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The panbioism model holds that ever thing in the universe, from subatomic particles to the universe as a whole, is alive, in some sense.

In terms, panbioism (TR:5) (LH:7) (TL:12), from the Greek pan-, meaning: “all”, + bio-, meaning: “life”, + -ism, meaning: "doctrine or idea" is the view that every thing in the universe is alive; sometimes referred to as the “everything is alive theory”.


Panbioism is categorized, among the six main "life theory" alternatives, as follows:

  1. Creationism (god created life on day three)
  2. Bioism (certain things are alive; origin not discussed)
  3. Emergent bioism (life emerged at a certain point)
  4. Gradual bioism (life gradually emerged)
  5. Panbioism (all things are alive)
  6. Abioism (no things are alive)


Alternative terms include: "panbiotism" (Carus, 1892)[1] or "hylozoism" (Cudworth, 1678).[2]

End matter

See also


  1. Anon (editor). (1893). “Panpsychism and Panbiotism” (Jst), The Monist, 3(2):234-54.
  2. Hylozoism – Wikipedia 2020.

External links

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