Human chemical bond

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A screenshot of an annotated and English-translated film clip of the 1996 French-Italian rendition of Goethe's 1809 "chapter four" of his Elective Affinities, wherein we see the first attempts at the logic of "human chemical bonds", albeit in the Cullen bracket style (1757), of an A-B union brought into proximity of a C-D union, at which point reaction ensues.[1]

In hmolscience, human chemical bond (TR:219) (LH:7) (TL:226), symbols: A≡B, A=B, A-B, AB, A--B, A---B, etc., refers to a bond, physicochemical in basis, that unites two or more people into a union, complex, or attached association.

Overview

In 1757, William Cullen, during his chemistry lectures at Glasgow University, building on Etienne Geoffroy's "affinity table"[2], itself but a visual tabulation of the logic defined in Newton's "Query 31" (1718), began to employ crochets (brackets): " { " to signify a bond or chemical bond, operating between chemical species, and darts: "→" to signify the direction of the force (or chemical affinity) guiding three or more species to their preferred direction. Hence, to exemplify, the following is Cullen's reaction notation for silver nitrate plus copper:[3]

Silver nitrate + copper.jpg

where ☾ is silver, 🜕> is neter, and ♀ is copper. This reaction, in modern notation, is shown below:

In 1775, Torbern Bergman, building on Cullen and all the other affinity table[4] makes, in his Dissertation on Elective Attractions, produced the largest affinity table, to date; which, in 1785, was translated into German.

Goethe

In 1809, Goethe, building on Bergman, in his physico-chemical based novella Elective Affinities, outlined a story wherein four main characters, Charlotte A (as CO3.png), Edward B (as Ca.png), Captain C (as H2SO4.png), Ottilie D Goethe.png (a new chemical), Edward and Charlotte AB Goethe.png married, or bonded AB bond Goethe.png (as Gypsum.jpg or gypsum), react or transform through the following double displacement human chemical reaction:

AB + CD reaction Goethe.png

The following shows, in overview, how Goethe, via a theory he had been lecturing about since 1794, and theorizing about in social terms, e.g. with Schiller in the years 1798 to 1801, went from Cullen to Bergman to human:[5]

Goethe (Cullen to Bergman to human).png

Melville

In 1851, Herman Melville, in his §72: the Monkey Rope, of his Moby Dick, gave a rather cogent visual of how the "monkey rope", tying a sailor to a harpooner, dancing on a spinning whale, is analogous to metaphysical bonds each person has to every other person in a society.

Granovetter

In 1969, Mark Granovetter, in his “The Strength of the Weak Ties”, based on the hydrogen bonding models he had learned in chemistry class, outlined a "weak tie" and "strong tie" mode of human associations, as illustrated as below, wherein strong ties are akin to covalent bonds, and weak ties are akin to hydrogen bonds, according to which, via surveyed data, the latter of which are the method or "connect" wherein people obtain jobs:

Granovetter bond model (1969).png

This diagram, of note, brings to mind Philip Moriarty's 2009 comment:

“If you poll 50 physics professors [Thims’ idea], with the question: ‘what if the ‘force’ that holds couples together in a marriage union?’, they will all laugh in your face!”
— Philip Morarity (2009), comment (from memory by Thims) vented during the Moriarty-Thims debate[6]

In other words, chemists and physicists, will readily admit the existence of hydrogen and covalent bonds, quantified in units of joules, per mol, but when this logic is scaled up to the human level, laughter erupts?

Beg

In 1987, Mirza Beg, in his New Dimensions in Sociology: a Physico-Chemical Approach to Human Behavior, referred to bonded associations of individual people: A, B, C, etc., which he refers to as chemical species or molecules, and referring to bonded formations, such as AB, BC, AC, AA, etc., as “dimers”, such as the formation of "close friends denoted by AB formed according to reaction", using the following reaction notation:[7]

Here, the species AB means species A and species B chemically bonded together; albeit Beg, to note, does not directly say this explicitly.

