQ B.png=195|#5
IQ CB.png=193
IQ CPB.png=192
IQ C.png=190|#7
IQ JP.png=190
IQ SK.png=190|#14[4]
IQ W.png=170

2.44 84
(Cattell 1000:4) [RGM:2|1,350+] (Murray 4000:2|CS / 1|P / 2|M) (Gottlieb 1000:6) (Becker 160:2|17L) (Stokes 100:32) (Simmons 100:1) (SIG:1) (EPD:F0) (TL:888|#2) Physicist, astronomer, chemist, mathematician, and philosopher;
“Is it not for want of an attractive virtue [no attraction] (ΔG > 0) between the parts of water (∇) and oil, of quick-silver (☿)(Hg) and antimony (♁)(Sb), of lead (♄)(Pb) and iron (♂)(Fe), that these substances do not mix; and by a weak attraction (ΔG ≈ 0), that quick-silver (☿)(Hg) and copper (♀)(Cu) mix difficultly; and from a strong one [strong attraction] (ΔG < 0), that quicksilver (☿)(Hg) and tin (♃)(Sn), antimony (♁)(Sb) and iron (♂)(Fe), water (∇) and salts, mix readily?”
— Isaac Newton (1718), “Query 31”, in: Optics

Noted for his 1671 ''Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series'', wherein, he introduced differential equations (Ѻ); for his 1686 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy; wherein he codified the three laws of motion, and proved, via mathematical means, that planets travel in ellipses owing to an “inward force of attraction between planets and the sun must decrease in inverse proportion to the square of the distance between them”, which Hooke and or Halley boasted, to Wren (c.1684), to have “solved”, albeit without proof; and for his 1704 Optics, wherein argues for a corpuscular theory of light, and in the 1718 edition attached his final “Query 31”, on the nature of chemical reactions occurring by degrees of force, which launched the science of affinity chemistry.

M English
3.
Steady.jpg
205
Einstein 75.png
Albert Einstein
(76 BE-0 AE)
(1879-1955 ACM)
IQ SS.png=240
IQs BR.png=233

IQ O.png=160, 200, 225[8]
IQ B.png=205|#4
IQ SK.png=190|#16[4]
IQ JP.png=180+

2.70 76
Relativity.gif
[RGM:6|1,350+] (Murray 4000:9|CS / 2|P) (Gottlieb 1000:17) (Becker 160:1

19L) (Stokes 100:93) (Simmons 100:2) (LGS:1) [Kanowitz 50:2] [Cropper 30:1|R] (GPE:1) (HD:52) (TL:768|#5) Physicist, astronomer, and philosopher; noted for his 1905 discovery of the equivalence of mass and energy: E=mc2.png; for his hypothesis of "light quanta" (via Planck's 1901 "energy element"); pioneer of radiation thermodynamics of relativistic thermodynamics; famous his 1915 general theory of relativity, which explained gravity as the bending of "spacetime" around all massive bodies (as shown above); via which he predicted the gravitational bending of light rays (confirmed by Eddington during the eclipse of 1919), and also predicted the existence of "gravitational waves" (detected in 2015, emanating from the inward spiral and merger of a pair of black holes of around 36 and 29 solar masses).

M German-born American
4.
Steady.jpg
205
Maxwell 75.png
James Maxwell
(124-76 BE)
(1831-1879 ACM)
IQ SK.png=185|#26[4] 4.27 48
EM-wave 4.gif
[RGM:53|1,350+] (Murray 4000:20|CS / 9|P) (Gottlieb 1000:205) (Becker 160:5|15L) (Simmons 100:12) (EPD:M8) (DN:4±) (GPE:3) (EPD:M8) (TL:498|#8) Mathematical physicist, a child prodigy, turned top ranked magnitude genius, one of the core founders of thermodynamics, noted for his 1860 development of the kinetic theory of gases, his 1862 Maxwell’s equations, describing the nature of the electromagnetic field, his 1871 Theory of Heat, his 1873 electromagnetic field theory of light, his 1875 thermodynamic surface work, among a number of other impressive accomplishments.
M Scottish
5.
Up.png

Up.png

205
Gibbs 75.png
Willard Gibbs
(116-52 BE)
(1839-1903 ACM)
IQ SK.png=180|#36[4] 3.20 64
[RGM:573|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:825) [GTE:#] [GCE:27] [GPE] [GEE] (EPD:M16) (TL:866|#3) Mechanical engineer, chemical engineer, and mathematical physicist;
“Gibbs is the greatest mind in American history. Lorentz, comparatively, is the greatest and most powerful thinker I have ever known. I never met Gibbs, but, perhaps, had I done so, I might have placed him beside Lorentz.”
— Albert Einstein (c.1925/54), aggregate quote

Central founder of chemical thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, vector analysis; first-slating: 195-220 (c.2013).

M American
6.
Wavy.png
200
Da Vinci 75.png
Leonardo Vinci
(503-436 BE)
(1452-1519 ACM)
IQ O.png=260
IQ SS.png=250

IQs BR.png=233
IQ B.png=220|#1

IQ O.png=210, 220[6]
IQ CB.png=200
IQ SK.png=195|#9[4]

IQ O.png=181[9],
IQ C.png=180|#27
IQ W.png=167

2.99 67
Da Vinci engine.jpg
(Cattell 1000:86) [RGM:1|1,350+] (Murray 4000:3|T / 4|WA) (Gottlieb 1000:9) (Becker 160:14|9L) [GEE:#] [LPKE:#] (RMS:13) (EP:4) (TL:194) Engineer, artist, technologist, polymath, physicist, astronomer, and general philosopher;
“The desire to know is natural to good men.”
— Leonardo Vinci (c.1490)

note for: blue sky problem theorist; animal heat theory, engineering, e.g. he made the first design for a piston and cylinder (see: piston) style gunpowder engine able to to lift a weight (adjacent), and therein an avowed "vacuist" (compare: avacuist); designed warfare technology, flight machines; heliocentrism advocate; did a pumpkin growing variant of Johann Helmont’s later more-popular willow growing experiment; Bible flood myth debunker; said to have utilized a "sleep formula", sleeping no more than four hours at a time, so to optimize his intellectual output: IQ of 260 (Araugo, 2017).

M Italian
7.
Up.png
200
Clausius 75.png
Rudolf Clausius
(133-67 BE)
(1822-1888 ACM)
IQ SK.png=175|#84[4] 3.03 66
Work equals force times distance (Clausius).jpg
[RGM:399|1,350+] (GS:5) (SIG:3) (TL860|#4) Mathematical physicist;
“Before Clausius, truth and error were in a confusing state of mixture, and wrong answers were confidently urged by the highest authorities.”
Willard Gibbs (1889), “Rudolf Julius Emanuel Clausius”

Noted for his The Mechanical Theory of Heat (1865), wherein, building on Euler, Lagrange, Lavoisier, Carnot, Joule, Thomson, and Rankine, he founded the science of thermodynamics.

M German
IQ 200 up.png
8.
Steady.png
195
Democritus 75.png
Democritus
(2415-2325 BE)
(c.460-370 BCM)
2.11 90
Atom gif.gif
(Cattell 1000:751) [RGM:86|1,350+] (Becker 139:79|4L) (Stokes 100:10) (FA:14) (ACR:4) (TL:296) Mathematician and philosopher;
“The material cause of all things that exist is the coming together of atoms and void. Atoms are too small to be perceived by the senses. They are eternal and have many different shapes, and they can cluster together to create things that are perceivable. Differences in shape, arrangement, and position of atoms produce different things. By aggregation they provide bulky objects that we can perceive with our sight and other senses.”
— Democritus (c.420BC), Pay (Ѻ) fragment #47

Known as the "father of atomic theory" (Leucippus is grandfather; Epicurus is son; Lucretius is grandson) and “prince of philosophers” (Laertius, 230); notably: "he mastered the whole extent of the science of his time, and that probably with greater independence and thoroughness than was the case with Aristotle" (Lange, 1865); he did the cone-cylinder, pyramid-prism proofs before Eudoxus claims of discovery (Archimedes, c.220BC); he was "the most learned man about nature of all the ancients” (Philodemus, 45BC); was the first to “deny chance” (see: anti-chance) (Simplicius, c.530); upgraded from #36 to #8 (Nov 2020), above Aristotle, per Lange, Archimedes, Philodemus, Simplicius; and per the fact that Plato tried to buy up and burn all of his books (Aristoxenus, 325BC).

M Greek
9.
Down.png
195
Aristotle 75.png
Aristotle
(2339-2277 BE)
(384-322 BCM)
IQ SS.png=250
IQ O.png=190-210

IQ Q c.png=190, 200, 200+[10]
IQ B.png=190

3.15 62 (Cattell 1000:6) [RGM:9|1,350+] (Murray 4000:3|CS / 2|B / 1|WP) (Becker 160:9|11L) (Becker 139:2|19L) (Stokes 100:9) (EPD:FM) (TL:573|#6) M Greek
10.
Up.png
195
Galileo 75.png
Galileo
(319-313 BE)
(1564-1642 ACM)
IQ SS.png=240

IQ O.png=180-200[5]
IQ C.png=185
IQ CB.png=183
IQ B.png=180

2.67 77 (Cattell 1000:46) [RGM:4|1,350+] (Murray 4000:2|CS / 5|P / 2|A) (Gottlieb 1000:4) (Becker 160:2|17L) (Stokes 100:30) (Simmons 100:7) (EP:10) [GPE:5] (GAE:2) (TL:308) M Italian
11.
Steady.png
195
Helmholtz 75.png
Hermann Helmholtz
(134-61 BE)
(1821-1894 ACM)
2.67 73 [RGM:214|1,350+] (Becker 160:121|3L) (Simmons 100:63) (TL:394|#14) M German
13.
Up.png
195
Lewis 75.png
Gilbert Lewis
(80-9 BE)
(1875-1946 ACM)
2.75 70 [RGM:489|1,350+] (FTS:6) (TL:453|#10) M American
14.
Steady.png
195
Descartes 75.png
Rene Descartes
(339-305 BE)
(1596-1650 ACM)
IQ C.png=188
IQ CB.png=178

IQ B.png=175
IQ W.png=175

3.68 53 (Cattell 1000:23) [RGM:26|1,350+] (Becker 160:37|5L) (Becker 139:3|18L) (Stokes 100:33) (TR:355) (LH:2) (TL:358) M French
15.
Wavy.png
195
Laplace 75.png
Pierre Laplace
(206-128 BE)
(1749-1827 ACM)
IQ C.png=190 2.50 77 (Cattell 1000:233) [RGM:315|1,350+] (Murray 4000:8|CS / 4|A) (Becker 160:58|4L) (Simmons 100:29) (GPE:34) (CR:203) Physicist and astronomer; M French
12.
Down.png
195
Young 75.png
Thomas Young
(182-126 BE)
(1773-1829 ACM)
IQ SK.png=185|#17[4] 3.48 55 [RGM:772|1,350+] (Murray 4000:19|P) (CR:106) M English
16.
Wavy.png
195
Euler 75.png
Leonhard Euler
(248-172 BE)
(1707-1783 ACM)
IQ SS.png=230
IQ Q c.png=190-210[11]
2.57 76 (Cattell 1000:512) [RGM:91|1,350+] (Simmons 100:35) M Swiss
19.
Up.png
195
Hooke 75.png
Robert Hooke
(320-252 BE)
(1635-1703 ACM)
IQ O.png=200+[3] 2.91 67 [RGM:372|1,350+] (EPD:F13)
“The vacuum left by fire lifts a weight.”
— Robert Hooke (1675), “A New Invention in Mechanics of Prodigious Use”
M English
17.
Steady.png
195
Voltare 75.png
Voltaire
(261-177 BE)
(1694-1778 ACM)
IQ O.png=200[8]
IQ C.png=190

