Laws of the universe

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In 2004, Roger Penrose, in his The Road to Reality: a Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe, attempts to summarized all the main laws of science, with focus on particle physics standard model, relativity, quantum mechanics, and energy and entropy, the two main laws of the universe.[1]

In laws, laws of the universe (TR:83) (LH:5) (TL:88) refers to []


The following are quotes:

“If for the entire universe we conceive the same magnitude to be determined, consistently and with due regard to all circumstances, which for a single body I have called ‘entropy’, and if at the same time we introduce the other and simpler conception of ‘energy’, we may express in the following manner the fundamental laws of the universe, which correspond to the two fundamental theorems of the mechanical theory of heat: 1. the energy of the universe is constant and 2. the entropy of the universe tends to a maximum.”
Rudolf Clausius (1865), The Mechanical Theory of Heat (pg. 365) [2]

End matter

See also


  1. Penrose, Roger. (2005). The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe. Knopf.
  2. Clausius, Rudolf. (1865). The Mechanical Theory of Heat (translator: Thomas Hirst). Macmillan & Co, 1867.

Further reading

  • Atkins, Peter. (2007). Four Laws: that Drive the Universe. Oxford.

External links

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