In Egyptian mythology, Ra (TR:420) (LH:65) (TL:485|#65), hieroglyphs: , , or , in Greek: ρα (Ra) (NE:101) or ρε (Re) (NE:105), is one of the main Egyptian sun gods, conceptualized as riding his solar barque over through the stars or body of Nut (heaven) on a daily basis.
The tears of Ra, according to the Egyptians, were said to have turned into honey.
The following are the various synretisms or mergers of Ra with other gods:
|Baboon bark||Papyrus of Ani|
|The so-called "wa-hu" sound, above left, which kind of sounds like "Ra", as compared to six baboons, above right, shown greeting the morning sun, aka Ra, from the Papyrus of Ani (1250BC), which might be a possible etymology of the name of Ra (Thims, 2017).|
In 1904, Wallis Budge stated that the etymology of Ra is unknown? One possibility, is that the sound and name of Ra, may derive from the mouth symbol, as shown in in the third name: ; one summary of this is as follows:
- “When writing the characters of their language, Egyptian scribes ignored vowels and recorded only the consonants. The phonetic ‘r’, for example, is represented by the hieroglyph: , which is the ideogram of the human mouth. This one hieroglyph could represent a consonant as variably pronounced as ra, re, ar, er, and so forth.”
- — Daniel Gunther (2015), “Thoughts on the 20th Anniversary Edition” in the Faulkner-translation of the Egyptian Book of the Dead (pg. 20)
per reason that the baboons were worshiped in ancient Egypt as sun god like animals, like the scarab beetle, per reason that they greet the morning sun each morning at sunrise, as shown on the Papyrus of Ani (1250BC), adjacent, like a sun worshiper, like they were calling out the name of the sun god, aka Ra-who or wa-hu, or something?
- Ra – Hmolpedia 2020.