IQ W.png=185

2.35 83 (Cattell 1000:4) [RGM:62|1,350+] (Murray 4000:7|WL) (Becker 139:32|9L) (Stokes 100:41) (EPD:M7) (GPhE:#) (EPD:M7) (TL:323) Philosopher, writer, encyclopedist, lay physicist; M French
18.
Wavy.png
195
Tesla 75.png
Nikola Tesla
(99-12 BE)
(1856-1943 ACM)
IQ O.png=230-310[8]
IQ O.png=140-160, 200
2.27 86 [RGM:5|1,350+] (Becker 160:10|11L) M Serbian-born American
20.
Up.png

Up.png

195
Adams 75.png
Henry Adams
(117-37 BE)
(1838-1918 ACM)
2.44 80 (RGM:675|1,350+) (GHE:1) (SN:2) (HFET:5) (CR:568) (LH:6) (TC:572|#6) Historian and physico-chemical humanities pioneer;
No one shall persuade me that I am not a phase.”
— Henry Adams (1908), “Letter to Elizabeth Cameron”, Sep 29

Noted for his physico-chemical social dynamics (1908) theory of history, a five-decade plus long effort, to apply and utilize the physical sciences, particularly chemistry, physics, and thermodynamics, employing anchor concepts such as the second law, the kinetic theory of gases, Gibbs phase rule (see: social phase), Maxwell's demon, nebular hypothesis, heat death, social gravity, social acceleration theory, etc., in the study of humans, politically, historically, and philosophically, which he viewed as human molecules (or "phases" or equilibrium states, depending), and countries, via the historical rise and fall change perspective; Adams had convinced himself, at the age of 70, that he was a “point” (or phase) on a social three-dimensional physico-chemical thermodynamics surface (aka social phase diagram), as can be visualized on Maxwell’s 1874 “thermodynamic surface” (Ѻ), which he made as a gift for Gibbs.

M American
IQ 195 up.png
21.
Wavy.png
190
Pareto 75.png
Vilfredo Pareto
(107-32 BE)
(1848-1923 ACM)
2.53 75 [RGM:475|1,350+] [CR:282|#24] M French-born Italian
22.
Steady.png
190
Gauss 75.png
Carl Gauss
(178-100 BE)
(1777-1855 ACM)
IQ O.png=250+[12]IQ SS.png=240
IQ O.png=200±[12]

IQ JP.png=180+

2.47 77 (Cattell 1000:848) (Becker 160:60|4L) (Simmons 100:41) [RGM:11|1,350+] M German
23.
Up.png
190
Lagrange 75.png
Joseph Lagrange
(219-142 BE)
(1736-1813 ACM)
IQ C.png=185 2.47 77 [RGM:41|1,350+] (Becker 160:109|3L) M French
24.
Down.png
190
Leibnitz 75.png
Gottfried Leibniz
(309-239 BE)
(1646-1716 ACM)
IQ C.png=205
IQ W.png=200

IQ CB.png=194
IQ B.png=182

2.71 70 [RGM:675|1,350+] (Becker 160:79|3L) (Becker 139:18|13L) (Stokes 100:37) M German
25.
Wavy.png
190
Empedocles 75.png
Empedocles
(2450-2390 BE)
(495-435 BCM)
3.17 60 [RGM:432|1,350+] [CR:288|#24] M Greek
26.
Steady.png
190
Carnot 75.png
Sadi Carnot
(159-123 BE)
(1796-1832 ACM)
5.28 36 [RGM:793|1,350+] (TL:441) M French
27.
Wavy.png
190
Schrodinger 75.png
Erwin Schrodinger
(86 BE-6 AE)
(1887-1961 ACM)
2.60 73 [RGM:158|1,350+] (Becker 160:44|5L) (Simmons 100:18) (HFET:11) [CR:229|#31] M Austrian
28.
Steady.png
190
Francis Bacon 75.png
Francis Bacon
(394-329 BE)
(1561-1626 ACM)
2.92 65 [RGM:96|1,350+] (Becker 160:104|2L) (Becker 139:26|11L) (Stokes 100:29) M English
29.
Steady.png
190
Boltzmann 75.png
Ludwig Boltzmann
(111-49 BE)
(1844-1906 ACM)
3.06 62
Boltzmann (flanked by Nernst and Arrhenius).png
[RGM:483|1,350+] (Simmons 100:24) [Kanowitz 50:44] [Cropper 30:1|SM] (GPE:26) (EPD:F15) (FTS:4) (TL:324) Physicist and thermodynamicist, of the Vienna school, a semi-categorized epicenter genius, one of the central founders of statistical thermodynamics, known for his derivation of the probabilistic or logarithmic description of entropy as a function of the molecular distributions of the body; for his 1886 lecture "On the the Second Law of Thermodynamics" applied to evolution; for his 1891 conjecture that energy can be divided "atomically" (which led, via Planck) to the quantum revolution.
M Austrian
32.
Up.png
190
Holbach 75.png
Baron Holbach
(232-166 BE)
(1723-1789 ACM)
2.92 65 [RGM:688|1,350+] [SN:12] (FA:74) (GAE:1) (GPhE:5) (TL:274) Atheism-explicit anti-chance based matter-and-motion philosopher, eponyms: Holbachian, Holbach’s school (Ѻ), Holbach's geometrician (forerunner to Laplace's demon); characterized as the “Newton of the atheists” (Ѻ)(V|1:45) or "the supreme materialist" (Cooper, 1976), even cited so in history of atheism documentaries, and high ranked extreme atheist; in epicenter genius categorizations, was “one member of Voltaire’s circle”, if not the leader, and who; according to Caspar Hakfoort, was one of the stepping stone pioneers of scientism, being generally known for his 1770 The System of Nature: the Laws of Moral and Physical World, referred to by some as an "Atheist’s Bible", wherein saw the universe as nothing more than matter in motion, bound by inexorable natural laws of cause and effect, in which there is “no necessity to have recourse to supernatural powers to account for the formation of things.” M German-born French
30.
Wavy.png
190
Friedrich Nietzsche 75.png
Friedrich Nietzsche
(111-55 BE)
(1844-1900 ACM)
IQ Q c.png=210[13]
IQ SS.png=180, 200+

IQ Q c.png=150, 190[13]
IQ U.png=186
IQ O.png=180

3.45 55 [RGM:39|1,350+] (Becker 139:8|17L) (Stokes 100:70) (EPD:F5) (TL:336) M German
31.
Wavy.png
190
Gassendi 75.png
Pierre Gassendi
(363-300 BE)
(1592-1655 ACM)
IQ C.png=185 3.02 63 [RGM:661|1,350+] M French
33.
Wavy.png
190
Dirac 75.png
Paul Dirac
(53 BE-29 AE)
(1902-1984 ACM)
IQ SK.png=185|#24[4] 2.31 82 [RGM:201|1,350+] (Becker 160:94|3L) (Simmons 100:20) M English-born American
34.
Up.png
190
Huygens 75.png
Christiaan Huygens
(326-260 BE)
(1629-1695 ACM)
IQ C.png=175 2.88 66 [RGM:383|1,350+] (Becker 160:55|4L) (Simmons 100:40) (EPD:M8) M Dutch
37.
Up.png
190
Guericke 75.png
Otto Guericke
(353-269 BE)
(1602-1686 ACM)
2.89 83 [RGM:99|1,350+] (EP:10) (GPE:62) (TL:195) Experimental physicist, philosopher, and diplomat, noted for [] M German
35.
Down.png
190
Jefferson 75.png
Thomas Jefferson
(212-129 BE)
(1743-1826 ACM)
IQ B.png=195
IQ CB.png=178

IQ C.png=160
IQ W.png=160
IQ S.png=160

2.29 83 [RGM:78|1,350+] M American
36.
Down.png
190
Pauling 75.png
Linus Pauling
(54 BE-43AE)
(1901-1994 ACM)
IQ JP.png=180
IQ SS.png=160, 170, 180

IQ O.png=160, 170[14]

2.04 93 [RGM:430|1,350+] (Becker 160:29|7L) (Simmons 100:16) (HFET:#) M American
38.
Steady.png
190
Ostwald 75.png
Wilhelm Ostwald
(102-23 BE)
(1853-1932 ACM)
2.44 78 [RGM:87|1,350+] (HFET:4) [CR:298|#20] M German
39.
Steady.png
190
Archimedes 75.png
Archimedes
(2242-2167 BE)
(287-212 BCM)
IQ SS.png=240
IQ JP.png=190

IQ B.png=190

2.53 75 [RGM:9|1,350+] (Becker 160:13|10L) (Simmons 100:100) M Greek
42.
Steady.png
190
Planck 75.png
Max Planck
(97-8 BE)
(1858-1947 ACM)
2.13 89 [RGM:23|1,350+] (Becker 160:20|8L) (Simmons 100:25) [CR:254|#30] M German
41.
Down.png
190
Shakespeare 75.png
William Shakespeare
(391-339 BE)
(1564-1616 ACM)
IQs BR.png=233
IQ B.png=210
3.65 52 [RGM:54|1,350+] M English
40.
Wavy.png
190
Neumann 75.png
John Neumann
(52 BE-2 AE)
(1903-1957 ACM)
IQ O.png=225[15]IQ O.png=200[16]

IQ JP.png=180

IQ O.png=180[17]

IQ O.png=163

3.58 53 [RGM:189|1,350+] (Becker 160:142|2L) (Simmons 100:51) (HFET:9) [CR:221|#32] M Hungarian-born American
43.
Wavy.png
190
Fermi 75.png
Enrico Fermi
(54-1 BE)
(1901-1954 ACM)
3.58 53 [RGM:38|1,350+] (Becker 160:45|5L) (Simmons 100:34) M Italian
44.
Down.png

Down.png

190
Hypatia 75.jpg
Hypatia
(1605-1540 BE)
(350-415 ACM)
IQ O.png=210[8]IQ O.png=200

IQ SS.png=195

IQ O.png=180
IQ O.png=170[6]

2.92 65
Astrolabe 2.png
[RGM:92|1,350+] (Becker 139:109|3L) (GFG:1) (CR:44) Philosopher, mathematician, physicist, and astronomer;
“Reserve your right to think, for even to think wrongly is better than not to think at all.”
— Hypatia (c.400), Publication

only known female universal genius, daughter of mathematical astronomer Theon, the last head of the Library of Alexander; noted for being one of the last apex intellects before humanity went into the dark ages; a fabled "last persons to know everything"; noted early irreligionist; credited with the invention of the astrolabe (adjacent); is rumored to have explained the seasonal variations of the apparent size of the sun, and conceived of elliptical orbit heliocentrism; Kepler, Bertrand Russel, and Voltaire praised her; stoned to death.

