In Egyptian mythology, Osiris (TR:529) (LH:46) (TL:575|#53), hieroglyph: , aka "Asar", "Wesir", "Ausar" (Gadalla, 2001), or “Wen-Nofer”, is a vegetation god or moon god, depending, and the supreme god presiding as the judge, over the weighing of the "soul" of person, on the scale of Maat, in the Judgment Hall in the afterlife.
The logic of the god Osiris is based on a combination of the Egyptian crop season and the raising of the Orion constellation. Contrary to the modern 4-seasons divide of the year, the Egypt was arranged, in in yearly activity and commerce, around the 150-day Nile flood, which accounted for 41 percent of the year. This left the planting and harvesting season to be divided amid the remaining 59 percent of the year. Three main food-centric seasons on total.
The crop season, itself, is based on the annual 150-day Nile flood, which starts on Jun 24th, or when Sirius first appears, after a disappearance for 70-days (this is the number of days of the Egyptian mummification process):
When the flood begins to recede, in Oct to Dec, it leaves black fertile soil, called "keme", behind, in which the Egyptians begin to plant the seeds for the harvest season. The practice of chopping up the soil and throwing seeds around, shown below right, is encapsulated in the myth of Set chopping up Osiris and sprinkling his 14 body pieces around the Nile:
The third part of the Egyptian crop season, shown below, is where Osiris has regrown, and the crops are harvested:
This third step, of harvesting crops, conceptualized as the regrown body of Osiris, later used to make bread, is found in the modern practice of "Eucharist", wherein bread wafers are put into mouths of people (and children), and told that this is the "body of Christ", which results in greatly confused nonsense, when the specifics of this are thought about as a child, e.g. Philip Moriarty putting the Eucharist wafers under a microscope, as a child, to see if he could see the "body of Christ" in microscopic detail.
On 10 Dec to Jan 8, the Khoiak festival, the apex of the crop season, was celebrated, wherein Osiris "corn mummies" were made and grown, at the end of which, on day 30 (Jan 6), the djed pillar (aka Christmas tree), symbolic of the backbone of Osiris, mythically conceptualized as tamarisk tree (evergreen tree), was raised, signifying the reborn Osiris, out of the tip of which the sun, in the form of the phoenix would rise into the sky.
The following shows the basic so-called Orion-themed cosmology behind Osiris, aka "Osiris cosmology", namely in the myth of the "last supper", Set invites Osiris to dinner, but then traps him in a chest, and later chops up his body into 14-pieces, throwing the pieces along the Nile; aside from the famous "phallus of Osiris", which is thrown into the Nile, and eaten by a fish.
72 years | conspirators
Because of axial tilt, stars are observed to move 1° in 72 years, in respect to the precession of the equinoxes. In this direction, the following facts are known about the number "72":
- Number of degrees in a circle (360) divided by the number of days (5) or epagomenal days gained by Thoth in game of draughts with moon god
- Years of precession completion (25,920) divided by degrees of a circle (360)
- Number of conspirators , along with Set, who closed the lid on the chest of Osiris
- Number of the names of god (Ѻ) according to Athanasius Kircher
Hence, according to the famous myth of the so-called "last supper", wherein Set invites Osiris to come to a big dinner, during which time he tricks Osiris into getting into a "chest" designed to perfectly fit his body, after which exactly "72" conspirators pounce on the chest, close the lid, and then throw the chest into the Nile, after which it lands on a bank, near Biblos, and grows into the evergreen tree (tamerisk tree), which is thought to be symbolic of the Djed pillar, in some way. The following shows two alternative illustrations of this myth:
Above right we see the Osiris mummy turning into the djed pillar.
Biblos | π
In the Osiris myth, discussed above, the Osiris chest landed and grew into the tamerisk tree, at a place called "Byblos", a port city location famously said to the place where the paper of the "Bible" (aka Book of the Dead, monotheized) was produced. The name Bible in Greek βιβλος (NE:314), pronounced "vivlíos" (see: live), has the isopsephy value of "314" symbolic of π (3.141596 ...), which in Egyptian fractional notation is:
The numbers "3" and "14" are connected to the number "42", the nome count of Egypt, as follows:
All three numbers (3, 14, and 42) are employed in Osiris mythology, as summarized below.
