Thoth

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Three depictions of Thoth, one associated with the baboon and the eye of Ra, the second seated holding the staff of Set (was scepter), the third marking the number of years of existence of a a person on a reed.

In Egyptian mythology, Thoth (CR:58) (LH:16) (TL:74), hieroglyph: Thoth H.png, in Greek: Thouth (ΘΩΥΘ) (NE:1218) (Capella, c.415), or "Tehuti" (Budge, 1904), is the god of science, time, writing, healing, and magic; depicted as ibis-headed; and later synretized with or usurping the moon god Khonsu.

Overview

In 2900BC, Thoth began to appear in literature in conjunction with Ra, the sun god, and Maat, the wisdom goddess.

Greeks

In 900BC, Greeks flocked to Egypt to learn their ways; from which, in return, the derived their own religion and science; wherein Thoth was rescripted as the god Hermes, aka Hermes Trismegistus, and later Mercury by the Romans; this is summarized below:

Thoth (rescripts).png

Etymology

Depictions of the marriage of Mercury (Thoth) and Philology (Maat [?]), the latter of which shown being sanctioned by Jupiter (Ra).

Capella | Clue

In c.415, Martianus Capella, in his On the Marriage of Mercury and Philology, tells a tale, themed on Pythagorean numerology, wherein Philology, goddess of love and learning, resorts to number divination to determine whether Mercury (aka Thoth) will be a suitable husband; the main discourse is as follows:[1]

“And so, she [Philology] sought from the numbers to discover whether a marriage would be beneficial and whether the winged swiftness of the celestial whirlwind would unite with her by a suitable bond of marriage. She counted up on her fingers the letters of her own name and that of the Cyllenian [Mercury] [Thoth] — not the name which the conflicting stories of different nations had given him, not the name which the rituals of peoples, varying according to the interests and cults of each place, had created, but that name which Jove (Jupiter) himself had settled upon him by a celestial proclamation at his birth and which the faulty research of man had claimed was made known only through the ingenuities of the Egyptians. She took from each end [Θ] of his name [ΘΩΥΘ] the bounding element [Θ], which is both the first and the perfect terminus of number. Next came the number which is worshiped as ‘lord’ in all temples for its cubic solidity. In the next position she took a letter which the ‘Samian sage’ [Pythagoras] regarded as representing the ‘dual ambiguity of mortal fate’ [Upsilon: Υ, u]. Accordingly, the number ‘1218’ flashed forth.
Diminishing this number by the rule of nine, by substituting units for tens, she cleverly reduced it to the number three [3]. Her own name, which was set out in numeral form as ‘724’, she reduced to the number four [4]; these two numbers, three [3] and four [4], are marked by a harmonious relationship with each other. For the number three is certainly perfect, because it may be rationally arranged as a beginning, a middle, and an end; it alone both makes a line and defines the solids (for solids are defined by length and depth); furthermore, the triplication of the number three is the first to yield a cube from the odd numbers. Who does not know the threefold harmonies in music? And an odd number is attributed to masculinity. All time changes in a threefold sequence [past, present, and future]; the number three is also the seedbed of perfect numbers, namely of six [6] and of nine [9], by different forms of connection [3 x 2 and 3 x 3]. It is therefore properly associated with the god of rationality [Thoth].
But, Philology [NE:724], because she is herself a most learned woman, although she is reckoned among the female (even) numbers, yet is made perfect by complete computation. For the number four with its parts makes up the whole power of the decad [10] itself [1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10] and is therefore perfect and called ‘quadrate’ [square or 4], as is the Cyllenian [Pythagoras] himself, with whom are associated the four seasons of the year [four seasons], the regions of heaven [(add [?]; see: djed)], the elements [four elements] of the earth. That celebrated oath of old Pythagoras, who did not refrain from swearing ‘by the tetrad [set of 4]’ — what does that signify except the number of perfect ratio? Within itself, it contains the one, the duad, the triad, and is itself the square of two, within which proportions the musical harmonies are produced. Thus, in her examination of agreement among numbers, the clever maiden was delighted.
Then she joined them with each other, and three joined to four makes the heptad. But this number is the perfection of the celestial rationality, as the fullness of the sevens testifies. For what else is shown by the passage of the fated climacteric, by the circuits and movements of the planets, and by the viability of the fetus in the seventh month in the darkness of the womb? Thus, the numbers represented by their names were in concord. Therefore, the concord established between them bound their nuptial union with a true proportion, so that the maiden delighted in a marriage so advantageous to herself.”

