In 1864, Victor Hugo, in his William Shakespeare, devoted a chapter to "Men of Genius", which opens to a discussion of how "art is the second branch of nature", and discusses genius in general, after which he steps the 14 greatest "authors and poets":
- Job [Bible]
- Isaiah [Bible]
- Ezekiel [Bible]
- John [Bible]
- Paul [Bible]
- Dante Alighieri
- Francois Rabelais
- William Shakespeare
The following are quotes:
- “These supreme geniuses do not form a closed set. The author of all things adds a name whenever the needs of progress demand it.”
- — Victor Hugo (c.1850), Publication
- Hugo, Victor. (1864). William Shakespeare (translator: Melville Anderson) (Book Two: Men of Genius, 36-82). McClurg, 1886.
- Blattberg, Charles. (2009). Patriotic Elaborations: Essays in Practical Philosophy (pg. 63). MQUP.
- Queneau, Raymond. (1970). Letters, Numbers, Forms,: Essays, 1928-70 (Batons, chiffres et lettres and Le Voyage en Grece) (pg. 135). University of Illinois, 2007.