In religio-mythology, soul (TR:1021) (LH:53) (TL:1074), from Egyptian “Maat” concept, meaning universal “moral order”, from the “ba”, of the “Egyptian human” model, refers, generally, to the divine animating principle and moral nature of a thing.
In 1733, Andrew Baxter (1686-1750), in his An Inquiry into the Nature of the Human Soul, penned as an attack on John Toland’s Letters to Serena (1704), and some works of John Locke and George Berkeley, attempted, via some sort of blurred Newtonian metaphysics, a discourse on how all movement is caused by some immaterial force, namely god, but that movements in humans are caused by a special immaterial force, namely ‘soul’. Baxter’s publication was attacked by Colin Maclaurin, and criticized and or commented on by Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Coleridge, and Leslie Stephen.
The following are related quotes:
- “Who can say that men have souls while rocks have none?”
- — Howard Lovecraft (1916), “Letter to Rheinhart Kleiner, Ira Cole, and Maurice Moe”, Aug 8
- “In the beginning, I thought this seminar on human thermodynamics would be interesting. At first, I thought Thims was going to discuss about thermodynamics ‘in’ the human body as a physiological view, rather than an emotional and social view. When he started talking about finding a future spouse and morals define through thermodynamics, things became a little funny. I believe, thermodynamics can only function in man-made things or mechanical things, such as vehicles, combustion, politics, and stuff. However, things like ‘morals’ and ‘love’ go further beyond thermodynamics. It can perhaps be argued, to a certain point, that thermodynamics can explain these phenomenon. But, if thermodynamics can't even be fully explained in the physical body, how can it explain the ‘mind’ and the ‘soul’?”
- — Anon (2010), “Review of Libb Thims' Human Thermodynamics Lecture”, bioengineering thermodynamics student, University of Illinois, Chicago, Apr 13 
- “Soul: the origin of a physical system; in carbon entromorphology, the soul is a nucleonic pathway leading all the way back to the big bang. Soulatrophic: a term in carbon entromorphology, giving reference to particular fractional dimensions of natural scale; such as the microbiological, somatic, cognitive , and spiritual levels. Soulatrophicity: appertaining two unique fractional dimensions of scale, but with an absolute origin or soul at the big bang.”
- Egyptian human – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Andrew Baxter – Wikipedia.
- Baxter, Andrew. (1733). An Enquiry Into the Nature of the Human Soul: Wherein the Immateriality of the Soul is Evinced from the Principles of Reason and Philosophy. Millar, 1737.
- Libb Thims (student reactions) (2010) (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Janes, Mark A. (2012). Mr Carbon Atom and the Theory of Carbon Entromorphology (GB) (Amz). Emp3books.
- Soul – Hmolpedia 2020.