Heliopolis creation myth

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The basics of the Heliopolis creation myth (2500BC), developed in the city of Heliopolis, the dominate creation myth of Egypt, which shows the steps of creation, the philosophy behind the building of the pyramids.

In creation myths, Heliopolis creation myth (TR:138) (LH:15) (TL:152) refers to []


In 2600BC, in Heliopolis, Egypt, two creation myth variations co-developed, the first of which was centered around the god Atum (or in latter syncretism versions Atum-Ra), wherein either Atum, after arising out of the Nun, at the start of creation, ejaculated the gods Shu and Tefnut (Utterance 527).

The second version posited that Atum, in the form of the Atum-Khepri (Utterance 600), the morn sun god, conceptualized as a flying scarab beetle, bursting forth from a mound and carrying the sun into the sky, which transformed into the bennu (or phoenix) at the point of the noon sun, or something to this effect, thereafter generating the gods: Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, therein making the Ennead, or nine god family, who therefrom make or generate Horus and Anubis, which becomes the supreme god family of the Egyptian empire.


The following are related quotes:

“Oh Atum-Khepri, when thou didst mount as a hill [pyramid]; and didst shine as bnw [Bennu] of the ben (or benben) in the temple of the ‘phoenix’ [bennu] in Heliopolis; and didst spew out as Shu [A], and did spit out as Tefnut; (then) thou didst put thine arms about them, as the arm(s) of a ka, that thy ka might be in them. Atum, so put thine arms about Unas; about this temple, about this pyramid, as the arm (s) of a ka; that the ka of Unas may be in it, enduring for ever and ever. Oh great Ennead who are in Heliopolis: Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys.”
— Unas Scribe (2315BC), Unas Pyramid Text (§:600), Saqqara, the necropolis of Memphis [1]

End matter


  1. (a) Alford, Alan. (2004). The Midnight Sun: the Death and Rebirth of God in Ancient Egypt (pg. 338). Publisher
    (b) Pyramid Texts: 588-600 – Sacred-Texts.com.

External links

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