F Greco-Roman Alexandrian
IQ 190 up.png
45.
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185
Bruno 75.png
Giordano Bruno
(407-355 BE)
(1548-1600 ACM)
3.56 52 [RGM:128|1,350+] M Italian
46.
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185
Pascal 75.png
Blaise Pascal
(332-293 BE)
(1623-1662 ACM)
IQ SS.png=235
IQ C.png=195

IQ O.png=195[14]
IQ W.png=192

4.74 39 [RGM:30|1,350+] (Becker 160:38|5L) (Becker 139:50|6L) (EPD:M3) M French
47.
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185
Feynman 75.png

Richard Feynman
(37 BE-33 AE)
(1918-1988 ACM)
IQ O.png=190[18]IQ O.png=185

IQ O.png=125[19]

IQ O.png=120[20]

2.68 69 [RGM:70|1,350+] (Becker 160:98|3L) (Simmons 100:52) (TL:114) M American
49.
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185
Epicurus 75.png
Epicurus
(2296-2225 BE)
(341-270 BCM)
2.61 71 [RGM:108|1,350+] (Becker 139:39|8L) (Stokes 100:11) (TL:368|#16) M Greek
52.
Up.png
185
Thomson 75.png
William Thomson
(131-48 BE)
(1824-1907 ACM)
2.23 83 (Cattell 1000:989) [RGM:619|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:111) (Becker 160:27|7L) (Kanowitz 50:19) (Cropper 30:5|T) (GPE:47) (SIG:6) (EPD:M6) [CR:390|#14] Mathematical physicist and philosopher; M Irish-born Scottish
48.
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185
Maupertuis 75.png
Pierre Maupertuis
(257-197 BE)
(1698-1758 ACM)
3.08 60 [RGM:616|1,350+] M French
50.
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185
Spinoza 75.png
Benedict Spinoza
(323-278 BE)
(1632-1677 ACM)
IQ CB.png=175
IQ C.png=175

IQ B.png=175

4.20 44 [RGM:116|1,350+] (Becker 139:10|16L) (Stokes 100:36) (EPD:M6) M Dutch
51.
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185
Bridgman 75.png
Percy Bridgman
(73 BE-6 AE)
(1882-1961 ACM)
IQ JP.png=180
IQ EM.png=170
2.34 79 [RGM:617|1,350+] M American
53.
Down.png
185
Edison 75.png
Thomas Edison
(108-24 BE)
(1847-1931 ACM)
IQ SS.png=240
IQ B.png=195
2.20 84 [RGM:147|1,350+] (Becker 160:19|8L) M American
56.
Up.png
185
Boyle 75.png
Robert Boyle
(328-264 BE)
(1627-1691 ACM)
IQ C.png=160 2.89 64 (Cattell 1000:354) [RGM:529|1,350+] (Murray 4000:6|C) (Gottlieb 1000:142) (Becker 160:39|5L) [Kanowitz 50:41] (GPE:39) (GCE:6) (EPD:M3) [CR:178] Physicist, chemistry, and natural philosopher; M Irish
55.
Up.png
185
Copernicus 75.png
Nicolaus Copernicus
(482-412 BE)
(1473-1543 ACM)
IQ B.png=185

IQ CB.png=173
IQ C.png=160
IQ T.png=100-110

2.64 70
(Cattell 1000:341) [RGM:20|1,350+] (Murray 4000:5|A) (Gottlieb 1000:18) (Becker 160:16|8L) (Stokes 100:25) (Simmons 100:10) [Kanowitz 50:15] (EPD:F3) (GPE:35) (GAE:1) [CR:136] Mathematician, astronomer, and physician;
“I am thoroughly frightened by what happened to our master, Copernicus. Although he won immortal fame among some persons, nevertheless among countless – for so large is the number of fools – he became a target of ridicule and derision. I would of course have the courage to make my thoughts public, if there were more people like you. But since there aren’t, I shall avoid this kind of activity.”
— Galileo (1596), “Letter to Johannes Kepler”

aka "next Ptolemy" (Reinhold, 1542), noted for []

M Polish
54.
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185
Euclid 75.png
Euclid
(2295-2135 BE)
(c.340-280 BCM)
IQ B.png=185 3.08 60 [RGM:13|1,350+] (Becker 160:34|5L) (Simmons 100:59) M Greek
57.
Wavy.png
185
Winiarski 75.png
Leon Winiarski
(90-40 BE)
(1865-1915 ACM)
3.70 50 [RGM:712|1,350+] (TL:181) M Polish-born Swiss
58.
Wavy.png
185
Dolloff 75.png
Norman Dolloff
(48 BE-29 AE)
(1907-1984 ACM)
2.40 77 (SN:5|55+) (EvT:21|21+) (CR:41) Metallurgical engineering geologist; noted for his Heat Death and the Phoenix (1975), wherein he gives the following "organism synthesis equation":
Dolloff organism synthesis equation.png

He is classified as the transition point mindset of someone grappling to switch from the entropy "order/disorder" model of everything to the "free energy" model of everything; all done in the framework of explicit atheism.

M American
60.
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185
Shelley 75.png
Percy Shelley
(163-133 BE)
(1792-1822 ACM)
IQ O.png=185+
IQ T.png=165
6.17 30 [RGM:562|1,350+] (Nelson 19:12) M English
59.
Wavy.png
185
Schopenhauer 75.png
Arthur Schopenhauer
(167-95 BE)
(1788-1860 ACM)
IQ EM.png=170 2.57 72 [RGM:98|1,350+] (Becker 139:21|12L) (Stokes 100:49) [CR:259|#29] M German
61.
Wavy.png
185
Beeckman 75.png
Isaac Beeckman
(367-318 BE)
(1588-1637 ACM)
3.78 49 M Dutch
62.
Down.png
185
Erasmus 75.png
Desiderius Erasmus
(489-418 BE)
(1466-1537 ACM)
IQ C.png=180

IQ CB.png=178
IQ B.png=175

2.68 69 [RGM:82|1,350+] (Becker 139:114|3L) (Stokes 100:27) M Dutch
63.
Steady.png
185
Hero 75.png
Hero
(1945-1885 BE)
(c.10-70 ACM)
3.08 60 [RGM:379|1,350+] M Greek
64.
Wavy.png
185
Turing 75.png
Alan Turing
(43-1 BE)
(1912-1954 ACM)
IQ O.png=190[21]IQ O.png=180[21] 4.40 42 [RGM:12|1,350+] (Becker 160:97|3L) (Stokes 100:96) M English
65.
Down.png
185
Schiller 75.png
Friedrich Schiller
(196-150 BE)
(1759-1805 ACM)
IQ C.png=165 4.02 46 [RGM:37|1,350+] (Stokes 100:46) M German
66.
Wavy.png
185
Davy 75.png
Humphry Davy
(177-126 BE)
(1778-1829 ACM)
IQ C.png=165 3.63 51 [RGM:530|1,350+] (Becker 160:114|3L) (Nelson 19:16) M English
67.
Steady.png
185
Sales 75.png
Jean Sales
(214-139 BE)
(1741-1816 ACM)
2.47 75 [RGM:670|1,350+] M French
68.
Steady.png
185
Massey 75.png
Gerald Massey
(127-48 BE)
(1828-1907 ACM)
2.34 79 M English
69.
Steady.png
185
Mill 75.png
John Mill
(149-82 BE)
(1806-1873 ACM)
IQ O.png=200[8]
IQ EM.png=190
IQ B.png=185

IQ CB.png=183
IQ C.png=18

2.80 66 [RGM:149|1,350+] (Becker 139:16|14L) (Stokes 100:54) M English
70.
Steady.png
185
Freud 75.png
Sigmund Freud
(99-16 BE)
(1856-1939 ACM)
IQ JP.png=180
IQ O.png=156[9]
2.23 83 [RGM:131|1,350+] (Murray 4000:18|M) (Gottlieb 1000:15) (Becker 160:43|5L) (Becker 139:119|3L) (Stokes 100:66) (Simmons 100:6) (Bloom 100:19) (Scott 50:11) (HFET:3) [HD:51] (FA:122) (GA:13) (RMS:75) (GPhE:32) (GSE:#) [CR:337|#17] (CR:301) (LH:4) (TL:306|#21) Psychoanalyst and philosopher; M Austrian
72.
Up.png
185
Lotka 75.png
Alfred Lotka
(75-6 BE)
(1880-1949 ACM)
2.68 69 [RGM:627|1,350+] M Austrian-born American
71.
Wavy.png
185
Comte 75.png
Auguste Comte
(157-98 BE)
(1798-1857 ACM)
IQ C.png=185 3.19 59 [RGM:890|1,350+] (Becker 139:45|7L) (Stokes 100:55) M French
73.
Steady.png
185
Ctesibius
(2240-2177 BE)
(c.285-222 BCM)
2.94 63 [RGM:631|1,350+] M Greek
74.
Wavy.png
185
Hobbes 75.png
Thomas Hobbes
(367-276 BE)
(1588-1679 ACM)
IQ C.png=165 2.03 91 [RGM:134|1,350+] (Becker 139:5|17L) (Stokes 100:31) M English
75.
Down.png
185
Kant 75.png
Immanuel Kant
(231-151 BE)
(1724-1804 ACM)
IQ O.png=250+[7]
IQ C.png=175
2.34 79 [RGM:51|1,350+] (Becker 139:4|18L) (Stokes 100:45) [CR:217|#35] M German
76.
Wavy.png
185
Gilbert 75.png
William Gilbert
(411-352 BE)
(1544-1603 ACM)
3.14 59 [RGM:641|1,350+] (Becker 160:77|3L) M English
77.
Steady.png
185
Boscovich 75.png
Roger Boscovich
(244-168 BE)
(1711-1787 ACM)
2.47 75 [RGM:664|1,350+] M Croatian
78.
Down.png

Down.png

185
Swedenborg 75.png
Emanuel Swedenborg
(267-183 BE)
(1688-1772 ACM)
IQ G.png=210[8]
IQ O.png=205[22]
IQ C.png=165
2.20 84 [RGM:137|1,350+] M Swedish
79.
Up.png
185
Heraclitus 75.png
Heraclitus
(2490-2405 BE)
(c.535-450 BCM)
2.18 85 [RGM:260|1,350+] (Becker 139:41|7L) (Stokes 100:4) M Greek
80.
Down.png

Down.png

185
Grotius 75.png
Hugo Grotius
(372-310 BE)
(1583-1645 ACM)
IQ C.png=200
IQ W.png=197
2.98 62 [RGM:208|1,350+] M Dutch
81.
Down.png
185
Bose 75.png
Satyendra Bose
(61 BE-19 AE)
(1894-1974 ACM)
2.31 80
Bose-Einstein condensate.png
[RGM:855|1,350+] (LGS:1) (CR:11) Mathematical physicist; pronounced: “Shoot-ing-dra Bowce” (Ѻ); noted for his 1919 proof that Planck’s theory of heat radiation could be deduced from Albert Einstein’s theory of photons, for his 1925 prediction, with Einstein, of Bose-Einstein condensate (adjacent), confirmed in 1995; and for his general Bose-Einstein statistics, which bosons obey; mean genius comparison IQ of 187; a top 500 missing genius candidate. (Ѻ)
M Indian
82.
Wavy.png

Down.png

185
Majorana 75.png
Ettore Majorana
(49-17 BE)
(1906-1938 ACM)
5.78 32 [RGM:349|1,350+] M Italian
83.
Down.png
185
Schelling 75.png
Friedrich Schelling
(180-101 BE)
(1775-1854 ACM)
IQ C.png=190 2.34 79 [RGM:208|1,350+] (Becker 139:117|3L) (Stokes 100:47) M German
84.
Wavy.png
185
D'Alembert 75.png
Jean d'Alembert
(238-172 BE)
(1717-1783 ACM)
IQ C.png=185 2.85 65 [RGM:88|1,350+] (EPD:F12) M French
IQ 185 up.png
85.
Up.png
180
Pythagoras 75.png
Pythagoras
(2525-2445 BE)
(c.570-490 BCM)
2.25 80 [RGM:7|1,350+] (Becker 160:50|4L) (Becker 139:78|4L) (Stokes 100:2) M Greek
86.
Up.png

Up.png

180
Lucretius 75.png
Lucretius
(2054-2010 BE)
(99-55 BCM)
4.09 44 [RGM:612|1,350+] (Becker 139:106|3L) (Simmons 100:73) [CR:285|#26] M Greek
87.
Steady.png
180
Rankine 75.png
William Rankine
(135-83 BE)
(1820-1872 ACM)
3.46 52 [RGM:679|1,350+] (HFET:2) M Scottish
88.
Wavy.png
180
Bohr 75.png
Niels Bohr
(70 BE-7 AE)
(1885-1962 ACM)
2.34 77 [RGM:32|1,350+] (Becker 160:11|11L) (Simmons 100:3) M Danish
89.
Down.png
180
Heisenberg 75.png
Werner Heisenberg
(54 BE-21 AE)
(1901-1976 ACM)
IQ B.png=173 2.43 74 [RGM:36|1,350+] (Becker 160:46|5L) (Simmons 100:15) M German
90.
Steady.png
180
Kepler 75.png
Johannes Kepler
(384-325 BE)
(1571-1630 ACM)
IQ C.png=175 3.10 58 [RGM:36|1,350+] (Becker 160:25|7L) (Simmons 100:9) M German
91.
Up.png

