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In existographies, Plutarch (1909-1835 BE) (c.46-120 ACM) (IQ:180|#157) (Cattell 1000:134) (RGM:421|1,350+) (PR:404|65AE / philosopher:37) (SH:13) (FA:31) (GPhE:19) (CR:119) (LH:15) (TL:134|#77) was a Greek-born Roman historian and philosopher, noted for []


E | Sun vowel

In 110ACM, Plutarch, in his "The E at Delphi", informs us that the letter "E" is the second vowel of the seven Greek vowels, symbolic of the sun being the second planet of the seven wandering stars of Greek cosmology.[1]


Quotes | On

The following are quotes on Plutarch:

“The word ‘Horus" in Irenaeus's discourse on the Marcosians, in which he relates that they ‘say that this is an image of Horus, encircling their thirty-named mother’, is often translated as ‘limit’, after the Greek word Horos or Ορος. The term for the god Horus used by Plutarch (38, 366A) and other Greek writers was in fact Ωρος — Horos. While pronounced the same, the two words are spelled differently in Greek, the term for ‘limit’ or ‘boundary’ starting with the Greek letter omicron (‘Ο’), while the Egyptian god's name begins with an omega (‘Ω’). Nevertheless, the word for ‘hour’ or ‘limited time’ is ωρα — hora — beginning with an omega, which would indicate that all three terms are cognates, especially since Horus himself has been identified with time, having been said to be the originator of 12 hours or ωρες / hares in the Greek, a word claimed by Horapollo to come from Horus’ name. Plutarch (38, 366A) also noted the correspondence between Hora and Horus, remarking: ‘The all-conserving and fostering Hora, that is the seasonable tempering of the surrounding air, is Horus.’ Plutarch's word ‘Hora’ is the same as that above, referring to a time period as well as a season or climate. Furthermore, the past tense of the ancient Greek verb ‘to limit’ — οριζω — is ωρισα, with an omega, the same as in the name Horus.”
Dorothy Murdock (2008), Christ in Egypt (pg. 224) [2]

Quotes | By

The following are quotes by Plutarch:

Eudoxus says that, while many tombs of Osiris are spoken of in Egypt, his body lies in Busiris ; for this was the place of his birth ; moreover, Taphosiris requires no comment, for the name itself means ‘the tomb of Osiris’. I pass over the cutting of wood, a the rending of linen, and the libations that are offered, for the reason that many of their secret rites are involved therein. In regard not only to these gods, but in regard to the other gods, save only those whose existence had no beginning and shall have no end, the priests say that their bodies, after they have done with their labours, have been placed in the keeping of the priests and are cherished there, but that their souls shine as the stars in the firmament, and the soul of Isis is called by the Greeks the Dog-star, but by the Egyptians Sothis, and the soul of Horus is called Orion, and the soul of Typhon the Bear. Also they say that all the other Egyptians pay the agreed assessment for the entombment of the animals held in honour? but that the inhabitants of the Theban territory only do not contribute because they believe in no mortal god, but only in the god whom they call Kneph, whose existence had no beginning and shall have no end.”
— Plutarch (100AD), On Isis and Osiris [1]
“Nor, again, do the Egyptians believe that the sun rises a new-born babe from the lotus, but they portray the rising of the sun in this manner to indicate allegorically the enkindling of the sun from the waters.”
— Plutarch (c.100AD), On Isis and Osiris (pg. 29)
“When Osiris came again Typhon [Set] plotted with seventy-two comrades, and with Aso, the queen of Ethiopia, to slay him; and secretly got the measure of the body of Osiris, and made ready a fair chest, which was brought into his banqueting hall when Osiris was present together with other guests. By a ruse, Osiris was induced to lie down in the chest, which was immediately closed by Typhon and his fellow conspirators, who conveyed it to the Titanic mouth of the Nile. These things happened on the seventeenth day of the month of Hathor, when Osiris was in the twenty-eighth year either of his reign or of his age.”
— Plutarch (100AD), On Isis and Osiris (pg. #) [3]
“Is coldness rather a negation of warmth, as they say darkness is of light and rest of motion?”
— Plutarch (c.118AD), “On the Principle of Cold”, letter to Favorinus[4]

End matter


  1. 1.0 1.1 Plutarch. (c.100AD). Isis and Osiris; in: Plutarch's Moralia, Volume Five (pdf) (pg. 25-27; Osiris tomb, pg. 53-54; §:The E at Delphi, pgs. 193-253) (Introduction: Victor Hanson). Harvard University Press.
  2. Murdock, Dorothy. (2008). Christ in Egypt: the Horus-Jesus Connection (pg. 224). Publisher.
  3. (a) Plutarch (100AD). On Isis and Osiris (pg. #). Publisher.
    (b) Budge, Wallis. (1895). Papyrus of Ani (pg. xlviii) (txt). Publisher.
  4. Thims, Libb. (2010). “Evil Does Not Exist!?” (YT), Human Chemistry 101, Nov 1.

External links

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