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A basic religio-mythology icon[1], showing beliefs which currently bind people (left) vs beliefs which formerly binded people (right). A religio-mythology scholar (RMS) is one who works in the field of tracing the roots of modern "religions" back to their "mythological" origins.

In acronyms, RMS (LH:43), short for “religio-mythology scholar”, key: (RMS:#), refers to one of the 180+ scholars in the field of “religio-mythology” or related, e.g. astro-theology, isopsephy, Egyptology, Egyptian mythology, Greek mythology, Roman mythology, general mythology, Mesopotamian mythology, Jewish mythology, Christian mythology, numerology, etc., which attempt to ferret out the mythological origins to all modern religions.


The following is a work in progress ranking of the noted religio-mythology scholars; those shown bolded are key RMS scholars:

# Person Date Summary
Homer 800BC
Hesiod 700BC In his Theogony, he swapped out the Egyptian Nun with with "chaos", the Ogdoad (rescript: Titans) and the Ennead (rescript: Olympians) as the two battling classes of ancient god families, the Huh + Hauhet = space and emptiness aspect of the Ogdoad coded into the word delta (NE:345) symbol: Δ, and equated the Egyptian sun god Ra (or Ra-Atum) into the character of Helios, which is coded into the theta (NE:318) symbol: Θ, and the Ennead, in short, thereby making a new anthropomorphic Greek pantheon from the therianthropic Egyptian pantheon.
Pythagoras 520BC
Solon c.475BC
Anaxagoras c.450BC
Herodotus 435BC Devoted much of the second volume of his Histories, to Egyptian religion, e.g. he gave a first-hand account of the "bennu" bird, as described to him in person, which he referred to as the phoenix.
Plutarch c.100AD
Ireneaus c.125
Basilides c.130
Justin Martyr c.115
Lucian c.170
Origen c.230
Bede c.710
Abraham Ezra
c.1150 Gave, supposedly, some arguments to the effect that Moses was not the author of the Old Testament; cited by Spinoza (1670).
Frederick II c.1235
Meister Eckhart c.1310
Petrarch 1341
Erasmus c.1490
Leonardo Vinci c.1500 Based on the evidence that depositing fossils occurred many miles from their origin, from which he deduced the existence of very long spans of geological time, he rejected Biblical flood myth.
Pope Leo X 1514
Noel Journet 1582
Giordano Bruno c.1590
Gerardus Vossius c.1630
Samuel Bochart c.1650
Thomas Hobbes c.1651
Isaac Peyrere c.1655
Benedict Spinoza 1670 Citing Abraham Ezra (c.1150), he denied that Moses wrote the Pentateuch (Old Testament) of the Bible.
Pierre Huet 1679
John Toland 1696
Bernard Fontenelle 1724
Voltaire 1728 Supposedly, in 1728 did some work [?]; his God and Human Beings (1769), was one of the first books on comparative religions and mythology; other works: Epistle to the Author of the Book of the Three Imposters (1670), in response to John Toland’s c.1720 Treatise on the Three Impostors, and his Philosophical Dictionary.
Jean Meslier 1729 His The Testament devotes several hundred pages to debunking Christ and Moses myths.
Marquis of Argens 1736
Jonathan Edwards (1703-1753) c.1750
Nicolas Boulanger c.1755 Did work on flood myth debunking in respect to geological evidence and meteorological science; used as pseudonym for Holbach's Christianity Unveiled (1761).
Baron Holbach 1761 Published part one of Christianity Unveiled.
Immanuel Kant 1764
Charles Dupuis 1771
Constantin Volney 1771
Ethan Allen 1784