Up.png
Up.png

180
Thales 75.png
Thales
(2579-2501 BE)
(c.624-546 BCM)
2.31 78 [RGM:14|1,350+] (Becker 139:96|3L) (Stokes 100:1) M Greek
92.
Up.png
180
Sherrington 75.png
Charles Sherrington
(98-3 BE)
(1857-1952 ACM)
1.91 94 [RGM:733|1,350+] (Simmons 100:66) (HFET:7) (TL:138|#70) Physiologist, neurologist, and philosopher; M English
93.
Up.png
180
Lavoisier 75.png
Antoine Lavoisier
(212-161 BE)
(1743-1794 ACM)
IQ C.png=170 3.60 50 (Cattell 1000:393) [RGM:160|1,350+] (Murray 4000:5|CS / 1|C) (Gottlieb 1000:67) (Becker 160:17) (Simmons 100:8) (Partington 50:5) (EPD:M5) (GCE:2) (TL:179) Physical chemist; M French
94.
Steady.png
180
Machiavelli 75.png
Niccolo Machiavelli
(486-428 BE)
(1469-1527 ACM)
IQ B.png=165 3.10 58 [RGM:68|1,350+] (Becker 139:29|10L) (Stokes 100:26) M Italian
95.
Wavy.png
180
Mehdi Bazargan 75.png
Mehdi Bazargan
(48 BE-40 AE)
(1907-1995 ACM)
2.05 88 (SN:14) (CR:80) Mechanical engineer, thermodynamicist, philosopher and 75th prime minister of Iran (1979);
“There is no denying that the ‘heat of love’, puts many obstacles in its path. It melts it, and it creates a wonderful ‘buzz’ in its owner. Literary and artistic masterpieces and how many military conquest and political successes below the ‘flames of love’ have been achieved.”
— Mehdi Bazargan (1956), Thermodynamics of Humans (pg. 9)

Noted for his 1956 treatise Thermodynamics of Humans, written during a five-month prison spell (see: genius hiatus effect), for political opposition, in which he attempted to explain the work ethic of the individual in the context of the Islamic teachings and the view that systems, physical or social, evolve towards equilibrium as quantified by a minimum of free energy; first-slating: #95 (Nov 2020).

M Iranian
96.
Steady.png
180
Faraday 75.png
Michael Faraday
(164-88 BE)
(1791-1867 ACM)
IQ SS.png=230
IQ B.png=180

IQ CB.png=175
IQ C.png=170

2.40 75 [RGM:18|1,350+] (Becker 160:6|14L) (Simmons 100:11) M English
97.
Steady.png
180
Roger Bacon 75.png
Roger Bacon
(741-661 BE)
(1214-1294 ACM)
2.25 80 [RGM:537|1,350+] (Nelson 19:1) M English
98.
Wavy.png
180
Plato 75.png
Plato
(2378-2303 BE)
(c.423-348 BCM)
IQ SS.png=225
IQ B.png=180
2.40 75 [RGM:16|1,350+] (Becker 139:1|19L) (Stokes 100:8) [CR:301|#21] M Greek
99.
Down.png

Down.png

180
Strutt 75.png
John Strutt
(113-36 BE)

(1842-1919 ACM)

2.37 76 [RGM:684|1,350+] M English
100.
Wavy.png

Down.png

180
Hawking 75.png
Stephen Hawking
(13 BE-64 AE)
(1942-2018 ACM)
IQ O.png=280[23]IQ MT.png=200-250[24]

IQ MT.png=245[24]
IQ SS.png=205
IQ B.png=180

IQ O.png=169[9]

IQ O.png=160

2.37 76 [RGM:65|1,350+] (Becker 160:12|11L) (Simmons 100:54) (CR:144) (LH:4) Astrophysicist; noted for his 1965 PhD thesis, stimulated by research of mathematician Rodger Penrose, and based on Albert Einstein’s 1914 general theory of relativity, which argued that if a star can collapse inwards to form a singularity, coined a “black hole” in 1967 by American physicist John Wheeler, then so to can a singularity explode back outward; thus giving an explanation for the big bang. Hawking is also noted for his 1996 Illustrated: A Brief History of Time, wherein he gives an "entropy of mind" diagram, which he says changes in respect to doing things such as reading a book. Hawking is a key figure in the development of the subject of black hole thermodynamics; and later came out as advocating atheism. M English
101.
Steady.png
180
Strato 75.png
Strato
(c.335-269 BCM)
2.73 66 M Greek
102.
Up.png
180
Henderson 75.png
Lawrence Henderson
(77-13 BE)
(1878-1942 ACM)
2.86 63
(SN:8) (EvT:19|21+) (CR:250) Physiologist, physico-chemical sociologist, and anti-chance philosopher;
“Matter and energy have an original property, assuredly not by chance, which organizes the universe in space and time.”
— Lawrence Henderson (1913), The Fitness of the Environment

Ran the Harvard Pareto circle; used a synthesis of Willard Gibbs and Vilfredo Pareto for his pioneering "Sociology 23" course, wherein he employed a "box-spring model" of individuals, bound in a society, pictured, to usurp "causality" with "change of state"; the last great theory of all thing theorists or thing philosophers (following Henry Adams).

M American
103.
Steady.png
180
Cicero 75.png
Cicero
(106-43 BCM)
2.86 63 [RGM:101|1,350+] (Becker 139:105|3L) (Stokes 100:13) M Roman
104.
Steady.png
180
Tolstoy 75.png
Leo Tolstoy
(127-45 BE)
(1828-1910 ACM)
IQ O.png=185[25] 2.20 82 [RGM:75|1,350+] (EPD:M2F9) M Russian
105.
Steady.png
180
Russell 75.png
Bertrand Russell
(83 BE-15 AE)
(1872-1970 ACM)
IQ O.png=180+[26]
IQ JP.png=180
IQ AE.png=180

IQ PP.png=147

1.86 97 (RGM:100|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:593) (Murray 4000:17|WP) (Becker 139:23) (Listal 100:24) (Stokes 100:77) (EPD:M2F4) (HD:51) (FA:117) (GAE:21) (RGA:10|370+) (GPhE:#) (TL:174) M English
106.
Steady.png
180
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) .png
Charles Darwin
(146-73 BE)
(1809-1882 ACM)
IQ JP.png=180
IQ CPBT.png=175
IQ CPB.png=173

IQ B.png=173
IQ CB.png=169
IQ C.png=165
IQ W.png=160

2.47 73 [RGM:44|1,350+] (Becker 160:7|14L) (Stokes 100:56) (Simmons 100:4) (EPD:M8) [CR:514|#8] M English
107.
Steady.png
180
Napoleon Bonaparte 75.png
Napoleon Bonaparte
(186-134 BE)
(1769-1821 ACM)
IQ U.png=186

IQ B.png=180

IQ CB.png=163
IQ C.png=145
IQ W.png=142

3.46 52 (Cattell 1000:1) [RGM:154|1,350+] (EPD:F15) (HD:20) (FA:67) (CR:163) (LH:4) (TL:167) M French
108.
Steady.png
180
Pope 75.png
Alexander Pope
(1688-1744 ACM)
IQ C.png=180 3.21 56 M English
109.
Up.png
180
Lorentz 75.png
Hendrik Lorentz
(1853-1928 ACM)
2.43 74 [RGM:597|1,350+] M Dutch
110.
Wavy.png
180
Buchner 75.png
Ludwig Buchner
(1824-1899 ACM)
2.40 75 M German
111.
Up.png
180
Edwin Wilson 75.png
Edwin Wilson
(76 BE-9 AE
(1879-1964 ACM)
2.12 85 (SN:9) (CR:71) Mathematician, physical economist, and general "polymath" (Weintraub, 1991), whose interests spanned mathematics, physics, statistics, economics, astronomy, and biology; sole protege of Gibbs; taught a physical chemistry based "mathematical economics" course at Harvard (1934 to 1940); Samuelson to use Gibbs "equation 133":
Equation 133.png

to model economic stability; first-slating: 180|#110 (Nov 2020).

M American
112.
Steady.png
180
Hume 75.png
David Hume
(244-179 BE)
(1711-1776 ACM)
IQ C.png=180 2.77 65 [RGM:112|1,350+] (Becker 139:7|17L) (Stokes 100:39) (EPD:F2) M Scottish
113.
Steady.png
180
Heraclides
(387-312BC)
2.40 75
Rotating earth.gif
Philosopher and astronomer; proposed that the earth rotates on its axis (compare: Ecphantus (c.500BC)); posited that the soul was light; did battle with Aristotle, supposedly, on the question whether the universe is finite or infinite; and is rumored, according to Simplicius (c.590AD), to have formulated heliocentrism (or at least the precursor model to what Aristarchus (c.240BC) (IQ:175|#244) put into book form); first draft slated at 180|#115, a grade above Aristarchus.
M Greek
114.
Up.png
180
William Hamilton (1805-1865) 75.png
William Hamilton

(1805-1865)

(Becker 160:118|3L) (GME:27) [CR:61] Mathematical physicist; noted for his 1834 On a General Method in Dynamics, wherein develops a “characteristic function” or “force function”, later employed by Clausius in his “Mathematical Introduction” to his On the Mechanical Theory of Heat; eponym of the Hamiltonian (compare: Lagrangian and Gibbsian); not to be confused with the metaphysical philosopher William Hamilton (IQ:170|#388); 112-candidate; first-slating:#114 (Nov 2020). M Irish
115.
Steady.png
180
Bentham 75.png
Jeremy Bentham
(1748-1832)
IQ C.png=180 2.14 84 [RGM:727|1,350+] (Becker 139:33|9L) (Stokes 100:53) M English
116.
Steady.png
180
Milton 75.png
John Milton
(1608-1674)
IQ C.png=180

IQ CB.png=177
IQ B.png=173

2.77 65 [RGM:254|1,350+] M English
117.
Wavy.png
180
Riemann 75.png
Bernhard Riemann
(1826-1866)
4.62 39 [RGM:201|1,350+] (Becker 160:125|3L) M German
118.
Steady.png
180
Michelangelo 75.png
Michelangelo
(1475-1564)
IQ C.png=180

IQ CB.png=178
IQ B.png=175

2.05 88 [RGM:15|1,350+] M Italian
119.
Steady.png
180
Anaximander 75.png
Anaximander
(c.610-546BC)
3.91 46 [RGM:368|1,350+] M Greek
120.
Wavy.png
180
Chatelet 75.png
Emilie Chatelet
(1706-1749)
4.18 43 [RGM:783|1,350+] F French
121.
Wavy.png
180
Curie 75.png
Marie Curie
(88-21 BE)
(1867-1934 ACM)
IQ SS.png=205
IQ O.png=200[8]
IQ B.png=180
2.73 66 [RGM:17|1,350+] (Becker 160:4|17L) (Simmons 100:26) (EPD:M10) F Polish-born French
122.
Steady.png
180
Magnus 75.png
Albertus Magnus
(1205-1280)
2.40 75 M German
123.
Wavy.png
180
Teilhard 75.png
Pierre Teilhard
(1881-1955)
2.47 73 M French
124.
Steady.png
180
Dostoyevsky 75.png
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
(134-74 BE)
(1821-1881 ACM)
IQ SS.png=215 3.05 59 [RGM:49|1,350+] (EPD:M15) M Russian
125.
Up.png
180
Marcus Aurelius 75.png
Marcus Aurelius
(1834-1775 BE)
(121-180 ACM)
3.10 58 [RGM:81|1,350+] (Becker 139:42|7L) (Stokes 100:16) (EPD:F3) M Roman
126.
Steady.png
180
Marx 75.png
Karl Marx
(1818-1883)
IQ O.png=140-160[27] 2.81 64 [RGM:359|1,350+] (Becker 139:12|15L) (Stokes 100:63) M German
127.
Steady.png
180
Leucippus
(2455-2390 BE)
(c.500-435 BCM)
2.77 65 [RGM:17|1,350+] [CR:214|#33] M Greek
128.
Wavy.png
180
Parmenides 75.png
Parmenides
(510-440BC)
2.58 70 [RGM:330|1,350+] (Becker 139:38|8L) (Stokes 100:5) M Greek
129.
Wavy.png
180
Sarpi 75.png
Paolo Sarpi
(1552-1623)
IQ C.png=195
IQ W.png=187
2.54 71 M Italian
130.
Steady.png
180
Haber 75.png
Fritz Haber
(87-21 BE)
(1868-1934 ACM)
2.77 65
Haber process.png
(Becker 160:92) (GCE:30) (EPD:M3W) (CR:62) Physical chemist;

"Haber’s Thermodynamics of Technical Gas Phase Reactions [1905] is the most important contribution to the subject of predicting the course of a chemical reaction from a few characteristic constants of the reacting substances, after the ill-starred attempt of Berthelot.”

