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A map of Upper Egypt, showing Hermopolis, located in nome 15, across the Nile from Amarna.

In Egypt, Hermopolis (LH:3), hieroglyph: Hermopolis H.png, meaning Khemenu (Hmnw), or "8 town", aka Ogdoad town, is nome 15 of Upper Egypt, renamed in Greek as "city of Hermes", from Hermes (Egyptian: Thoth), supreme god of the Ogdoad, + -polis meaning “city”, was an ancient state capital of Egypt, located in nome 15, of Upper Egypt, across the Nile from Amarna, known for the Hermopolis creation myth, according to which the Ogdoad was oldest god family, at the head of which was Thoth, which created Atum-Ra and the Ennead.[1]


In 2900, Thoth became a supreme god, of sorts, in respect to his triad paut unification with Ra, his father, and Maat, his wife.

State religion

In 2400BC, priests of Hermopolis, called “Khemennu”, came to power in Egypt, according to which their god paut, called the Ogdoad, put Thoth, the supreme god, at the lead role, who came to play a large role in the rescript of the Egyptian creation myth.[2] This is generally called the “Hermopolis recension”. The gist of which being the model that the Ogdoad was the oldest god family or paut, and they gave birth to Atum-Ra, and hence the Ennead.

Temple of Thoth

The following shows what's left of the Temple of Thoth, in Hermopolis[3]:

Temple of Thoth.png

Amount to a falling pillars, and two large baboon statues; the baboon conceptualized as the animal connected to Thoth.

Egyptian cities

The following are key cities of ancient Egypt; those shown bolded were, at one time, dated indicated, powerful religious state capitals, during which "recensions", i.e. modifications, synretisms, and redactions, etc., to the state religion accrued:


End matter

See also


  1. Hermopolis creation myth – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (pg. 292). Dover, 1969.
  3. El-Ashmunein – Egyptian Monuments.

External links

Theta Delta ics T2.jpg