Top 2000 candidates
In genius studies, top 2000 candidates refers to seeming-to-be missing and or potential top 2000 range minds or intellects, not found (see: full list) in the current top 2000 geniuses and minds rankings, some of which being slated below, per various avenues of discussion and suggestion.
Candidates | Unordered
- See also: Higher minds, 1-200, 201-400, 401-600, 601-800, 801-1,000, 1,001-1,200, 1,201-1,400, 1,401-1,600, 1,601-1,800, 1,801-2,000, Full list, Candidates
The listing of potential candidates of possible “missing names” from the top 2000 geniuses, intellects, and new minds rankings; listed below as being on the back-burner, processing, or digesting stage, many being newly-found or newly-suggested. Some, to note, are quick-adds, who based a certain intuitive obviousness, seem, conceptually, to be top 2000 name additions; but were added when time was short, to slate property (the numbers shown, indicate the recentness of when they were added):
|First to propose that the Americas (named after him) were not the “edge of Asia” (as Columbus proposed), but that it was a new continent or “new world” (1501) as he called it.|
(55 BE-40 AE)
|33||Author of Leaving Las Vegas (1990). Committed suicide by gunshot, at his Beverly Hills apartment on 10 Apr 1994, two weeks after learning that his novel, Leaving Las Vegas, was to be made into a movie.||M||American|
|Cesare Beccaria (217-161 BE) (1738-1794 ACM)||56||(PR:2,892|65AE / philosopher:164) (Gottlieb 1000:474) (LH:3) Philosopher, and penal law reformer, aka “father of penology”;||M||Italian|
|Discovered the phospholipid by layer of cell membranes (1889); a key advancement in the "no thought without phosphorus" conjecture.|
|73||(SN:20) (TL:27) Law professor and thermodynamics based social philosopher;||M||French|
(75 BE-8 AE)
|82||(RMS:111) (TL:20) Religio-mythology scholar,||M||American|
|John Q. Stewart
(61 BE-17 AE)
|74||(PR:11,878|65AE / chemist:169) (HGC:163) (TL:9) Physical chemist;||M||Austrian|
|50||(EP:9) (TL:17) Engineer, architect, and mathematician;||M||French|
|71||Proved that atoms exist [!] by calculating Avogadro's number using three different methods, all involving liquid phase systems. First, he used a gamboge soap-like emulsion, second by doing experimental work on Brownian motion, and third by confirming Einstein’s theory of particle rotation in the liquid phase; one the 1926 Nobel Prize in physics for this.||M||French|
|75||(SN:15) (FA:102) (CR:5) (LH:#) (TL:#) Peregrinating philosopher and co aka “Walking Stewart”, characterized a “modern Pythagoras” (Anon, 1937), noted for his 1790 Moral State of Nations (AB:11), wherein he outlines pantheistic matter and motion theory, the goal of which being to increase the utility, defined as well-being + happiness, of all ‘animated matter’.||M||Scottish-English|
(38 BE-53 AE)
|90||(RGM:577|1,350+) (PR:1828|65AE / writer:196) (LH:3) Science fiction writer, futurist, and philosopher;||M||English|
|Emil Reymond (1818-1896)||One of the four co-signers of the Reymond-Brucke oath (1842), signed in blood.|
|Ernst Brucke (1819-1892)||One of the four co-signers of the Reymond-Brucke oath (1842), signed in blood.|
|Carl Ludwig||One of the four co-signers of the Reymond-Brucke oath (1842), signed in blood.|
(75 BE-1 AE)
|Johann Glauber (351-285 BE) (1604-1670 ACM)||66||(PR:6025|65AE / chemist:70) (Farber 114:8) Chemist, philosopher, and chemical engineer;||M||German-born Dutch|
|60||His 2-volume Cyclopædia: A Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, was the seed behind Diderot's 28-volume Encyclopedia.||M||English|
|70||(SIG:20) Chemist; credited as inventing catalysis (1794); the unit of which "katal" (mol/s) is associated with her.||F||English|
|46||(RGM:121|1,350+) Poet and playwright;
|52||Actor; the jokester of the of the 1938 to 1950s comedy duo Abbott and Costello; the highest-paid entertainers in the world during World War II; ranked as #1 comedy duos of all time. Their top ten skits, e.g. who’s on first, Susquehanna Hat Company, Two Tens for a Five, 7 x 13 = 28, etc., are a hilarious play on word and number double meanings. The apex of the transition of the art of radio comedy to television comedy.||M||American|
|76||Actor; the straight man half of the 1938 to 1950s comedy duo Abbott and Costello; they were the highest-paid entertainers in the world during World War II.||M||American|
|30||Science fiction writer and philosopher;
noted for Conan the Barbarian and Solomon Kane; friends with Howard Lovecraft.