— Arthur Lamb (1907), “Translators Preface”

Noted for his 1905 Thermodynamics of Technical Gas Phase Reactions, wherein he pioneered some of the precursory work to free energy tables; for his 1907 achievement of ammonia synthesis, which provided a long-sought fertilizer component for crops.

M German
131.
Wavy.png
180
Avicenna 75.png
Avicenna
(980-1037)
3.16 57 [RGM:159|1,350+] (Becker 160:31|6L) (Becker 139:31|9L) M Persian
132.
Wavy.png
180
Heaviside 75.png
Oliver Heaviside
(1850-1925)
2.43 74 M English
133.
Down.png
180
Doyle 75.png
Arthur Doyle
(1859-1930)
IQ B.png=182 2.61 69 [RGM:581|1,350+] M English
134.
Wavy.png
180
Anaxagoras
(2455-2383 BE)

(500-428 BCM)

2.50 72
Anaxagoras sun model.jpg
(Cattell 1000:703) (ACR:4) (FA:7) (EvT:4|21+) (CR:51) Philosopher, physicist, astronomer; teacher of Socrates; held the view, based on the examination of fallen meteors, that the sun was NOT a "god", but rather a hot or fiery stone (was imprisoned for this); moon light was reflected sunlight; postulated the existence of the element “aether”, which he conceived of as being in constant rotation and carried with it the celestial bodies; added at 180|#131 (c.2018).
M Greek
135.
Wavy.png
180
Augustine 75.png
Augustine
(354-430)
IQ O.png=180[28] 2.40 75 [RGM:251|1,350+] (Becker 139:15|14L) (Stokes 100:19) (AT:1|D) M Roman
136.
Steady.png
180
Byron 75.png
George Byron
(1788-1824)
IQ C.png=180 5.00 36 [RGM:1,037|1,350+] M English
137.
Steady.png
180
Bell 75.png
Alexander Bell
(1847-1922)
IQ B.png=180 2.40 75 [RGM:45|1,350+] (Becker 160:54|4L) M Scottish-born Canadian
138.
Up.png
180
Montaigne 75.png
Michel Montaigne
(1533-1592)
IQ C.png=165 3.05 59 [RGM:145|1,350+] M French
139.
Steady.png
180
Harvey 75.png
William Harvey
(1578-1657)
IQ C.png=180 2.28 79
Heart models.jpg
(Cattell 1000:227) [RGM:540|1,350+] (Murray 4000:7|B) (Becker 160:52|4L) (Simmons 100:38) (Hart 100:49) (Glenn 20:4) (CR:22) Physician;
“Whatever the power be that creates such an animal out of an egg, that it is either the soul, or part of the soul, or something having a soul, or something existing previous to, and more excellent than the soul, operating with intelligence and foresight.”
— William Harvey (c.1630), commentary on the source of the chick embryo

Overthrew the previous “open-ended” blood circulation models of Erasistratus, Galen, and Colombo, with a “closed-circulatory” system. (Ѻ); speculated on soul as "power" that makes an animal out of an egg; speculated on the origin of life.

M English
140.
Down.png
180
Rossini 75.png
Frederick Rossini (56 BE-35 AE)
(1899-1990 ACM)
1.98 91 M American
141.
Up.png
180
Paine 75.png
Thomas Paine
(218-146 BE)
(1737-1809 ACM)
2.50 72 (Cattell 1000:583) [RGM:220|1,350+] (Becker 139:91|4L) (Stokes 100:52) (RMS:24) (HD:15) (FA:44) (GA:28) (AFF:6) (CR:105) Political activist, philosopher, irreligionist, free thinker, and revolutionist;
“I can still remember the flash of enlightenment that shone from its pages.”
— Thomas Edison (c.1915), reflection on Paine’s [1794] Age of Reason

His The Age of Reason (1794), is the most-widely cited “atheist’s bible”, historically; his is Common Sense (1776) pamphlet, selling some 500,000 copies in the mid 1770s, became the "biggest seller per capita in American publishing history and almost single-handedly sparked the [American] revolution" (Smith, 2013); inspiration behind the BCM/ACM dating system (1802); George Washington carried his books into battle; befriended by: Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe; first-slated at 175|#225 (May 2017); upgraded to #139 per Edison genius recognizes genius quote (Jun 2017).

M English-born American
142.
Wavy.png
180
Carey 75.png
Henry Carey
(1793-1879)
2.09 86 (SN:10) (CR:106) Physical science based sociologist and economist;
“The laws which govern matter in all its forms, whether that of coal, clay, iron, pebble stones, trees, oxen, horses, or men, are the same; man is the molecule of society; and social interaction operates under the great law of molecular gravitation.”
— Henry Carey (1858), The Principles of Social Science (pg. 62); cited by Pitirim Sorokin (1928) in Contemporary Sociological Theories (pg. 13)

known as the ‘Newton of social science’ (see: social Newton), noted for his three-volume 1858 The Principles of Social Science, wherein he uses of physics and chemistry in sociological theory, e.g. his ‘law of molecular gravitation’ which he says accounts the aggregation of people in larger cities, among numerous other theories, e.g. "friction" resulting from the "rubbing together of human molecules"; first-slating: 180|#149 (Nov 2020).

M American
143.
Steady.png
180
Fourier 75.png
Joseph Fourier
(1768-1830)
2.90 62 (Becker 160:112|3L) M French
144.
Wavy.png
180
Cusa 75.png
Nicholas of Cusa
(1401-1464)
2.86 63 [RGM:394|1,350+] M German
145.
Down.png
180
Green 75.png
George Green
(1793-1841)
3.67 49 M English
146.
Steady.png
180
Ampere 75.png
Andre Ampere
(1775-1836)
2.95 61
Amps.gif
(Cattell 1000:557) [RGM:244|1,350+] (Becker 160:58|4L) [Kanowitz 50:32] (Eells 100:93) (GPE:54) (SIG:6) (CR:15) Physicist and mathematician;
“The experimental investigations by which Ampere established the laws of mechanical action between electric currents is one of the most brilliant achievements in science. The whole, theory and experiment, seems as if it had leaped, full grown and full armed, from the brain of the ‘Newton of electricity’. It is perfect in form, and unassailable in accuracy, and it is summed up in a formula from which all the phenomena may be deduced, and which must always remain the cardinal formula of electro-dynamics.”
— James Maxwell (1873), Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, Volume 2

Dubbed the “father of electrodynamics” (Heaviside, 1888); founder of electrodynamics, the study of currents and dynamical movements; a “tortured genius” who had the phrase “Tandem felix” (“Happy, at last”) engraved on his tombstone; gauged at 180-190 (c.2015).

M French
147.
Steady.png
180
Dalton 75.png
John Dalton
(1766-1844)
2.34 77 [RGM:234|1,350+] (Becker 160:15|9L) (Simmons 100:74) M English
148.
Down.png
180
Berkeley 75.png
George Berkeley
(1685-1753)
IQ C.png=190 2.69 67 [RGM:225|1,350+] (Becker 139:30|10L) (Stokes 100:44) M Irish-born English
149.
Steady.png
180
Pavlov 75.png
Ivan Pavlov
(1849-1936)
IQ B.png=180 2.09 86 [RGM:182|1,350+] (Becker 160:127|3L) M Russian
150. 180
No image 2.png
Francois Massieu
(123-59 BE)
(1832-1896 ACM)
63
Characteristic function notation table 2.jpg
(EPD:F0) (CR:26) Mining engineer, mineralogist, geologist, and mathematical physicist; noted for his 1869 "On the Characteristic Functions of Various Fluids", which was the first systematic discourse on “thermodynamic potentials” (Ѻ) applied to bodies, specifically fluid bodies; some characterize his "Massieu function" as the Legendre transform of entropy; influential to Willard Gibbs, who adopted his Greek letter nomenclature for defining the various thermodynamic functions, as show in the pictured characteristic function notation table.[29]; first-slate: 180|#150 (Dec 2020).
M French
151.
Steady.png
180
Madison 75.png
James Madison
(1751-1836)
IQ C.png=160

IQ S.png=160

2.12 85 [RGM:465|1,350+] M American
152.
Wavy.png
180
Robert Burton 75.png
Robert Burton

(1577-1640)

(CR:19) Scholar and philosopher;
“As amber attracts a straw, so does beauty admiration, which only lasts while the warmth continues. But virtue, wisdom, goodness, and real worth, like the loadstone, never lose their power.”
— Robert Burton (1621), The Anatomy of Melancholy (pg. 201)

noted for his The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621), wherein he impressively employs electricity (amber), magnetism (loadstone), and heat (warmth) logic to explain love and beauty; hung himself in the same room that Robert Hooke later stayed in as a student; influential to Henry Finck and also Goethe, possibly; 112-candidate; first-slating:#150 (Nov 2020).

M English
153.
Steady.png
180
Rousseau 75.png
Jean Rousseau
(243-177 BE)
(1712-1778 ACM)
IQ C.png=150 2.73 66 [RGM:118|1,350+] (Becker 139:10|16L) (Stokes 100:42) (EPD:M9D) M Genevan
154.
Steady.png
180
No image 2.png
Johannes Widmann

(c.1460-1498)

Widmann + and - signs.png
Mathematician; noted for his 1489 Mercantile Arithmetic, wherein the “+” and “-“ symbols first appeared in print, albeit, referred to the symbols − and + as minus and mer (Modern German mehr; "more"): "was − ist, das ist minus, und das + ist das mer", albeit in the sense of “surplus” and “deficit”; 112-candidate; first-slating:#150 (Nov 2020).
M German
155.
Steady.png
180
Coriolis 75.png
Gustave Coriolis
(1772-1843)
3.53 51
Work equals force times distance.png
(SIG:9) (CR:35) Physicist;
“Any particle moving in the northern hemisphere is deflected to the right, and any particle moving in the southern hemisphere is deflected to the left.”
— Gustave Coriolis (1835), “On the Equations of Motion of a System of Bodies”

noted for his 1829 Calculation of the Effect of Machines, wherein he introduced the formula for work as force times distance; some assert that he introduced the factor ½ in Leibniz’s 1686 vis viva for the sake of mathematical convenience (others say it was Lagrange who did this in 1811); his 1835 paper introduced the Coriolis effect, according to which explains why toilets drain (and people move) clockwise in the northern hemisphere (drive on right side of road) and counterclockwise (drive on left side of road) in the southern hemisphere; first-slating: 180|#150 (Feb 2019).