Thomas Paine 1794 His Age of Reason (1794) ridicules “Christian mythology”, as he calls it, e.g. virgin birth, resurrection, afterlife, etc.; his “Origin of the Christian Religion” (1803), asserts that the opening of Genesis was a mutilated rescript of the Zend-Avesta of Zoroaster, among other things.
Joseph Hager 1801
William Hort 1802
Charles Lebrun 1803
Thomas Jefferson 1804
Sergey Uvarov 1812
Thomas Young 1814 Did some of the first decoding of the Rosetta Stone.
Napoleon Bonaparte 1817
Edward Stillingfleet 1817
Jean Champollion 1820
Heinrich Ritter 1829
Robert Taylor 1828
Charles Coleman 1832
Godfrey Higgins 1833
David Strauss 1835
Bruno Bauer 1840
Franz Movers 1841
Samuel Birch 1841
Anon German Jew (Ѻ) 1841
Richard Lepsius 1842
Logan Mitchell 1842
Jean-Marie Ragon (Ѻ) 1843
Romualdo Gentilucci 1848
Alexander Hislop 1853
Ludwig Buchner 1855
Samuel Dunlap 1858
Peter Renouf (Ѻ) 1861
Samuel Sharpe 1863
Ernest Renan 1864 His Life of Jesus, established conclusively that the Bible was written over a long period of time, spanning perhaps as much as a millennium, finally assembled in a haphazard manner. He is said to have made connections between Mithra and Christ, or Mithraism and Christianity
Charles King 1864
Heinrich Brugsch 1864
William Cooper 1870
James Peebles (Ѻ) 1870
Archibald Sayce 1872
Auguste Mariette 1873
Kersey Graves 1875 His The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors, made connections between Horus, Osiris, and Jesus (along with a dozen or so other parallel rescripts) influenced: Madalyn O'Hair, Dorothy Murdock, and Tom Harpur.
Helena Blavatsky 1877
John Stuart-Glennie 1878
DeRobigne Bennett 1881
Gaston Maspero 1881
Gerald Massey 1881
Thomas Doane 1882
Herbert Hardwicke 1884
Edouard Naville 1886
Iosif Kryvelev (Ѻ) 1887
Friedrich Nietzsche 1888
James Frazer 1890
Wallis Budge 1890
Watson Heston 1892
William Smith (Ѻ) 1894
George St. Clair 1898
John Robertson 1900
Albert Kalthoff (Ѻ) 1902
Constantine Grethenbach 1902
Robert Shaw 1904
Flinders Petrie (Ѻ) 1905
Alice Grenfell 1906
Arthur Drews (Ѻ) 1907
Thomas Cheyne 1907
Albert Churchward (Ѻ)(Ѻ) 1910
Singleton Davis 1910
Wakeman Ryno 1912
Hugo Gressman (Ѻ) 1913
George Gurdjieff 1915
Alan Gardiner 1916
Ernst Sellin 1922
Felix Grosser 1925 Did work on the Sator square.
Thomas Spivey (Ѻ) 1927
Henry Mencken 1930
Joseph Wheless 1930
Alvin Kuhn 1930
Edward Ulback 1936
Sigmund Freud 1939 His Moses and Monotheism, building on his early two publications on Moses, and with citation to Eduard Meyer (1905), Hugo Gressmann (1913), and Ernst Sellin (1922), argued that Moses, if he existed, was an Egyptian, that he was part of the Akhenaten religious movement, and that the three main names of god, in the Hebrew Bible, El aside, namely: Adonai, Yahweh, and Jehovah, “Adon-ai”, in particular, are “Aten” derivatives.
Archibald Robertson (Ѻ) 1946
Karel Hujer 1946
Robert Graves 1948
Joseph Campbell 1949
Rene Lubicz 1949
Herbert Cutner (Ѻ) 1950
Immanuel Velikovsky 1950 In his Worlds in Collision (pg. 81), he decoded that: “the 13th day of any month is a bad day. On this day you should do nothing. It is the day when Horus entered battle with Seth.” (see: bia).
Alexander Badawy (Ѻ) 1954
Hilton Hotema 1956
Andrija Puharich (Ѻ) 1959
Raymond Faulkner 1968
John Allegro (Ѻ) 1970
Jordan Maxwell 1970
George Wells (Ѻ) 1971
Othmar Keel (Ѻ) 1972
Walter Moeller 1973 His The Mithraic Origin and the Meanings of the Rotas-Sator Square, citing Felix Grosser (1925), argues that Mithra is behind the Sator square, along the way conjecturing interesting mythological things, such as how the 25-letters of the square can be reordered into a "Pater Noster Alpha-Omega cross".
Lloyd Graham 1975
Robert Temple 1976
James Arthur 1976
