In existographies, Stuart Kauffman (16- BE) (1939- ACM) (SPE:22-31|2014/2021) (PR:48,160|65AE / physician:471) (Thims 33:24) (CR:102) (LH:5) (TL:107|#113) is an American complexity theorist, physician, and philosopher, noted for 
Quotes | By
The following are quotes by Kauffman:
- “Alone, each molecular species is dead. Jointly, once catalytic closure among them is achieved, the collective system of molecules is alive.”
- — Stuart Kauffman (1995), At Home in the Universe (pg. 50) 
- Kauffman, Stuart. (1995). At Home in the Universe: the Search for the Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity (pg. 50). Oxford.
- Stuart Kauffman – Hmolpedia 2020.