M French
156.
Up.png
180
Fernel 75.png
Jean Fernel
(1497-1558)
2.95 61 M French
157.
Wavy.png
180
Duhem 75.png
Pierre Duhem
(1861-1916)
3.27 55 (PEC10:2)[30] (CR:34) Mathematical physicist, chemical thermodynamicist, historian, and philosopher of science, characterized an "uneasy genius" (Demartres, 1892) (Ѻ); noted for his age 26 penned a “Study of the Thermodynamics Works of Willard Gibbs” (1887); gave commentary on the Condemnation of 1277; previous Hmolpedia 2020 candidate (112-names); first-slating: 180|#150 (Nov 2020). M French
158.
Steady.png
180
Franklin 75.png
Benjamin Franklin
(1706-1790)
IQ B.png=185

IQ CB.png=173
IQ C.png=160
IQ W.png=160

2.14 84 [RGM:31|1,350+] (Becker 160:54|4L) M American
159.
Up.png
180
Jacobus van't Hoff 75.png
Jacobus van't Hoff

(1852-1911)

Van't Hoff equilibrium box.png
(GCE:#) (PEC10:6)[30] (CR:81) Physical chemist; noted for his 1874 pamphlet wherein he formulated the theory of the tetrahedral carbon atom and laid the foundations of stereochemistry; his work in 1884 Studies in Chemical Dynamics, wherein he introduced the two-way reaction arrow “Two way arrows image.png” into chemistry and in which he described a new method for determining the order of a reaction using graphics, and applied the laws of thermodynamics to chemical equilibria; his 1886 van't Hoff equilibrium box (pictured), was the first to measure work of chemical reactions; he gave one of the first thermodynamical treatments of affinity (following Helmholtz, 1882), defining affinity as the maximum external work done by the chemical reaction at constant temperature and volume; first-slated: #154 (Nov 2020).
M Dutch
160.
Steady.png
180
Berzelius 75.png
Jacob Berzelius
(176-107 BE)
(1779-1848 ACM)
IQ C.png=160 2.65 68 (EPD:F4M9) M Swedish
161.
Steady.png
180
Alexander 75.png
Alexander the Great
(356-323BC)
IQ O.png=200[31]
IQ B.png=180
5.63 32 [RGM:70|1,350+] M Greek
162.
Down.png
180
Leopardi 75.png
Giacomo Leopardi
(1798-1837)
IQ C.png=185
IQ W.png=185
4.62 39 [RGM:187|1,350+] M Italian
163.
Down.png
180
Mirabeau 75.png
Honore Mirabeau
(1749-1791)
IQ C.png=185 4.29 42 M French
164.
Up.png
180
Linnaeus 75.png
Carl Linnaeus
(1707-1778)
IQ C.png=165 2.57 70 (Cattell 1000:128) [RGM:129|1,350+] (Becker 160:41|5L) (Simmons 100:76) (CR:32) M Swedish
165.
Wavy.png
180
John Bardeen 75.png
John Bardeen
(47 BE-36 AE)
(1908-1991 ACM)
2.20 82 (Becker 160:96|3L) (Simmons 100:50) (EPD:M12) M American
166.
Wavy.png
180
Hermann Minkowski 75.png
Hermann Minkowski

(1864-1909)

Spacetime.png
(GME:#) Mathematician and physicist;

“The views of space and time which I wish to lay before you have sprung from the soil of experimental physics, and therein lies their strength. They are radical. Henceforth space by itself, and time by itself, are doomed to fade away into mere shadows, and only a kind of union of the two will preserve an independent reality.” — Hermann Minkowski (1907), Publication (Ѻ) Noted for his 1907 concept of spacetime, i.e. space and time joined as one new thing, as shown by the grids adjacent, and that Einstein’s special theory of relativity could thus be understood geometrically in four dimensions, Cartesian dimensions plus space-time; mentor to Einstein; 112-candidate; first-slating:#160 (Nov 2020).

M German
167.
Steady.png
180
Condorcet 75.png
Marquis Condorcet
(212-161 BE)
(1743-1794 ACM)
IQ C.png=180 3.53 51 (EPD:F0) M French
168.
Wavy.png
180
Tukey 75.png
John Tukey
(40 BE-45 AE)
(1915-2000 ACM)
2.12 85 M American
169.
Steady.png
180
Plutarch 75.png
Plutarch
(c.46-120)
2.43 74 [RGM:421|1,350+] M Greek-born Roman
170.
Up.png
180
Froude 75.png
James Froude
(1818-1894)
2.37 76 M English
171.
Steady.png
180
Bergman 75.png
Torbern Bergman
(220-171 BE)
(1735-1784 ACM)
3.67 49 [CR:210|#34] M Swedish
172.
Steady.png
180
Rutherford 75.png
Ernest Rutherford
(1871-1937)
2.73 66 [RGM:93|1,350+] (Becker 160:21|8L) (Simmons 100:19) M New Zealand-born British
173.
Wavy.png
180
Nash 75.png
John Nash
(1928-2015)
IQ O.png=180 2.06 87 IQ real 180.png M American
174.
Wavy.png
180
Toland 75.png
John Toland
(1670-1722)
3.46 52 M Irish
175.
Steady.png
180
Joule 75.png
James Joule
(1818-1889)
2.57 70 (Becker 160:62|4L) M English
176.
Steady.png
180
Mayer 75.png
Robert Mayer
(1814-1878)
2.86 63 (Becker 160:119|3L) M German
177.
Down.png
180
Bray 75.png
Henry Bray
(1846-1922)
2.37 76
Bray question (1910).png
Priest turned physician and philosopher; noted for his 1910 The Living Universe, wherein he outlines a Goethe-Haeckel-Huxley stylized divine-causality ingrained physicochemical-monism, aka living universe theory, a book generally classified as the last intellectually-sober attempt at panbioism (the stepping-stone to abioism).
M English-born American
178.
Steady.png
180
Socrates 75.png
Socrates
(c.469-399BC)
IQ SS.png=235
IQ U.png=186
IQ B.png=160
2.57 70 [RGM:3|1,350+] (Becker 139:14|14L) (Stokes 100:7) M Greek
179.
Steady.png
180
Swift 75.png
Jonathan Swift
(1667-1745)
IQ O.png=186
IQ C.png=155
2.34 77 [RGM:326|1,350+] M Anglo-Irish
180.
Steady.png
180
Black 75.png
Joseph Black
(1728-1799)
2.54 71 (Nelson 19:15) M Scottish
181.
Wavy.png
180
Ole Romer 75.png
Ole Romer

(1644-1710)

Romer experiment.png
(CR:6) Astronomer; noted for 1675 theory that the apparent anomalies in the apparent movement of the moons of Jupiter, which depended on what season the earth was in, i.e. Jupiter at conjunction (sun between earth and Jupiter) or opposition (earth between sun and moon), could be explained by light having a finite velocity; for his 1676 calculation of the speed of light of earth orbital radius divided by 22 minutes or 220,000 km/s (as calculated later by Christiaan Huygens); and for his 1701 thermometer, fixed at the freezing point and boiling point of water, an model that later influenced Daniel Fahrenheit (c.1708); 112-candidate; first-slating:#325 (Nov 2020).
M Danish
182.
Steady.png
180
Priestley 75.png
Joseph Priestley
(1733-1804)
IQ C.png=165 2.57 70 [RGM:885|1,350+] (Becker 160:81|3L) M English
183.
Steady.png
180
Hertz 75.png
Heinrich Hertz
(1857-1894)
5.00 36 [RGM:144|1,350+] (Becker 160:67|4L) M German
184.
Steady.png
180
Gibbon 75.png
Edward Gibbon
(1737-1794)
IQ C.png=180 3.21 56 M English
185.
Steady.png
180
Geoffroy 75.png
Etienne Geoffroy
(1672-1731)
3.05 59 M French
186.
Steady.png
180
Beethoven 75.png
Ludwig Beethoven
(185-128 BE)

(1770-1827 ACM)

IQ O.png=175[32]
IQ CB.png=165
IQ C.png=165

IQ B.png=165

3.21 56 (Cattell 1000:220) [RGM:19|1,350+] (Murray 4000:1|WM) (GMG:1) (CR:8) Pianist and composer;
“His talent astonished me, but his is a totally untamed personality, and he is not entirely wrong in finding the world detestable, though this attitude does not make it more pleasant, either for himself or others … To think of teaching him would be an insolence even in one with greater insight than mine, for he has the guiding light of genius, whilst the rest of us sit in total darkness, scarcely suspecting the direction from which daylight will break upon us.”
— Johann Goethe (1811), "Commentary on his meeting with Beethoven"

Note for his 9th symphony, 5th symphony, moonlight sonata, etc.; upgraded from 170|#309 to 180|#170 (Feb 2018).

M German
187.
Steady.png
180
Fresnel 75.png
Augustin Fresnel
(1788-1827)
4.62 39
Prism 315.gif
Engineer-physicist;
“By the genius of Young and Fresnel the wave theory of light was established in a position so strong that hence forth the corpuscular hypothesis was unable to recruit any adherents among the younger men.”
— Edmund Whittaker (1987), A History of the Theory of Aether and Electricity (Ѻ)

co-founder, with Thomas Young, of the wave theory of light; 2018 missing (Ѻ) GPE candidate; first-slating: 180|#170 (Mar 2018).

M French
188.
Steady.png
180
Diderot 75.png
Denis Diderot
(1713-1784)
IQ C.png=165 2.57 70 (Becker 139:70|5L) (Stokes 100:43) M French
189.
Steady.png
180
Shaw 75.png
Bernard Shaw

(1856-1950)

IQ JP.png=165 1.91 94 M English
190.
Wavy.png
180
Poincare 75.png
Henri Poincare
(101-43 BE)
(1854-1912 ACM)
IQ O.png=35 3.10 58 [RGM:437|1,500+] [LPKE:12] (GME:9) (GPE:63) [CR:79] Mathematical physicist;
“Can satisfaction be measured? I may say that one satisfaction is greater than another, because I prefer one to the other; but I cannot say that one is two or three times greater than another … Satisfaction then is a magnitude, but not a measurable magnitude. Now is a magnitude that is not measurable therefore not amenable to mathematical theory? By no means. Temperature, for instance (at any rate before the term ‘absolute temperature’ had acquired a signification with the rise of thermodynamics), was a non-measurable magnitude. It was arbitrarily defined and measured by the expansion of mercury. It might quite as legitimately have been defined by the expansion of any other substance and measured by any function of that expansion, provided that it was a continually increasing function. Likewise, in the present case, provided that the function continually increases along with the satisfaction which it represents.”
— Henri Poincare (1905), “Letter to Leon Walras”; cited by Francis Edgeworth (1915) in “Recent Contributions to Mathematical Economics”

Known for: Poincare conjecture, relativity, thermodynamics, mathematics, economics; said to have scored at the “imbecile” level on the Binet IQ test (see: miscalculated IQ); first slated: 185-195|#40 (c.2016); down-graded: 180|#180 (Apr 2020).

M French
191. 180
Johannes van der Waals 75.png
Johannes van der Waals
(1837-1923)
85
Energy surface for CO2 (Van der Waals).jpg
(CR:28) Physical chemist;
“There can be no doubt that the name of Van der Waals will soon be among the foremost in molecular science.”
James Maxwell (1874), “Article”, Nature

noted for his 1873 On the Continuity of Gas and Liquid State[33], wherein, based on Clausius’ “On the Kind of Motion we call Heat”, he derived an equation of state for a gas-approaching-liquid state, based on experimental data, and therefrom measured molecular attraction, aka dispersion forces or van der Waals force (posited 100-years prior by Priestley), and calculated the size of molecules; one of the three chiefs of the “Dutch school” of thermodynamics, along with Van’t Hoff and Roozeboom; pictured is his energy surface for (Boerhaave Museum, Leiden); influences: Clausius, James Maxwell, Ludwig Boltzmann, and Willard Gibbs;

“I cannot covalent bond with you / These van der Waals forces, will have to do.”
Mala Radhakrishnan (2014), “Tweet”, Apr 4

Erich Muller (1998) theorized that social forces are a type of van der Waals dispersion force; Jose Aguilera (2012) likens a marriage bond to a weaker type of covalent bond and or Van der Waals interaction force; first-slate: 180|#190 (Dec 2020).