|53||(RGM:176|1,350+) (PR:2,646|65AE / physicist:57) (Farber 114:15) (LH:2) Physicist, chemist, astronomer, poet, and generally characterized polymath, aka "Russian Pindar" (Starikovksy, 2013); noted for ||M||Russian|
|59||Psychologist, philosopher, businessman, and philanthropist;||M||American|
|(RGM:506|1,350+) (PR:762|65AE / writer:92) Poet, novelist, and short story writer;
|=95||48||Prohibition era gangster and businessman; co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit; character behind the 1932 and 1983 Scarface films, colloquially-ranked as one of the top five manliest moves of all time.||M||American|
|60||(RGML:64|400+) Military commander; noted for leding the Third Army, against the Germans, to take Berlin, thus bringing an end to WWII.||M||American|
|45||(RGML:37|400+) Spartan king; legendary for leading the 300 elite Spartan troops against the Achaemenid Empire of Xerxes during the three day battle at Thermopylae, aka the “hot gates”; a top 100 generals of all time.||M||Greek|
|68||Mathematician, astronomer, and navigator;
Noted for his c.1618 idea to convert John Napier's logarithms into base 10 logarithms, which were easier to work with.
|65||(Cattell 1000: 608) Educator and rhetorician; a Cardano 12 runner-up.||M||Roman|
|60||(Cardano 12:10) Astronomer and mathematician;||M||Spanish|
|70||(Cardano 12:6) Mathematician and scientist; aka the "calculator", admired by Cardano, Scaliger, and Leibniz.||M||English|
|62||(Cardano 12:7) (Allen 100:52) Philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, statesman, and strategist; student of Philolaus; friend of Plato; teacher of Eudoxus.||M||Greek|
|84||Lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English language-spelling reformer, political writer, and author;
Noted for his 1828 An American Dictionary of the English Language, containing a record-breaking 70,000 entries (previous record: 58,000 entries; Samuel Johnson's 1755 Dictionary of the English Language: 43,000 entries), the result of two-decades of study, including learning 26-languages, to better understand the etymology of words, and a year abroad in Paris and the University of Cambridge; as a spelling reformer, he believed that British-English words were unnecessarily complex, hence, he simplified spelling as follows: colour with color, waggon with wagon, and centre with center; a upgrade that is ongoing to this very day.
