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The 2001 The Spark of Life, by Christopher Wills[1], a biology professor, and Jeffrey Bada[2], marine chemistry professor, then director of the NASA exobiology center at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, wherein the argue that life arose on the earth’s surface in the form of a genetic material containing proto-virus.[3]

In terms, spark (TR:91) (LH:3) (TL:94) refers to []


The following are quotes:

“As such, if we are to naively believe that the 5-element RNA was the ‘first form of life’, then we would also have to believe the following backwards logic”
(aspartic acid) = not alive [?]
(ribonucleic acid) = alive!
(coenzyme A) = more alive [?]
This type of reasoning, in which small 4-element molecules, such as aspartic acid, a crystalline amino acid found especially in plants, are ‘not alive’, whereas 5-element molecules, such as RNA, are ‘alive’, is clearly ridiculous. The hypothesis put forward herein, to reconcile these areas of theoretical inconsistency, is that the human organism is a 26-element molecule and that it as well as all other large-element molecules are dynamic atomic structures found within a 92-element, heat-fluxed, environment, which together react, form, and break bonds, evolve, and reproduce according to the four laws of thermodynamics. Moreover, there is NO such reality as there being a specific energy-filled ‘spark day’ in the earth’s past in which molecules suddenly became lifelike, alive, or imbued with life, etc., as is currently believed.”
Libb Thims (2007), Human Chemistry, Volume One (§Molecule Evolution, pgs. 130-31) [4]
“Why is defining life so frustratingly difficult? Why have scientists and philosophers failed for centuries to find a specific physical property or set of properties that clearly separates the living from the inanimate? Because such a property does not exist. Life is a concept that we invented. On the most fundamental level, all matter that exists is an arrangement of atoms and their constituent particles. These arrangements fall onto an immense spectrum of complexity, from a single hydrogen atom to something as intricate as a brain. In trying to define life, we have drawn a line at an arbitrary level of complexity and declared that everything above that border is alive and everything below it is not. In truth, this division does not exist outside the mind. There is no threshold at which a collection of atoms suddenly becomes alive, no categorical distinction between the living and inanimate, NO Frankensteinian spark. We have failed to define life because there was never anything to define in the first place.”
Ferris Jabr (2013), “Why Life Does Not Really Exist”, Dec 2 [5]

End matter


  1. Christopher Wills – Wikipedia.
  2. Jeffrey Bada – NASA Astrobiology Institute.
  3. Willis, Christopher; Bada, Jeffrey. (2001). The Spark of Life: Darwin and the Primeval Soup. Oxford.
  4. (a) Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry, Volume One. LuLu.
    (b) Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry, Volume Two. LuLu.
  5. Jabr, Ferris. (2013). “Why Life Does Not Really Exist”, Scientific American, Brainwaves Blog, Dec 2.

External links

  • Spark – Hmolpedia 2020.
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