Grotius | Decipher

In 1599, Hugo Grotius, age 17, became the first to decipher the above paragraph, read by him without added brackets [clarifiers] shown. Grotius' decoding is summarized as follows:

“The ‘first and the perfect terminus of number’ is 9, which completes the first Pythagorean decade. It is called ‘perfect’ because it is the square of three and is resented by the letter theta (Θ). Next comes the number worshiped as ‘lord’ in all temples for ‘its cubic solidity’. We saw earlier that Iamblichus and Theodorus refer to eight as the ‘first cube’ (2 x 2 x 2), as does Plutarch, when noting its attribution by e Pythagoreans to the god Poseidon. The number suggested 800, being 8 (the first cube) multiplied by 100 (the square of 10), and the value of the letter omega (Ω = 800). The ‘Samian sage’ is none other than Pythagoras himself, who came from the island of Samos. According to Pythagoras, the letter that represented the ‘dual ambiguity of mortal fate’ [i.e. "you" (?)] was the crossroads letter, upsilon (Y). This then gives us the letters for the name Thouth or Thoth (ΘΩΥΘ) [NE:1218], the Egyptian name for Hermes Trismegistus, or Mercury. The name adds to 1218. Similarly, the Greek letter values for Philology (ΦΙΛΟΛΟΓΙΑ) add to 724. By application of the rule of nine, 1218 and 724 reduce to three (1 + 2 + 1 + 8 = 12 = 1 +2 = 3) and four (7 + 2 + 4 = 13 = 1 +3 = 4) respectively. These, when added together, form seven.”
Kieren Barry (1999), The Greek Qabalah (pgs. 193-94)

In sum, supposedly, according to this logic, the Greek name of Thoth (ΘΩΥΘ) [NE:1218], aka "Trice Great Hermes", is a cypher for the fact that his name is comprised of three 9s (Θ,Θ, 33) or three perfect numbers; as follows:

  • ΘΩΥΘ = two thetas (Θ) [9th letter] or has two Enneads (aka 9 god families or sun god symbol, depending) in its name, first letter and last letter
  • 1218 → 3 via the "rule of nine", where: 1 + 2 + 1 + 8 = 12 = 1 + 2 = 3

Which renders, presumably, as "3 great Thoth" or "3 great 1218" in Greek-Egyptian secret name coding, or something along these lines?

Quotes

The following are quotes:

“The hymns to Ra which are found in the Book of the Dead and in other funeral works of the ancient Egyptians state that the deities Thoth and Maat stand one on each side of the great god in his boat, and it is clear that they were believed to take some important part in directing its course; and as they were with Ra when he sprang up from the abyss of Nu [see: number] their existence must have been coeval with his own. Thoth was a self-begotten god who made calculations concerning the stabilizing of the heavens, and the stars, and the earth; was the heart of Ra, master of law, both in the physical and moral conceptions of the knowledge of ‘divine speech’. He was the inventor and god of all arts and sciences, the ‘lord of books’, the ‘scribe of the gods’, and ‘mighty in speech’, i.e. his words took effect, and he was declared to be the author of many of the funeral works by which the deceased gained everlasting life.”
Wallis Budge (1904), The Gods of Egypt, Volume One (§13: Thoth [Tehuti], Maat, and the Other Goddesses Who Were Associated with Him, pgs. 400-27; quote pgs. # + 401) [2]

End matter

References

  1. (a) Capella, Martianus. (c.415). On the Marriage of Mercury and Philology; in: Martianus Capella and the Seven Liberal Arts: The Marriage of Philology and Mercury, Volume Two (translator: William Stahl, Richard Johnson, and E.L. Budge) (§2: The Marriage, pgs. 34-63; quote, pgs. 35-37). Columbia, 1977.
    (b) Barry, Kieren. (1999). The Greek Qabalah: Alphabetic Mysticism and Numerology in the Ancient World (pdf) (pgs. 191-94). Weiser.
  2. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One. Dover, 1969.

External links

  • Thoth – Hmolpedia 2020.
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