|78||Chemist; noted for his 1826 discovery that chemically-dipped match sticks ignite by friction on the earth, and therefrom invented friction matches, which he sold in boxes, with attached sandpaper.||M||English|
|43||(RGM:190|1,350+) (PR:2146|65AE / Composers:73) Pianist; composer, and philosopher; influenced in music by Chopin; influenced in philosophy by Nietzsche and his uberman; influenced in religion by Helena Blavatsky and her theosophy;||M||Russian|
|87||(PR:22,604|65AE / Physicists:370) Physicist; noted for his 1925 “ingenious suggestion” (Heitler, 1956), developed with Samuel Goudsmit, that an electron, in addition to its orbital motion, has a “spinning motion”, aka they introduced the concept of electron spin.||M||Dutch-born American|
|76||(PR:25,589|65AE / Physicists:404) Physicist; noted as being the 1925 co-developer, with George Uhlenbeck, of the concept of electron spin.||M||Dutch-born American|
|78||(PR:1,824|65AE / Physicists:40) (Kanowitz 50:31) (GPE:92) Physicist; student of Kamerlingh Onnes and Hendrik Lorentz; noted for his 1896 discovery that certain spectral lines, emitted by atoms, when passed through a strong magnetic field, split up into several lines, aka Zeeman effect (Heitler, 1956).||M||Dutch|
|72||(PR:4,282|65AE / Physicists:97) Mathematician and physicist; noted for his 1885 derivation of the empirical formula for the visible spectral lines of the hydrogen atom, aka Balmer formula and the Balmer series (Heitler, 1956).||M||Swiss|
(87 BE-5 AE)
Embodied the transition in America from “stern Calvinism” to “gospel of love Protestantism”; influenced: Mark Twain, Walt Whitman, and Abraham Lincoln, who attended his Sunday sermons; a top 10 pulpit orator genius (Pond, 1900); name-dropped in the "court scene" of Good Will Hunting (1997); brother of Harriet Stowe; dubbed the “most famous man in America” (Applegate, 2008).
|85||(RGM:750|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:457) Author and abolitionist; noted for her 1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin, the 2nd best-selling book of the 19th century (behind the Bible), and said to have laid the ground work for the Civil War (1861-65).||F||American|
|71||Zoologist and evolution philosopher; note for his 1920 The Grand Strategy of Evolution, wherein he speculates on the morals of an atom, the conduct of a molecule, and molecular society.||M||American|
|82||Computer scientist; noted for his 1953 brainchild of Fortran, aka "formula translator", the first main programing language in engineering.||M||American|
|60||Physicist; noted for his 1834 explanation of why magnets are slowed in their fall through a copper tube, aka Lenz's law.||M||Russian|
(31 BE-30 AE)
Noted for her work on Hilbert’s 10th problem, namely to find an algorithm for determining if a diophantine equation has any integer-valued solutions; she became first female president of American Mathematical Society and first female mathematician admitted to National Academy of Science.
(26 BE-62 AE)
|69||(RGM:423|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:762) Artist;
|68||(Thims 97:58) Chemist and physicist; in 1913 and, following WWI, in 1919, building on the work of Joseph Thomson and Wilhelm Wien, built a mass spectrometer, as shown below:
that was able to separate single elements into their various “isotopes”, based on mass; and developed the “whole number rule” that isotopes have masses that are integer values of the mass of the hydrogen atom.
(5- BE-54 AE) (1950-2009 ACM)
|59||Noted for his view on "isms"; along with writing, directing, and producing some of the most icon American films of all time.||M||American|
(45 BE-25 AE)
(78 BE-1 AE)
(45 BE-15 AE)
a psychology based on the analysis of social transactions.