John Griffiths (Ѻ) 1980
Erik Hornung 1982
John Jackson 1985
Richard Friedman 1987
Robert Bauval 1983
Ahmed Osman (Ѻ) 1990
Karl Luckert 1991
Anthony Browder 1992
Michael Jordan 1993
Bart Ehrman 1993 Note: his Did Jesus Exist? (2012) devotes a section to attacking Dorothy Murdock.[2]
David Fideler 1993
J.S. Gordon (1946-2013) 1997
Moustafa Gadalla (Ѻ) 1997
Muata Ashby 1997
Dorothy Murdock 1995 After launchomg TruthBeKnown.com (1996), wherein she began to make her views public, she published: The Christ Conspiracy (1999), Suns of God: Krishna, Buddha, and Christ Unveiled (2004), and Christ in Egypt (2009); in 2007, she was the main consultant for the culturally-viral film Zeitgeist, produced by Peter Joseph, which introduced "Christ myth", via god parallelism, to the general public.
Gary Greenberg 1996 His 101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History (2000), ferrets out a large part of the Osiris religion and Ra theological structure to the Ab-ra-ham-ic faiths (Torah religions).
Kieren Barry 1999 His The Greek Qabalah: Alphabetic Mysticism and Numerology in the Ancient World, building on classical scholars such as: Pythagoras, Aristotle, Aristophanes, Cicero, Herodotus, Heliodorus, Homer, Hippolytus, Hesiod, Homer, Iamblichus, Irenaeus, John Lydus, Lucian, Plutarch, Xenophon, Zosimus, and newer scholars, such as: James Frazer, Edward Gibbon, Walter Moeller, David Fideler, to argue that the Hebrew Qabalah (Kabbalah) has Greek origins, along the way present all sorts of isopsephy (and gematria) argument about the number origin of words, including an appended “Dictionary of Isopsephy”, showing word equivalents (NE) for numbers: 1 to 3999.
Timothy Freke 1999
Earl Doherty (Ѻ) 1999
Richard Cassaro 2000
Kenneth Humphreys 2001
Patrick Geryl (Ѻ) 2001
Gene Matlock 2002
Daniel Lazare (Ѻ) 2002
Richard Gabriel (Ѻ) 2002
Tim Callahan (Ѻ)(Ѻ)
Libb Thims 2002 Amid drafting Human Thermodynamics, on basically the thermodynamics of everything, upon arrival of the "Thermodynamics of Religion" chapter, began to delve into the "rabbit hole" of religion-mythology; at first objectively reading one book from each of the top 19 active world religions, then mythology, then comparative religion and mythology; then, in his quest to figure out who "Abraham" was, believing then that he had been a real person who existed in c.2000BC, found Gary Greenberg (2000), and others, eventually amassing 175+ books in religio-mythology and atheism;
Simson Najovits 2003
Tom Harpur 2004 His The Pagan Christ, a truncated distillation of Godfrey Higgins, Gerald Massey, Alvin Kuhn, explains, cogently, how Jesus is a rescript of Horus, and the story of the raising of Lazarus is a rescript of the myth of the raising of Osiris.[3]
W. Ward Gasque 2004 Anti-RMS
Ralph Ellis (Ѻ)(Ѻ) 2004
Bojana Mojsov 2005
Joseph Atwill 2005
John Holding c.2005
Stanley Porter 2006 Anti-RMS
Stephen Bedard Anti-RMS
Peter Joseph 2007 Produced the film Zeitgeist, which, via consultation from Dorothy Murdock, introduced "Christ myth", in respect to "god parallelism", to the general public.
Harry Tabony (Ѻ) 2007
Fahim A. Knight (Ѻ) 2007
Bill Maher 2008 Produced Religulous, a portmanteau of "religion + ridiculous", which connects Horus and Jesus, and a comedic way.
Gordon Johnston 2008
John Pippy (Ѻ) 2009
Eddie Austerlitz (Ѻ) 2010
David Fitzgerald 2010
Joseph Matlock (Ѻ)(Ѻ) 2010
Michael Paulkovich 2012
Jon Sorenson 2012 Anti-RMS
Larry Marshall (Ѻ) 2012
Horus Gilgamesh 2013 Anti-RMS; Zeitgeist refuter.
Mark Foreman 2013
John Ostrowick (Ѻ) 2013
Pier Tulip 2013
Richard Carrier 2014