Hirata

In 2000, Christopher Hirata, in his “The Physics of Relationships”, used the symbols of X = girl, Y = boy, and XY = paired relationship, calling the single boys and girls, i.e. men and women on his college campus, as “basic elements”, defining the pair bonding reaction as follows:[8]

Hirata, of note, in respect to "queer chemistry" and other poly-amorphous relationships, that he is neglecting “rare and non-traditional” products or compounds (human molecules) that may form such as “the gay molecule Y2, the lesbian molecule X2, and the middle-Eastern polygamous molecule X4Y.”

Hwang

An image (with caption) from Matthew Bell's “In Retrospect: Elective Affinities”, wherein Goethe's changes in chemical attractions are defined as changes in "chemical bondings".[9]

In 2001, David Hwang, in his "Thermodynamics of Love", described the process of two people "falling in love", in respect to Gibbs energy and reaction coordinates, referring to a male M and female F, as "elements", and the bonded couple M-F as a "compound", using the following reaction notation:[10]

albeit with the MF complex specifically shown with a "bond" dash (-), as "M-F", according to which it is implicitly assumed that some sort of chemical bond is holding M and F together in a relationship, couple, or marriage.

Mimkes

In 2002, Jurgen Mimkes, in his "Chemistry of the Social Bond", was suggesting that social bonds were chemical bonds and a function of internal energy and or free energy; and in the 2002 CFI SocioPhysics Conference was lecturing on this; the abstract of which is as follows:

“The state of large stochastic systems of N objects may be calculated by the Lagrange principle L(N) = T log P(N) + E(N) → maximum ! P is the probability, that is to be maximized under a system condition E, and T is the Lagrange ordering parameter. L is the Lagrange function of the system, that may be far away or close to stability. At equilibrium the Lagrange function is at maximum. In natural sciences E is given by the chemical bonds and the (negative) Lagrange function corresponds to the free energy, from which all thermodynamic states may be calculated. In social systems the Lagrange principle corresponds to the common benefit. The function E represents the social bonds of the system.”

Thims

In 2003, Libb Thims, previously ignorant about the importance of the Gibbs energy stored in the "bond" of the parental structure male + female union, symbol MF or MxFy, of the basic human reproduction reaction:

began to realize that the M≡F was a vacuum of a scientific subject, previously untouched, in respect to the parallel of the energy stored in the three so-called "high energy" phosphate bonds of ATP, and therein began to work out at least two models of the human chemical bond, the human molecular orbital model and the exchange force model, based on standard physical chemistry.[11] In other words, before one can even begin to speculate about the "free energies" of this or that, one has to have, in their mind, a working model of the bond energies involved in the coming into existence of of themselves.

In 2005, Thims, in his draft article "On the Nature of the Human Chemical Bond", began to attempt to pen out, in a one-page online format, a basic model of chemical bonding between humans, in the manner of Linus Pauling's On the Nature of the Chemical Bond (1939). This effort eventually froze up, per realization that the subject, vast to say the least, would in no way fit on one webpage.

In 2007, Thims, in his Human Chemistry, presented the first standard model of the human chemical bond.

End matter

References

  1. Goethe. (1809). Elective Affinities (§4) (YT), Human Chemistry 101, Apr 6.
  2. Geoffroy’s affinity table – Hmolpedia 2020.
  3. History of chemical equations – Hmolpedia 2020.
  4. Affinity table – Hmolpedia 2020.
  5. Goethe timeline – Hmolpedia 2020.
  6. Moriarty-Thims debate – Hmolpedia 2020.
  7. Beg, Mirza Arshad Ali. (1987). New Dimensions in Sociology: a Physico-Chemical Approach to Human Behavior (abs) (intro) (pdf, annotations by Libb Thims, 2014). Karachi: The Hamdard Foundation.
  8. (a) Hirata, Christopher M. (c.2000). “The Physics of Relationships” (§: fun) (abs) (WB) (Yumpu) , Tapir.Caltech.edu; (WayBack Machine).
    (b) Hirata, Christopher M. (2010). "The Physics of Relationships" (pdf), Journal of Human Thermodynamics, 6(5): 62-76.
  9. Matthew Bell – Hmolpedia 2020.
  10. Hwang, David. (2001). “The Thermodynamics of Love” (WB) (pdf), Journal of Hybrid Vigor, Issue 1, Emory University.
  11. See: Progress report (2003-2005).

External links

Theta Delta ics T2.jpg