M Dutch
192.
Down.png
180
Kierkegaard 75.png
Soren Kierkegaard
(1813-1855)
4.29 42 (Becker 139:22|12L) (Stokes 100:69) M Danish
193.
Down.png
180
Melanchthon 75.png
Philipp Melanchthon

(1497-1560)

IQ C.png=190

IQ W.png=180

2.86 63 M German
194.
Down.png
180
Bossuet 75.png
Jacques Bossuet

(1627-1704)

IQ C.png=180
IQ W.png=177
2.37 76 (Cattell 1000:61) Cleric, Bishop, preacher, political philosopher, theologian, and writer; noted for his Discourse on Universal History (1681) (Ѻ), regarded by many as a “second edition” of Augustine’s City of God (426AD), which had addressed theological puzzles, such as suffering of the righteous, the existence of evil, the conflict between free will and divine omniscience, and the doctrine of original sin. (Ѻ) M French
195.
Up.png
180
Locke 75.png
John Locke

(1632-1704)

2.50 72 (Becker 139:6|17L) (Stokes 100:38) M English
196.
Wavy.png
180
Charlemagne 75.png
Charlemagne

(c.742-814)

2.50 72 M Frankish
197.
Up.png
180
Papin 75.png
Denis Papin

(1647-1712)

2.73 66 M French
198.
Steady.png
180
Kircher 75.png
Athanasius Kircher

(1602-1680)

2.31 78 M German
199.
Steady.png
180
Alexander Humboldt 75.png
Alexander Humboldt
(186-96 BE)
(1769-1859 ACM)
IQ C.png=185 2.02 89 (Cattell 1000:94) [RGM:133|1,350+] (Becker 160:113|3L) (CR:15) Geographer, naturalist, explorer, romantic philosopher;
“People often say that I’m curious about too many things at once. But can you really forbid a man from harboring a desire to know and embrace everything that surrounds him?”
— Alexander Humboldt (c.1810), Publications (Ѻ)

A fabled "last person to know everything" [34] and oft-characterized polymath; younger brother to Wilhelm Humboldt [RGM:47|1,350+]; in Jena (1797), with his brother Wilhelm, Friedrich Schiller, and Johann Goethe, the four discussed, in Goethe's own words, “all of nature from the perspectives of philosophy and science”; in c.1800, proposed that South America and Africa were both joined (see: Pangea); in his 1844 multi-volume Cosmos, he attempted to sketch out a physical description of the universe.

M Prussian
200.
Wavy.png
180
Kahn 75.png
Genghis Kahn

(c.1162-1227)

IQ B.png=180
IQ O.png=102-125[35]
2.77 65 M Mongolian

Data analysis

Of note, in the top 200 (29 Oct 2020), we have, in terms of sex: 3 females; in terms of nationality: 38 English, 32 French, 27 Germans, 22 Greeks, 16 Americans, 11 Italians, 6 Dutch, 4 Swedish, 4 Scottish, 3 Austrians, 3 Romans, 3 Russians, 3 English-born Americans, 2 Danish, 2 Irish, 2 German-born Americans, 1 Anglo-Irish, 1 Austrian-born American, 1 Croatian, 1 Frankish, 1 French-born Italian, 1 Genevan, 1 German-born French, 1 Greco-Roman Alexandrian, 1 Greek-born Roman, 1 Hungarian-born American, 1 Indian, 1 Irish-born English, 1 Irish-born Scottish, 1 Mongolian, 1 New Zealand-born English, 1 Persian, 1 Polish, 1 Polish-born French, 1 Polish-born Swiss, 1 Prussian, 1 Scottish-born Canadian, 1 Serbian-born American, 1 Swiss.

Point

A "point” is made, herein, to distinguish between “profound geniuses”, e.g. Goethe, Shelley, Gibbs, Maxwell, etc., “mundane geniuses”, e.g. Benz, Hollerith, Guttenberg, etc., and "niche geniuses", e.g. Jenkins, a recent steroid chemistry genius. Thinkers, herein, said another way, are gauged in respect to the size of the "fish" they went after. There are, in this sense, "big fish geniuses" and "little fish geniuses". In other words, while some may "think about flying", e.g. Da Vinci, others "fly", e.g. Montgolfier, some “fly us the moon”, e.g. Braun, a rare few, e.g. Aristotle, ruminate on "why" we fly (or move) in the first place, particularly in respect to the more deeply-puzzled words “love[36] and "meaning", and a few from a universal perspective.[37]

Geniuses | Higher minds

The following are the so-called "higher minds" rankings (next: 1-200, 201-400, 401-600, 601-800, 801-1,000, 1,001-1,200, 1,201-1,400, 1,401-1,600, 1,601-1,800, 1,801-2,000) of envisioned higher-then-human-intelligence conceptualized "minds", either futuristic, e.g. Hari Seldon, legendary, e.g. Faust, scientific "minds", e.g. Boscovich's "finite mine", or "demons"[38], e.g. Maxwell's demon, among newer fictional[39] geniuses, e.g. Eddie Morra, who takes "mind pills" so to tap into his James-based unrealized 90% unused mind potential (see: 10 percent myth); the majority of which being devised by actual geniuses; each character is shown with crudely-guesstimated hypothetical IQ (IQ quess.png) of such a "mind" were it to exist:

# Intellect IQ Intellect Abilities Inventor Inventor IQ Country
1.

Wavy.png

Holbach's geometrician[40]
(1770)
IQ quess.png=250 An anti-chance, atheism-explicit, atomic theory based intellect, able to understand and see all revolutions in the universe, from both the physics and moral point of view, by “exactly” knowing the “communicated forces” and “different energies acting in each case”, and therein have an understanding capacitated to rate all the action and re-action, of the minds and bodies of those who contributed to the revolution. Baron d'Holbach
(232-166 BE)
(1723-1789 ACM)
(IQ:190|#31) German-French
2.

Wavy.png

Faust 75.jpg
Faust[41][42]
(c.1520)
IQ quess.png=225 Based on the semi-legendary Johann Faust (c.1485-c.1540), who, as the legend goes, after going through all of the branches of knowledge, e.g. arts, science, theology, jurisprudence, medicine, law, philosophy, etc., in search of truth, meaning, and understanding, but finding only polemics, exegesis, dogmatism, babble, distortions, along with “shadows, vapors, follies, bound into a system”, and "vanity", seeks out the "devil" who tells him the answer to every question he asks, therein satisfying his mind, albeit in return for the sale of his soul.[43] Johann Goethe
(206-123 BE)
(1749-1832 ACM)
(IQ:210|#1) German
3.
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Nietzsche's uberman[44][45][46]

(1883)

IQ quess.png=225
IQ O.png=189+[44]

IQ O.png=180+[26]

Someone, in the future, who introduces a new value system, not tied to the “other-worldliness” of current religions, such as Christianity, but to the real “earthly-world”, who, therein, banishes nihilism, and fills the growing moral vacuum, formed in the wake of the death of belief in the existence of god (see: god is dead); moreover, someone who frees people from “speaking like children”, in employing rote phrases such as “I am body and soul”, but rather says, when “awakened and enlightened” (Thus Spoke Zarathustra, pg. 61), something akin to: “I am body entirely, and nothing beside’ and ‘soul’ is only a word for some ‘thing’ in the body”; some have claimed that Nietzsche, in his writings, alluded to the following uberman model archetypes: Socrates, Caesar, da Vinci, Michelangelo, Shakespeare, Goethe, and Napoleon (Hayes, 2002); Nietzsche, himself, in his last 1887 will to power fragments, cites: Caesar, Homer, Aristophanes, da Vinci, and Goethe, as examples of “great human beings”; Heraclitus is frequently employed in his writings; many consider Goethe as the closest Nietzsche came to naming the Ubermensch.[47] Friedrich Nietzsche
(111-55 BE)
(1844-1900 ACM)
(IQ:190|#29) German
4.
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Adams' another Newton[48]

(1910)

IQ quess.png=225 A future person, who firstly comes to define themselves as either a "phase" (see: social phase) or a "human molecule", in a physico-chemical sense, and is able to model all of human history, including interpersonal sexual relationships, and the rise and falls of civilizations, and the seeming "cause and effect" details of government, e.g. the years of Jefferson administration, via the chemical thermodynamics of Willard Gibbs, scaled up to social dynamics. Henry Adams
(117-37 BE)
(1838-1918 ACM)
(IQ:195|#19) American
5.
Down.png
Laplace's demon

(1814)

IQ quess.png=220 An intellect who knows the precise location an momentum of every atom in the universe, then, using Newton’ laws of motion, could reveal the entire course of cosmic events, past and future; a variant of Holbach's geometrician. Pierre Laplace
(206-128 BE)
(1749-1827 ACM)
(IQ:195|#14) French
6.

Wavy.png

Hawking's mind of god

(1963)

IQ quess.png= “Before we understand science, it is natural believe that god created the universe. But now science offers a more convincing explanation. What I meant [in A Brief History of Time (1988) (Ѻ)] by ‘we would know the mind of god’ is, we would know everything that god would know, if there were a god. Which there isn’t. I’m an atheist.”
— Stephen Hawking (2014), El Mundo interview, Sep 23
Stephen Hawking
(13 BE-64 AE)
(1942-2018 ACM)
(IQ:180|#99) English
7.

Wavy.png

Boscovich's finite mind

(1763)

IQ quess.png=220 A finite, brilliant, powerful “mind”, that surpasses all the powers of the human intellect, but like a “geometer can easily see thus far, that problems are determinate”, is able to use the “law of force” to measure the curves of motion of all points of matter, and therein “to foresee all the necessary subsequent motions and states, and to predict all the phenomena that necessarily followed from them”. Roger Boscovich
(244-168 BE)
(1711-1787 ACM)
(IQ:185|#77) Croatian
8.

Wavy.png

Wheeler's super-Einstein[49]

(c.1925)

IQ quess.png=215 Someone, in the future, who can unify “theoretical biology”, in respect to “emergence, the physicochemical, the organismal, the mental and the social”, applicable to both human societies and insect societies; it was posited, by Wheeler, that it will take a “few” such super-Einsteins to do the job; he might have had Lawrence Henderson in mind as a prototype or archetype. William Wheeler
(1865-1937)
American
9.
Up.png
Morpheus 75.png
Morpheus[39]

(1999)

IQ quess.png= Lana Wachowski
(1965-)

Lilly Wachowski
(1967-)

American
10.

Wavy.png

Yoda 75.png
Yoda

(1977-)

IQ quess.png=
IQ O.png=145-160[50]
George Lucas
(1944-)
American
11.
Down.png
Maxwell's demon
(1867)
IQ quess.png=215 An intelligent being that is able to "see" the speeds of atoms and molecules (in a gas), and thus separate them into slow (cold) and fast (hot) groupings, and thus circumvent or reverse the second law of thermodynamics. James Maxwell
(124-76 BE)
(1831-1879 ACM)
(IQ:205|#4) Scottish
12.

Wavy.png

Hari Seldon 75.png
Hari Seldon[51]
(1942)
IQ quess.png=215 A professor, from the far distant future, who uses the kinetic theory of gases to devise a a new science called “psychohistory”, which is able to predict the “overall behavior of human societies even though the solutions would not apply to the behavior of individual human beings”, and thereby predict the eventual fall of the Galactic Empire. Isaac Asimov
(35 BE-37 AE)
(1920-1992 ACM)
(IQ:170|#367) American
13.

Wavy.png

Fosdick's new Aristotle[48]

(1924)

IQ quess.png=215 Someone able to find or discern a "moral equivalent of war". Raymond Fosdick
(1883-1972)
American
14.