The following are general RMS related quotes:

“It would appear almost an act of folly, in pretending to uproot that ancient Upas tree[4] of religious superstition, under the poisonous shade of which mankind has been for [millennial] ages accustomed to repose, and the roots of which are so widespread and profound.”
Charles Dupuis (c.1794), cited as views in agreement with by 1872 English translator[5]
“We think ourselves possessed, or, at least, we boast that we are so, of liberty of conscience on all subjects. Yet, how far are we from these exalted privileges in fact! There exists, I believe, throughout the whole Christian world, a law which makes it blasphemy to deny our doubt the divine inspiration of all the books of the Old and New Testaments, from Genesis to Revelation. Who would run the risk of translating Dupuis?”
John Adams (1825), “Letter to Thomas Jefferson”, Jan 23
“Let me not be called a wicked atheist for seeing the likeness between Brahma and Abraham.”
Godfrey Higgins (1833), Anacalypsis, Volume One (pg. 391)
“Birch and Brugsch are the two greatest masters of Egyptology.”
Wallis Budge (1904), The Gods of the Egyptians, V1 (pgs. 63-64)
“The points of contact between Judaism and the religion of Babylonia have frequently been mentioned by numerous writers, but the traces of Egyptian mythology in both Jewish and Christian scriptures have not been so much noticed, nor could they be till quite lately. It is only within the last few decades that students have been sufficiently well provided with mythological texts and commentaries to be in possession of the necessary material, thanks to the labors of Birch [Samuel Birch], von Bergmann, von Bissing, Breasted, Brugsch, Budge, Chabas, Deveria, Grebaut, Guieysse, de Horrack, Jequier, Lanzone, Ledrain, Lefebure, Legrain, Lieblein, Mariette [Auguste Mariette], Maspero, Moret, Piehl, Pierret, Pleyte, Renouf, Sharpe, Spiegelberg, Wiedemann and others. The relationship of Egyptian mythology to Jewish religion is too large a subject to discuss fully; haec peritioribus relinguo [these religious experts]; so I only mention a few traces of Egyptian influence in the Old Testament, but there are many others. I will then point out the more numerous Egyptian touches in the New Testament.”
— Alice Grenfell (1906), “Egyptian Mythology and the Bible”; cited by Thomas Cheyne (1907)

End matter


  1. Uygur, Cenk; Aslan, Reza. (2017). “Are Religion and Myth the Same Thing?” (YT), The Young Turks, Dec 13.
  2. Ehrman, Bart. (2012). Did Jesus Exist? The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth (pg. #). Harper.
  3. Harpur, Tom. (2004). The Pagan Christ. Thomas Allan Publishers.
  4. (a) Author. (1858). “The Upas Tree” (txt), Scientific American, 13(47):374, Jul.
    (b) Brewer’s Upas-Tree – InfoPlease.com.
  5. Dupuis, Charles. (1797). The Origin of All Religious Worship: Universal Religions Abridged (roots, pg. 5; Chenier, pg. 9). C.C.W. Müller, 1872.

External links

Theta Delta ics T2.jpg