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Ptah, who holds the power symbols of: Ra (ankh), Osiris (djed pillar), and Set (was scepter), who rose to power (see: supreme god timeline) during the Memphis recension, in the 2nd Dynasty (2890-2686 BC).[1]

In Egyptian mythology, Ptah (TR:64) (LH:23) (TL:87), in Greek: Φθα (NE:510), aka Phtah (Maspero, 1894), secret name: Phi (Φι) (NE:510), is a fire god, craftsman god, and creator god, aka “creative force” god. His central religious center was Memphis, where he was supreme god, and the central character of the Memphis creation myth (2800BC).[2]


Secret name

The secret name of Ptah, Greek: Φθά (NE:510), is the Phi (Φ) (NE:510), or phi (φ) lowercase, code for his magic fire drill, said to have brought humans to "life". Hence, modern φ-based (phi-based) words, include: fire (Greek: φωτιά), flame (Greek: φλόγα), philosopher (Greek: φιλόσοφος)[3], and philosophy, as shown below:


The god character equivalents of Hephaestus are:

  • Greek rescript: Hephaestus (Greek: Ἥφαιστος) (NE:1289)
  • Indian rescript: Jiapheta
  • Roman rescript: Vulcan
  • Hebrew rescript: Japheth (Hebrew: פֶת) (Yép̄eṯ) (GE:480)

Son of Khnum

Ptah, according to some interpretations, is said to have been the son of Khnum.[4]

Fire drill

Ptah was said to have had some type of divine "solar drill" (fire drill), aka "drill of Ptah" which he used to make or ignite the sun each day, such as shown below:[5]

Fire drill (Ptah).jpg

Hence, either thought of as the inventor of the fire drill, or the divine fire drill of the sun, Ptah was supposedly depicted commonly as "one-legged", like the shape of he peg or "drill" part of the fire drill; the following is one take on this:

Ptah is depicted as the one-legged fire drill.”
— James Hewitt (1910), History and Chronology of Myth-Making Age (pg. 151) [6]

Ptah's solar drill was thought to make the sun flame anew each day.

Clay humans | Solar powered

A depiction of Hephaestus, the Greek rescript of Ptah, making "Pandora" out of clay, and bringing her to life with his divine solar fire (Batten, 1913).[7]

Ptah was said to have used his solar drill to animate the soul of clay humans, or something along these lines. At Dendera Temple and Philae, there is said to be an image of Ptah molding clay into a human shape.[8]


In Greek mythology, Ptah was rescripted as the god Hephaestus, and his solar flame making drill, used to animate humans, was rescripted into the story of Prometheus stealing fire from the gods and using it to animate humans.

Golden egg

Other versions of the myth, state that Ptah made a golden egg, from which the sun and or the world was born; such as shown below:

Maspero, however, says this golden egg model is a misinterpretation:

“Phtah [Ptah] had modeled man with his own hands. Khnumu had formed him on a potter’s wheel. At Philae (Rosellini, Monumenti del Culto, pl. xxi. 1) and at Dendera, Phtah is represented as piling upon his potter’s table the plastic clay from which he is about to make a human body (Lanzone, Dizionario di Mitologia, pl. cccviii), and which is somewhat wrongly called the ‘egg of the world’. It is really the lump of earth from which man came forth at his creation.”
Gaston Maspero (1894), Dawn of Civilization: Egypt and Chaldea (pg. 156) [8]

Maspero, in short, says the golden egg was not the sun, but the lump of earth from which man came forth at his creation. The cosmic egg association of Ptah, in other words, many have been a latter reinterpretation.


In 900 to 200BC, during the Judaic recension, Ptah became associated with the word “Lord” and also with “El” and also the character of Japheth.

In 760BC, the syncretism “Ptah-Atum” became popular.


