In existographies, Isaac Newton (312-228 BE) (1643-1727 ACM) (IQ:210|#2) (ID:2.44|84) (Cattell 1000:4) (RGM:2|1,350+) (Murray 4000:2|CS / 1|P / 2|M) (Gottlieb 1000:6) (Durant 10:7) (SIG:1) (EPD:F0) (TR:633) (LH:7) (TL:888|#2) was an English physicist, astronomer, chemist, mathematician, and philosopher; noted for
In 1671, Newton, in his ''Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series'', introduced differential equations; his 1686 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, codified the three laws of motion, and proved, via mathematical means, that planets travel in ellipses owing to an “inward force of attraction between planets and the sun must decrease in inverse proportion to the square of the distance between them”, which Hooke and or Halley boasted, to Wren (c.1684), to have “solved”, albeit without proof; his 1704 Optics, argued for a corpuscular theory of light; in his 1718 Optics edition, his final “Query 31”, his last and final publication, digressed on the nature of chemical reactions occurring by degrees of force, which launched the science of affinity chemistry.
Quotes | On
The following are quotes on Newton:
- “Any self-respecting editor — aiming to undertake a publication of Newton’s collected works — would have to be absorbed in Newton's ‘defunct’ world for many years, and 'probably he would never quite find his way out of it’.”
- — Ralph Sampson (1924), comment John Dreyer’s proposal for the nation of England, backed by the Royal Astronomical Society, to honor bicentenary of Newton’s death, in 1927, with a new edition of his scientific works; making reference to an earlier proposal of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, to attempt a similar effort, with Sampson as editor
Quotes | By
The following are quotes by Newton:
- “Plato is my friend, Aristotle is my friend, but truth is my greater friend.”
- “And this is very agreeable to nature's proceedings, to make a circulation of all things. Thus, this earth resembles a great animal or rather inanimate vegetable, draws in ethereal breath for its daily refreshment and vital ferment and transpires again with gross exhalations. And, according to the conditions of all things living, ought to have its time of beginning, youth, age, and perishing.”
- — Isaac Newton (1700), Of Nature’s Obvious Laws and Processes in Vegetation; cited by Ferris Jabr (2019) in Tweet (Ѻ)
- “Is it not for want of an attractive virtue [ΔG > 0] between the parts of water (∇) and oil, of quick-silver (☿)(Hg) and antimony (♁)(Sb), of lead (♄)(Pb) and iron (♂)(Fe), that these substances do not mix; and by a weak attraction (ΔG ≈ 0), that quick-silver (☿)(Hg) and copper (♀)(Cu) mix difficultly; and from a strong one [ΔG < 0], that quicksilver (☿)(Hg) and tin (♃)(Sn), antimony (♁)(Sb) and iron (♂)(Fe), water (∇) and salts, mix readily?”
- — Isaac Newton (1718), “Query 31”, in: Optics (pg. 383)
- Isaac Newton – Hmolpedia 2020.