Moon | 14 Waxing/Waning days | 14 pieces
This chopping up of Osiris, into 14-pieces, occurs at the start of the Egypt crop season, after the flood recedes, generally in October. The chopping is symbolic of chopping up the "light" of the moon or moon god, which Osiris had some association with, each waxing and waning period is 14-days. The harvest season began on a dawn when the waning crescent moon was no longer visible (meaning Osiris had been fully chopped up). The harvesting season, or planting of the seeds, in the new "keme", or fertile soil left by the receding flood, would then last for 3-months (each lunar month being 28-days). The planting of seeds, is symbolic of Set throwing the pieces of Osiris (a plant god, for the most part) around the Nile:
Here, to summarize, the green part of of the Nile is the spine of Osiris. The water part is the Nun. Egypt, as country, was divided into 42 nomes (and 42 nome gods), a number encoded into (a) Pi (3.14), (b) the 3-season 14-day waning/waxing lunar cycle, and (c) degrees related to Orion constellation and Set constellations in the sky. On this basis, knowing that 42 and 14 are both Osiris numbers, we have:
which is is thematic to the number pi (3.14).
Orion | Phallus
The phallus of Osiris, i.e. missing piece #14 (of chopped up body of Osiris), was famously said to have been cut off by Set, because Osiris supposedly slept with Set's wife Nephthys (which he got confused for Isis, because they were twins), and thrown into the Nile. Isis later found all the pieces, except the phallus, and made Osiris into a mummy, and used either her cut off thumb (or made a golden phallus) which she affixed to the mummy body of Osiris, shown below as the obelisk:
Isis, latter, after the 70-mummification process (which is the number of days the star Sirius disappears from the sky), with the help of the black magic and time-stopping powers of Thoth, resurrected Osiris, during the "black rite" (ritual), at which point she turns into a kite (a type of bird) and becomes impregnated, via a magical sex act, with the seed of Osiris, which becomes the child Horus.
Djed pillar | Osiris spine | Nile river
- See main: Raising of the Djed
Next, we know, according to “Geographical Studies, Lake Mareotis” (Brugsch, 1880), that in about 2800BC, Osiris worship began to dominate Egypt, at which point, previous named "Set nomes" (some pharaohs named themselves after Set) were excluded from the list of Egyptian nomes, so to make the country an "42 numbered nome" (country) scheme, symbolic of Osiris. We also know, firstly, that the djed pillar, the symbol of Osiris, is said to represent the "backbone of Osiris" (Budge, 1905).
Secondly, that the djed pillar is said to the the tamarisk tree (aka Christmas Tree), which Osiris grows into, after he is put into the chest by Set, floats down the Nile, turning into the tree, after it lands on the bank at of the river. Thirdly, we know that the djed pillar is raised on Jan 8th (like we raise the Christmas Tree in Dec-Jan) at the end of their Khoiak festival. Fourth, we know that the "raising of Osiris" and the "raising of the djed pillar" is symbolic of the "raising of Orion" constellation (each pharaoh thinking they would do the same in the stars of the afterlife, i.e. "raise like Orion/Osiris"):
This would lead to the conclusion that the Nile river itself, and its 42 nome territories, was considered by the Egyptians to be the embodiment of Osiris, with the Nile river being the djed pillar.
We also know, according to Egypt: Image of the Heaven, the Planisphere and the Lost Cradle (Zitman, 2006), and some statements of Herodotus, that the number “42” is symbolic, as being the number of degrees 42° in the sky between the constellations of Horus and Set, at a certain time.
Ra born out of djed pillar
In the previous section we saw how the Osiris sacred numbers: 42 and 14, yield 3, and how these yield 3.14 (pi), which the Greeks isopsephy coded into the name Biblos (or Bible) (NE:314) the port location where Osiris grew into the tamerisk tree. This connects Osiris with the delta-theta cosmology. Subsequently, we know that by the time the Papyrus of Ani (c.1250BC) was written, and into the late new kingdom era (1250-1050 BC), that Osiris and Ra were joined into one syncretistic god Osiris-Ra, therein becoming the new "supreme god" of Egypt. We thus arrive at the following logic:
Namely, in the original Egyptian scheme, Ra was paraded up the Nile in his boat, conceptualized as traversing through the 42 nomes or back bone sections of the Osiris djed pillar, presumably like some kind of festival. When the Ra solar barque reached Heliopolis (or Giza), at the tip or fork of the Nile Delta, after Osiris (or Orion) raises from the dead, then on Dec 25th, Ra would emerge from the now vertical djed pillar, and be reborn out of the tip of the pyramid, carried by the bennu (phoenix) bird into the sky. This, is the long and the short reason, why we now put an angel or a star (or an angel with a halo or star on her head) on the top of our Christmas Tree.
The following are quotes:
- “Lo, he has come as Orion; Lo, Osiris has come as Orion; lord of wine at the wag-feast.”
- — Anon (2287BC), Pepi I (Ѻ) Pyramid Texts, Utterance 442 
- Chest of Osiris
- Death and resurrection of Osiris
- Last supper
- Lazarus (the Osiris)
- Raising of the Djed
- Serapis (Osiris-Apis)
- Gadalla, Moustafa. (2001). Egyptian Cosmology: the Animated Universe (pg. 54). Tehuti.
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