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A diagram of the Egyptian black soil of "chem" (or "keme"), the layer of black or soot rich fertile soil, left when the Nile River flood recedes, which marks the start of their crop season.[1]

In terms, keme (CR:5) (LH:11) (TL:16), the Egyptian root "kmt", meaning: black soil, pronounced "chem" in English or "ham" in Hebrew, is the name of the fertile dark soil left on the banks of the Nile, carried down form the Ethiopian mountains each flood season.


In 3100BC, ancient name of the country “Egypt”, aka "house of Ptah", as the Greeks called it (c.800BC), was known by the following hieroglyph:

Kmt (keme).png

a combination of the black crocodile hide symbol with scales: Km (hieroglyph).png , phonetic value: "km"[2], an owl looking face-forward: Owl (hieroglyph).png, phonogram for "m"[3], the loaf of bread symbol: Bread (hieroglyph).png, sound "t"[4], and the sun disc with cross symbol: Sun disc with cross (symbol).png, which renders the word "kmt". The term "kmt" is believed to mean "black land", likely referring to the fertile black soils of the Nile flood plains, distinct from the deshret (dšṛt), or "red land" of the surrounding desert.[5]

A map of Egypt, labeled as "Kemet", the original name of the country, as the defined by hieroglyphics, based on the black soil called "keme", brought down, via the Nile, from the Ethiopian mountains, each flood season.[6]

Hence, Egypt, originally was called "Kemet" and Egyptians were called "Kemetics", or something to this effect. A map of Egypt, labeled as the country called "Kemet", is shown adjacent.

Khemia | Alchemy | Chemistry

In c.500BC the Egyptian kmt, with added vowel "e", became keme and kemə, appeared in early Greek as khem (χημ) (NE:621) or khemia (χημια) (NE:632).[7] The Greek isopsephy cipher for these terms, however, is presently unsolved.

In 400AD, when the Arabs took over Egypt, and began translating all the books from the Library of Alexandria, the word "al-khemia", meaning "the khemia", was introduced as the name for the Egyptian "black art", presumably things related to metal works and smithing, which became, over the next millennia, the English word "alchemy"; which, following the publication of Robert Boyle's 1661 The Skeptical Chemist, became the "chemistry", .


The following are related quotes:

“No animosity is shown toward Egypt in the Jewish Scriptures. On the contrary they are favored (Deut. 23: 3-4-, 7-8). The word chem [keme], the name of the country, is, indeed, attacked in the incident of cHam the son of Noach, but that was evidently on account of the Canaanites, and belongs to the Ezraic policy of exclusiveness.”
— Constantine Grethenbach (1902), Secular View of the Bible[8]

End matter

See also


  1. Thims, Libb. (2016). Smart Atheism: For Kids (pdf) (pg. 94). Publisher.
  2. km (hieroglyph) - Wiktionary.
  3. Owl (hieroglyph) - Wiktionary.
  4. Bread (hieroglyph) - Wiktionary.
  5. (a) Mukhtar, Muhammad. (1990). Ancient Civilizations of Africa (pg. 43). Publisher.
    (b) Rosalie, David. (1997). Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: a Modern Investigation of Pharaoh’s Workforce (pg. 18). Routledge, 2002.
  6. Furman, Tanya; Guertin, Laura. (2010). Earth 105 (§4.4: Mapping the Nile). Penn State, College of Earth and Mineral Sciences.
  7. Anon. (2002). “A Brief History of Alchemy”, University of Bristol, School of Chemistry.
  8. Grethenbach, Constantine. (1902). Secular View of the Bible: From Studies of the Hebrew; with the Evidences as to Jesus (pg. 16). Peter Eckler.
  9. Chemistry (etymology) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  10. CHEM cypher – Hmolpedia 2020.

External links

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