(37 BE-37 AE)
|82||Noted for his 1873 silver staining technique called “black reaction” (la reazione nera), aka Golgi stain or Golgi method, which allowed never cells to be seen.||M||Italian|
|82||(Becker 160:132) Noted for his 1887 use of the Golgi stain technique to study brain tissue, then thought to be one continuous mesh or net (aka reticular theory), and found that there were individual “nerve cells”, which resulted in the “neuron doctrine”.||M||Spanish|
|29||First person to differentiate between axons and dendrites.||M||German|
|85||noted his 1891 coining of the term electron as the “quantity of electricity” that changes when chemical bonds are broken||M||Irish|
(62 BE-31 AE)
|69||Paleoanthropologist and archaeologist; noted for work demonstrating that humans evolved in Africa; name dropped by Dorothy Murdock.||M||British|
|87||The co-founder of HP (aka Hewlett-Packard); a noted anecdote was when Steve Jobs, age 12, phoned Hewlett, and asked him for some parts to build a frequency counters.||M||American|
|66||Industrialist;||M||Austria-Hungarian born German|
(88-14 BE) (1867-1941 ACM)
|74||(CR:11) Physicist, chemist, zoologist, embryologist, and anti-reductionism holism philosopher;
Noted for his 1891 sea urchin embryogenesis mechanism experiments; his Concepts of Nature and Judgments of Nature (1904), wherein he discusses, in formula, Clausius’ entropy, Helmholtz’s free energy, and Ostwald’s energetics, in respect to his new-vitalism Kantian-Aristotle view of biology; and for his 1914 efforts argue that “entelechy” is a soul-like thing, similar to physico-chemical potential, but metaphysical, that directs the development of embryos and the creation of works of art;
|40||RGM:409|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:233) (Bloom 100:23) Novelist, short-story writer, and existentialist;
Influences: Goethe, Blaise Pascal, Gustave Flaubert, and Soren Kierkegaard; his work mixes realism and fantastic; grouped with Simone Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Jean Sartre, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and Nietzsche, per Google search ranking commonality; classified as a modern “literary genius” (Quora, 2017).
|47||Military leader, ruler of the Hunnic Empire, which he established;||M||Hun|
|Cyrus the Great
|70||Military leader; characterized a top 10 military leader of all time (2019).||M||Persian|
|Joan of Arc
|19||(RGM:253|1,350+) Military leader; characterized a top 10 military leader of all time (2019).||F||French|
|81||(RGM:362|1350+) (Becker 139:55|6L) (Spenko 27:8) (Reuters 37:19) (CR:3) Moral and political philosopher; noted for his A Theory of Justice (1971), wherein he attempts to provide a moral theory alternative to utilitarianism and that addresses the problem of distributive justice.||M||American|
|84||(Becker 139:53|6L) (Stokes 100:80) (CR:4) Philosopher; noted for his in his Princia Ethica (1903), wherein he argued that whether something is good is always an open question and that ‘good’ denotes some simple natural property of the universe of which we are intuitively aware;||M||English|
|92||(Becker 139:40|8L) (Stokes 100:100) (Listal 100:63) (Perry 80:29) (Spenko 27:9) (CR:3) Philosopher and analytic logician; noted for his Word and Object (1960), which is characterized as a top post post-Nietzsche publication; in 1969, he speculated about “ectropy”;||M||American|
|57||(RGM:207|13,50+) (Becker 139:36|9L) (Stokes 100:90) (Listal 100:6) (HuCR:1) (CR:11) Philosopher, historian, sociologist, and literary critic;||M||French|
(60 BE-19 AE)
|79||(CR:13) (LH:3) Philosopher, characterized a "Goethe, Rumi, and twentieth century Pascal" (Smith, c.1955); noted for his 1935 “super-observer” model, aka advanced perspective (Thims, 2007); for his 1940 Scientific Humanism, wherein he attempts to outline a beyond-Aristotle beyond-Darwin "scientific humanism" (TCN:36) or "cosmic humanism" (Reiser, 1966), per Einstein's suggestion; and for his 1945 suggestion that a global "Institute for Scientific Humanism" needs to be established.||M||American|
|71||EPD:M4) (FA:122) (CR:6) Philosopher, poet, and political theorist, also an atheism, women’s rights, and abolition activist;
Influenced by Ludwig Feuerbach, Jacob Moleschott, Ludwig Buchner, and Karl Vogt, he attempted to advance an atheistic philosophy based on scientific materialism; was one of the combatants in the 1846 Zurich Atheism Dispute (pictured), along with Arnold Ruge, Friedrich Schultz, and August Follen;
