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A depiction of the goddess Hathor, in the form of a cow (or a form of the goddess Nut, depending), through which Ra, on his solar boat, rides, from the "destruction of humankind" myth.[1]

In Egyptian mythology, Hathor (TR:11) (LH:3) (TL:14), hieroglyph: Hathor H.png, i.e. Horus in a box or house, from hat- “House, domain, or temple” + -Hor “Horus”, meaning "House of Horus"[2], was the goddess of the Milky Way.


Milky Way

The reason why Hathor was a "cow", a source of milk, was that the Egyptians believed that the Milky Way was Hathor:

Hathor (Milky Way).png

and that, in the original pre-dynastic formulation (3200BC), the god Horus, as sun god, traveled though "Hathor" (aka the Milky Way) at night; later, in the post Heliopolis recension (2600BC), the god Ra, as sun god, who became the great great grandfather of Horus, road through Hathor.

Human creation

Hathor, at some point, became the goddess who brought humans to "life", by putting the animating power, aka "breath of life", of the "ankh" into their mouth; the human bodies, themselves being made or "formed" from clay, by the god Khnum (or Ptah), via direction or order of the god Thoth , as shown below:

Hathor (brining humans to life).png

The god Thoth, in Greek mythology, became Prometheus.


The following shows the goddess Nut, such as found on the walls of Dendera Temple (37AD), giving birth to the sun (Ra), out of her vagina, the rays of which falling on the goddess Hathor in the horizon.[3]

Nut giving birth to sun.png


The rescripts of Hathor include: Aphrodite (Greek rescript, 800BC) and Venus (Roman rescript, 200BC).


The following are quotes:

“When Osiris came again Typhon [Set] plotted with seventy two comrades, and with Aso, the queen of Ethiopia, to slay him; and secretly got the measure of the body of Osiris, and made ready a fair chest, which was brought into his banqueting hall when Osiris was present together with other guests. By a ruse, Osiris was induced to lie down in the chest, which was immediately closed by Typhon and his fellow conspirators, who conveyed it to the Titanic mouth of the Nile. These things happened on the seventeenth day of the month of Hathor, when Osiris was in the twenty-eighth year either of his reign or of his age.”
Plutarch (100AD), On Isis and Osiris (pg. #) [4]
“The fruit of Hathor's tree in its human form was Osiris, whose corpse was scattered like the seeds [see: crucifixion] after he had been persuaded to enter a chest – the cave or tomb of earth ... Perhaps it is not too fanciful to see a survival of this conception in the Fairy Queen above the lighted Christmas tree.”
— Gertrude Levy (1963), Religious Conceptions of the Stone Age: and Their Influence on European Thought (pg. 121) [5]
“As I began to read other myths that explained the creation of life, stories that attributed the event to Nut or Hathor in Egypt; Nammu or Ninhursag in Sumer; Mami, Tiamat or Aruru in other parts of Mesopotamia; and Mawu in Africa , I began to…”
— Merlin Stone (1976), The Paradise Papers (pg. #) [6]

End matter


  1. Destruction of Mankind – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. Hathor – Ancient.eu.
  3. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (§:Nut, pgs. 100-; image, pgs. 94-96; Nut giving birth image, pg. 101). Dover, 1969.
  4. (a) Plutarch (100AD). On Isis and Osiris (pg. #). Publisher.
    (b) Budge, Wallis. (1895). Papyrus of Ani (pg. xlviii) (txt). Publisher.
  5. Levy, Gertrude. (1963). Religious Conceptions of the Stone Age: and Their Influence on European Thought (pg. 121). Publisher.
  6. Stone, Merlin. (1976). The Paradise Papers: the Suppression of Women’s Rites (Hathor, 17+ pgs; quote, pg. #). Virago.

External links

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