The following are quotes:

Ptah was celebrated as the discoverer of fire, and from him spring the sun.”
Manetho (260BC), Publication [5]
Khnum [Khnumn], a fourth important divinity of the South, is styled Lord of Nubia ; and is called by Maspero the Niiegod of the cataracts. Khnum was called ‘builder of men’, ‘maker of the gods’, the ‘father from the beginning’, ‘creator of things which are, or shall be’, etc. He supported the heaven upon its four pillars in the beginning ; the earth, air, sea and sky are his handiwork. Our idea is that Khnum is the divinity of the South Pole, and contemporary with Ptah. The axis on which the universe turned had two pivots, and the southern god contributed to the work of creation as much as the northern god. We are told that Khnum laboured with Ptah in carrying out the work of creation ordered by Thoth; and again that Ptah was assisted in his work by the seven Khnumu or Architects. We remember the seven sons of Ptah. Ptah, besides being the fire-god, turning a drill and creating the flame of the sun, was conceived of as a ‘divine potter’, having power over the clay, and shaping things on his wheel. Ptah had modeled men with his own hands, and Khnum had formed them on a potter's table. At Philae[9] and at Dendera, Ptah is represented as piling upon his potter's table the plastic clay from which he is about to make a human body. According to Bunsen, he is even stated to have formed on his wheel the divine limbs of Osiris. Khnum is sometimes represented as molding the ‘egg of the universe’ out of the matter furnished by Ptah.”
— George Clair (1898), Creation Records Discovered in Egypt (418-19) [5]
“The earliest Egyptian type of a creator is the molder or potter. The god Khnum, for example, is depicted as the potter in the act of forming man from the matter of earth. Ptah, sometimes called the ‘son of Khnum’, is likewise the divine potter. He is portrayed at Philae in the act of heaping plastic clay upon the potter's table from which he is about to form the image of man, which he had sketched in the likeness of ‘child Horus’. Previously, the goddesses and gods were shaped in the likenesses of zootypes. Khnum himself was ram-headed; Kheper [Khepri], the former, was beetle-headed. Up to the time of Ptah, or Bes, the negroid pygmy, the human likeness was not given to any god; and his son Atum-Horus is the earliest divinity in perfect human form. Now, as Egyptian Atum is the original of the Hebrew Adam, it follows that we are witnessing the creation of Adam from the earth in a mythical representation, when Ptah, the potter, shapes the archetypal man as his son Atum from a lump of plastic clay.”
Gerald Massey (1907), Ancient Light of the World, Volume Two (pg. 437) [4]
“The god Enki and the goddess Ninhursag made human beings from clay, and in Egypt the gods Knumn and Ptah threw the forms of men and women on the potter's wheel.”
— Anne Baring (1993), The Myth of the Goddess: Evolution of an Image (pg. #) [10]

End matter

See also

  • Be


  1. Thims, Libb. (2016). Smart Atheism: For Kids (pdf). Publisher.
  2. Memphis creation myth – Hmolpedia 20202.
  3. Note: Thims deciphered the Ptah = fire drill = Phi (Φ) etymology, first per the "510" secret name cypher; then was led to the "philosophy" Ptah etymology, when he went to hyper link "Phi", presuming he might had already written an article on this, similar to several other Greek alphabet letters, but the wiki VisualEditor software returned the suggestion "philosopher", this being the only phi-root based article Thims (18 Apr 2021) had started so far, hence the newly decoded etymology.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Massey, Gerald. (1907). Ancient Egypt: The Light of the World: a Work of Reclamation and Restitution in Twelve Books, Volume Two. T. Fisher Unwin.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Clair, George. (1898). Creation Records Discovered in Egypt: Studies in the Book of the Dead (§4: Khnumn, the South Pole, pgs. 418-19). Nutt.
  6. Hewitt, James. (1910). History and Chronology of Myth-Making Age (pg. 151). Publisher.
  7. John D. Batten – Wikipedia.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Maspero, Gaston. (1894). Dawn of Civilization: Egypt and Chaldea (editor: Archibald Sayce; translator: M.L. McClure) (pg. 156). Appleton.
  9. Philae – Wikipedia.
  10. Baring, Anne; Cashford, Jules. (1993). The Myth of the Goddess: Evolution of an Image (pg. #). Penguin.

External links

  • Ptah – Hmolpedia 2020.
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