|30||(Gottlieb 1000:522) (Bloom 100:39) (CR:4)||F||English|
|72||(RGM:963|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:557) (Bloom 100:93) (WorldCat 100:5) (CR:9)||M||American-born English|
|73||(RGM:1043|1,350+) (Gottlieb 1000:563) (FF:12) (CR:5) Political confidant;
Wife of John Adams, mother of John Quincy Adams, and great grandmother to Henry Adams and Brooks Adams (Ѻ); see: Adams family tree
(33 BE-41 AE)
|=170||73||(Becker 139:131|3L) (Stokes 100:98) (Listal 100:77) (Reuters 2009:35) (CR:32)||M||American|
|80||Teacher of Euler.||M||Swiss|
|Philo of Alexandria
|70||(Stokes 100:14) (SHP:5) Philosopher and religious scholar;
|75||(CR:79) Physicist; student of Rutherford; noted for his 1956 The Next Million Years, wherein he defined people as "human molecules", and defined the term "human thermodynamics" as the the "statistical thermodynamics" of conservative dynamical systems", which he said will be the new future science, that will be able to "predict" the next million years of human development;||M||English|
Nominations | Discussion
The following are recent top 2000 candidate suggestions:
- Stephen Timoshenko (77 BE-17 AE) (1878-1972 ACM) (PR:15,885|65AE / engineer:81) | Nominated by @stem_ik via Twitter (17 Jul 66AE)
If you know of an intelligent individual from history, who you might intuit could possibly be a candidate for inclusion in the top 2000 rankings, feel free to post a suggestion and reasoning why, either on the "discussion page" or post comments top geniuses and minds (historical or existive) sections of the Hmolpedia forum (lists accumulating here).
Try to avoid posting up discussion about fake intellectuals, e.g. with “inflated IQs”; as these, for the most part, are scams and a waste of time. Also key word search the "top 2000 full list" and the above draft candidate table, so to not post up duplicate candidate names. General discussion of geniuses and minds already ranked, however, is always welcome, particularly so if it involved discussion of ranking position change (e.g. up or down) suggestion or opinion.
Next | Previous
- Note: if you know of a potential candidate name not listed on the top 2000 rankings (search: full list), then post on the discussion page of this article.
- Harris, Frank. (1916). Oscar Wilde, his Life and Confessions, Volume One (pgs. 74-75). Publisher.
- Castro, Danilo. (2016). “15 Best Comedy Duos of All Time” (Ѻ), ScreenRant.com, Apr 28.
- Dunnings, Michael. (2018). “The 10 Best Abbott and Costello Skits” (Ѻ), The Impact News, May 3.
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- Most Important Military Leaders – Ranker.com.
- Sobel, Brian; Morelock, Jerry. (2019). “Top 100 Greatest Generals of All Time” (Ѻ), History.net.
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- David Warren’s 96th Birthday – Google Doodle.
- Henry Ward Beecker – PBS.org.
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- Eccentricities of Genius (2021) – r/RealGeniuses.
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- Robinson, Julia. (1985). “The Autobiography of Julia Robinson”; Narrated to sister (Constance Reid), in her last months, battling leukemia; reluctant at first, then persuaded to speak, so to “give credit where credit has not been given” per reason that this was the only respectable reason ever for speaking about one's self (Kya Boyle, c.1975). in: More Mathematical People (editors: Donald Albers, Gerald Alexanderson, and Constance Reid) (pdf). Publisher.
- Robinson – Mathigon.org.
- MacHale, Des. (2003). Wit (pg. 72). Publisher.
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- Was Kafka a literary genius? (2017) – Quora.
- Franz Kafka – SimplyCharly.com.
- Anon. (2019). “Top 10 Greatest Military Leaders of All Time” (YT), WatchMojo.com, Nov 10.
- Scientific humanism – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Founding fathers fallacy – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Adams family tree – MassHist.org.
- Economakis Michael – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Bernoulli genealogy – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Silent historians problem – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Top 2000 suggestions – Twitter.
- Inflated IQ – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Top 1000 geniuses (candidates) – Hmolpedia 2020.