Wavy.png

Huxley's demon[38]

(c.1869)

IQ quess.png= A "sufficient intellect", with knowledge of the properties of the molecules and forces possessed by the molecules of the primitive nebulosity (see: nebular hypothesis), able to predict the state of fauna of Great Britain with as much certainty as one could predict the vapor of one’s breath on a cold winter day. Thomas Huxley

(1825-1895)

(IQ:170|#344) English
15.
Down.png
Victor Frankenstein 75.png
Victor Frankenstein
(1818)
IQ quess.png=195
IQ O.png=150[52]
A scientist, framed around the figures: Cornelius Agrippa, Paracelsus, and Albertus Magnus, partly based on Luigi Galvani's electrified twitching frog legs experiments, who is able to create "life" in the laboratory; character arose from Mary Shelley listening to Percy Shelley and George Byron debate the subject. Mary Shelley
(158-104 BE)
(1797-1851 ACM)
(IQ:175|#306) English
16.

Wavy.png

Leibniz's prophet[53]

(c.1710)

IQ quess.png= A scientific “prophet” who had a “sufficient insight into the inner parts of things, and in addition had remembrance and intelligence enough to consider all the circumstances and take them into account, he would see the future, since everything proceeds mathematically, in the present as in a mirror." Gottfried Leibniz
(309-239 BE)
(1646-1716 ACM)
(IQ:190|#23) German
17.

Wavy.png

Reed Richards 75.png
Richard Reeds[39]

(1961)

IQ quess.png=
IQ O.png=297[54]
A child prodigy, who possesses a keen scientific intellect, decades ahead of his time, whose intelligence has recently been augmented by his new powers; holds multiple doctoral level degrees in theoretical and applied physics fields. Stan Lee
(1922-2018)
American
18.

Wavy.png

Will Hunting 75.png
Will Hunting

(1997)

IQ quess.png=195
IQ O.png=210[55]
A person who is able to read books, and all subjects, e.g. math, physics, chemistry, literature, history, etc., at a rate of books per hour, and be able to remember ever word, citation, and date; loosely based on American child prodigy William Sidis (IQ:175|#314) who graduated from Harvard at age 16, whose IQ was famously over-estimated to be in the 250 to 300 range (Sperling, 1946) and to have been a prodigy equivalent to Gauss (Comstock, c.1915). Matt Damon
(1970-)
IQ O.png=160[56] American
19.

Wavy.png

Tait 75.png
Fred Tait

(1991)

IQ quess.png=185 A 7-year old child prodigy, who scores “off the charts on the Stanford-Binet IQ” test, with seemingly endless mathematical and musical abilities, who studies quantum mechanics in college; but who is “emotionally” withdrawn and observational; character thematic, in some sense, to Jody Foster, a former child prodigy, who directed the film. Scott Frank
(1960-)
American
20.
Down.png
Eddie Morra 75.png
Eddie Morra

(2001)

IQ quess.png=190
IQ O.png=1,000+
A struggling writer who, when talking a nootropic drug called NZT-48, has the ability to enabling its user to see meaningful patterns in large amounts of disparate data, thereby fully utilize the brain, after which he writes best-selling books, learn new languages, master the stock market, becomes knowledgeable about medicine, becomes a big business decision maker, etc., growing to an auto-claimed IQ of "four digits"; based on the 2001 techno-thriller novel The Dark Fields. Alan Glynn
(1960-)
Irish
21.
Steady.jpg
Chris Knight 75.png
Chris Knight

(1985)

IQ quess.png=185 A CalTech genius who invents a laser that can incinerate people from space, using a tracking device, but when he realizes its designed purpose, uses it to make a house full of popcorn; from the classic 1985 film Real Genius, where there also is the character Mitch Taylor, a new bright child prodigy, and Lazlo Hollyfeld, an old star genius, who “cracked”, but whose IQ or smartness is said to be higher than Knight and Taylor combined, but is now a recluse. Martha Coolidge
(1946-)
American
22.

Wavy.png

Sheldon Cooper 75.png
Sheldon Cooper

(2007)

IQ quess.png=185
IQ O.png=187
Lead "genius" behind the TV show The Big Bang Theory; said to have an eidetic memory who possesses an extensive general knowledge in many subjects including: physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, cosmology, algebra, calculus, differential equations, vector calculus, computers, electronics, economics, vexillology, engineering, history, geography, linguistics, Finnish, and Mandarin Chinese; modeled on Leon Cooper (1930-). Chuck Lorre
(1952-)
American

Notes

N1. Per the the original tentative 1916 Terman "genius" / " non-genius" divide, as being people with determined IQ numbers "above 140" (141, 142, 143, etc.), defined as being "genius" or "near genius"; in addition to the following clarification:

“Genius and ‘near’ genius. Intelligence tests have not been in use long enough to enable us to DEFINE genius definitely in terms of IQ.”
— Lewis Terman (1916), The Measurement of Intelligence (pg. 101) [57]

which was expanded upon when Catherine Cox, Terman's graduate student, together with Maud Merrill, selected the top 300 minds, born between 1450 and 1850, from the Cattell 1000, and "classified" all of them as being "geniuses", specifically in the book's title Early Mental Traits of 300 Geniuses, assigning 289 of them to have IQs of 140 or above (see: Cox-Terman-Merrill IQ scale); a genius IQ cutoff that was later criticized by the so-called "Hollingworth objection" (1938), namely that an IQ of 140 was "too low" a genius / non-genius divide, as it captures too much of the population, in attempts to classify what, in reality, is a VERY "rare" phenomenon, historically speaking, it may be that the "top 2000" will need to grow to a finalized two-thousand "solid" intellectually-focused names, after which we will be able to "see" where, realistically, the genius / very high intellects divide falls?

Quotes

The following are related quotes:

IQ is thought to be a measure which expresses the relative brightness or intelligence of any given individual.”
Catherine Cox (1926), The Early Mental Traits of Three Hundred Geniuses (pg. 47)
“Lestrade (Ѻ) to be let loose on such a study is exactly as pathetic as for a subnormal waitress in the IQ of 90 range to try to measure the intellectual differences in college students.”
John Platt (1962), “The Coming Generation of Genius” (pg. 73)

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References

  1. Why does Libb Thims make genius lists? (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. The real IQ of each person has been adjusted to fit realistically around the two century-plus digested Cox-Buzan-Platt-Thims IQs, namely those of Newton (IQ CPBT.png = 199) and Darwin (IQ CPBT.png = 175).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Who had the highest IQ ever? (2003) – Able2Know.org.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Kermit, Sperging. (2019). “Greatest Geniuses: Top 100”, Real Geniuses, Reddit, Feb.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Ratner, Paul. (2016). “24 of the smartest people who ever lived: the smartest humans in history are ranked” (Ѻ), BigThink.com, Sep 18.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 IQ of Famous People [WB] (2007) – AceIntelligence.com.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Locklin, Scott. (2011). ”Eudoxus of Cnidos”, WordPress, Oct 13.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 IQ:200+ (references) – (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Famous People IQ Scores (2011) - IQCertificate.org.
  10. What was Aristotle’s IQ? (2018) – Quora.
  11. What was Euler’s IQ? (2019) – Quora.
  12. 12.0 12.1 What was Gauss’s IQ? (2019) – Quora.
  13. 13.0 13.1 What is your IQ estimate for Friedrich Nietzsche? (2018) – Quora.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Norlinger, Ulf. (1998). “Estimated IQs of Some of the Greatest Geniuses” (Ѻ), Blog, Apr 21.
  15. Anon. (2016). “MBTI and IQ” (Ѻ) (an AI and Chris Langan fan), Dec 7.
  16. What would an IQ of 500 or 1000 look like? (2015) - Quora.
  17. What does an 180 IQ (SD 15) look like? (2017) – Quora.
  18. High verbal IQ and genius (Veidth, 2018) – Quora.
  19. Feynman’s IQ (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020
  20. Brotman, Barbara. (1992). “Genius at Work”, Chicago Tribune, Nov 17.
  21. 21.0 21.1 What was Alan Turing’s IQ? (2016) – Quora.
  22. IQ Scores of Famous Celebrities (2007) - kids-iq-tests.com.
  23. Groening, Matt. (1999). Simpsons (episode: “They Saved Lisa’s Brain” (Ѻ)(Ѻ)(Ѻ)) (quote: “Big deal, my IQ is 280.”). Publisher.
  24. 24.0 24.1 (a) McPherson, Stephanie. (2006) (Mensa Test score: extremely well, pg. 26). Publisher.
    (b) What is Stephen Hawking’s IQ? (2014) – Yahoo Answers.
    (c) McEvoy, Joseph P. (2009). Introducing Stephen Hawking (IQ 200-250, pg. 87). Icon Books.
  25. Tolstoy IQ (2012) (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  26. 26.0 26.1 Philosophers have the highest IQ (2003) – SciForums.com.
  27. Marx IQ vs Musk IQ? (2017) – Quora.
  28. Anon. (2008). “Higher IQs and Beliefs in God” (Ѻ), GhostPlace.com
  29. Characteristic function notation table – Hmolpedia 2020.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Philoepisteme. (2018). “10 Candidates: Already Written About” (post: #15), Hmolpedia 2020 Forum, Jul 14.
  31. Alexander the Great’s IQ (2014) – Hmolpedia 2020 forum.
  32. Not Enough Artists (2013) – Hmolpedia Forum.
  33. Van der Waals, Johannes. (1873). On the Continuity of the Gaseous and Liquid State. Dover, 2004.
  34. Last person to know everything (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  35. How smart was Genghis Kahn? (2017) – Quora.
  36. Note: the Hmolpedia “equation of love” is the most-liked of 5,376-articles of Hmolpedia 2020.
  37. This ranking note “point” was made while listening to ABBA’s 1975 song “I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do”, the opening verse of which is: “Love me (bond) or leave me (de-bond); Make your choice (force of chemical affinity, pre-Helmholtz era (c.1200-1882); the Gibbs energy of the system, post-Helmholtz era (1882-forward)) but believe me; I love you; I do, I do, I do, I do, I do; I can't conceal it; Don't you see?; Can't you ‘feel’ it?; Don't you too?; I do, I do, I do, I do, I do”. Those geniuses who attempt to decode the nearly-intractable terms: “feelings” and “choice”, and are close to successful at it, tend to be more profound.
  38. 38.0 38.1 Scientific demon (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 Greatest fictional geniuses ever (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  40. Holbach’s geometrician (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  41. Faust (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  42. Faustian (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  43. Johann Faust (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  44. 44.0 44.1 Uberman (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  45. Ubermensch – Wikipedia.
  46. Did Nietzsche personally consider himself an Ubermensch? (2018) – Quora.
  47. Passages validating Goethe as Nietzsche’s Ubermensch? (2011) – Philosophy, StockExchange.com.
  48. 48.0 48.1 Another Newton (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  49. Few super-Einsteins (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  50. What is the IQ of the Star Wars main characters? (2019) – Quora.
  51. Hari Seldon (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  52. Frankenstein IQ (2010) – Yahoo Answers]
  53. Laplace’s demon – InformationPhilosopher.com
  54. What is the estimate of Reed Richard’s IQ? (2017) – Quora.
  55. What could be the estimated IQ of Will Hunting? (2016) – Quora.
  56. Will Hunting IQ (2020) – FindAnyAnswer.com.
  57. Terman, Lewis. (1916). The Measurement of Intelligence: an Explanation of and a Complete Guide for the Use of the Stanford Guide for the Use of the Stanford Revision and Extension of the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale (classification of intelligence, pg. 79; genius IQ, pg. 101). Houghton Mifflin Co.
  58. IQ ranking methodology

External links

  • Thims, Libb. (2017). “Top 100 Geniuses” (Ѻ), YouTube, Human Chemistry 101, Nov 24.
Theta Delta ics T2.jpg