Simmons 100

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In genius studies, Simmons 100 (Simmons 100:#) refers a 2000 ranking of the most influential scientists, past and present according to American science and medical writer John Simmons[1], as found in his The Scientific 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Scientists, Past and Present.

Rankings

1-50

The following is the Simmons 100, numbers 1 to 50:

1-25 26-50
1. Isaac Newton | the Newtonian Revolution

2. Albert Einstein | Twentieth-Century Science

3. Niels Bohr | the Atom

4. Charles Darwin | Evolution

5. Louis Pasteur | the Germ Theory of Disease

6. Sigmund Freud | Psychology of the Unconscious

7. Galileo Galilei | the New Science

8. Antoine Lavoisier | the Revolution in Chemistry

9. Johannes Kepler | Motion of the Planets

10. Nicolaus Copernicus | the Heliocentric Universe

11. Michael Faraday the Classical Field Theory

12. James Maxwell | the Electromagnetic Field

13. Claude Bernard | the Founding of Modern Physiology

14. Franz Boas | Modern Anthropology

15. Werner Heisenberg | Quantum Theory

16. Linus Pauling | Twentieth-Century Chemistry

17. Rudolf Virchow | the Cell Doctrine

18. Erwin Schrodinger | Wave Mechanics

19. Ernest Rutherford | the Structure of the Atom

20. Paul Dirac | Quantum Electrodynamics

21. Andreas Vesalius | the New Anatomy

22. Tycho Brahe | the New Astronomy

23. Comte de Buffon | l'Histoire Naturelle

24. Ludwig Boltzmann | Thermodynamics

25. Max Planck | the Quanta

26. Marie Curie | Radioactivity

27. William Herschel | the Discovery of the Heavens

28. Charles Lyell | Modern Geology

29. Pierre Laplace Newtonian Mechanics

30. Edwin Hubble | the Modern Telescope

31. Joseph Thomson | the Discovery of the Electron

32. Max Born | Quantum Mechanics

33. Francis Crick | Molecular Biology

34. Enrico Fermi | Atomic Physics

35. Leonhard Euler | Eighteenth-Century Mathematics

36. Justus Liebig | Nineteenth-Century Chemistry

37. Arthur Eddington | Modern Astronomy

38. William Harvey | Circulation of the Blood

39. Marcello Malpighi | Microscopic Anatomy

40. Christiaan Huygens | the Wave Theory of Light

41. Carl Gauss (Karl Friedrich Gauss) | Mathematical Genius

42. Albrecht Haller | Eighteenth-Century Medicine

43. August Kekule | Chemical Structure

44. Robert Koch | Bacteriology

45. Murray Gell-Mann | the Eightfold Way

46. Emil Fischer | Organic Chemistry

47. Dmitri Mendeleyev | the Periodic Table of Elements

48. Sheldon Glashow | the Discovery of Charm

49. James Watson | the Structure of DNA

50. John Bardeen | Superconductivity

51-100

The following are numbers 51 to 100:

51-75 76-100
51. John Neumann | the Modern Computer

52. Richard Feynman | Quantum Electrodynamics

53. Alfred Wegener | Continental Drift

54. Stephen Hawking Quantum Cosmology

55. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek | the Simple Microscope

56. Max von Laue | X-ray Crystallography

57. Gustav Kirchhoff | Spectroscopy

58. Hans Bethe | the Energy of the Sun

59. Euclid | the Foundations of Mathematics

60. Gregor Mendel | the Laws of Inheritance

61. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes | Superconductivity

62. Thomas Morgan | the Chromosomal Theory of Heredity

63. Hermann Helmholtz | the Rise of German Science

64. Paul Ehrlich | Chemotherapy

65. Ernst Mayr | Evolutionary Theory

66. Charles Sherrington | Neurophysiology

67. Theodosius Dobzhansky | the Modern Synthesis

68. Max Delbruck | the Bacteriophage

69 Jean Baptiste | Lamarck the Foundations of Biology

70. William Bayliss | Modern Physiology

71. Noam Chomsky | Twentieth-Century Linguistics

72. Frederick Sanger | the Genetic Code

73. Lucretius | Scientific Thinking

74. John Dalton | the Theory of the Atom

75. Louis de Broglie | Wave/Particle Duality

76. Carl Linnaeus | the Binomial Nomenclature

77. Jean Piaget | Child Development

78. George Simpson | the Tempo of Evolution

79. Claude Levi-Strauss | Structural Anthropology

80. Lynn Margulis | Symbiosis Theory

81. Karl Landsteiner | the Blood Groups

82. Konrad Lorenz | Ethology

83. Edward Wilson | Sociobiology

84. Frederick Gowland | Hopkins Vitamins

85. Gertrude Elion | Pharmacology

86. Hans Selye | the Stress Concept

87. Robert Oppenheimer | the Atomic Era

88. Edward Teller | the Bomb

89. Willard Libby | Radioactive Dating

90. Ernst Haeckel | the Biogenetic Principle

91. Jonas Salk | Vaccination

92. Emil Kraepelin | Twentieth-Century Psychiatry

93. Trofim Lysenko | Soviet Genetics

94. Francis Galton | Eugenics

95. Alfred Binet | the I.Q. Test

96. Alfred Kinsey | Human Sexuality

97. Alexander Fleming | Penicillin

98. B. F. Skinner | Behaviorism

99. Wilhelm Wundt | the Founding of Psychology

100. Archimedes | the Beginning of Science

End matter

References

  1. John Galbraith Simmons – Arts.gov.

External links

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