Greek alphabet

From Hmolpedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The 24-letters of the modern Greek alphabet.[1]

In alphabets, Greek alphabet refers to the 27-letter alphabet developed by the Greeks in 1000BC, largely derived from or based on Egyptian cosmology.


The following is the original 27-letter Greek alphabet, three letters of which, namely digamma, koppa (replaced by kappa), and sammi, shown highlighted, have atrophied or morphed, yielding an active 24-letter Greek alphabet; the table shows the NE-value of the word of the letter, rendered as a god, if available, along with the English sound translation, and the modern Roman or active English alphabet[2] equivalent of the letter.

# Letter 888 Value Name Vowel NE Greek
Sound Roman
Α α Alpha (letter).png 8 1 Alpha ah 532 Atlas Shu a A, a
Β β Beta (letter).png 2 Beta 311 b or v[3] B, b
Γ γ Gamma (letter).png 3 Gamma 85 g G, g
Δ δ Delta (letter).png 4 Delta 345 d D, d
Ε ε Epsilon (letter).png 5 Epsilon eh 865 e E, e
(Ϝ ϝ / Ϛ ϛ) 6 Digamma
(later Stigma)
Ζ ζ Zeta (letter).png 7 Zeta 316 z Z, z
Η η Eta (letter).png 8 Eta "h" / "i" 306 Ogdoad ē H, h
Θ θ Theta (letter).png 9 Theta 318 Helios Ra
Ι ι Iota (letter).png 8 10 Iota ih i I, i
Κ κ Kappa (letter).png 20 Kappa k K, k
Λ λ Lambda (letter).png 30 Lambda 78 l L, l
Μ μ Mu (letter).png 40 Mu m M, m
Ν ν Nu (letter).png 50 Nu 400 Nun n N, n
Ξ ξ Xi (letter).png 60 Xi 70 x X, x
Ο ο Omicron (letter).png 70 Omicron o 360 o O. o
Π π Pi (letter).png 80 Pi p P, p
(Ϙ ϙ) 90 Koppa q Q, q
Ρ ρ Rho (letter).png 8 100 Rho r R, r
Σ σ ς Sigma (letter).png 200 Sigma 254 s S, s
Τ τ Tao (letter).png 300 Tau t T, t
Υ υ Upsilon (letter).png 400 Upsilon u y U, u
Φ φ Phi (letter).png 500 Phi 510 Hephaestus Ptah ph F, f
Χ χ Chi (letter).png 600 Chi ch C, c
Ψ ψ Psi (letter).png 700 Psi ps Y, y
Ω ω Omega (letter).png 800 Omega "o" 849 ō W, w
(Ϡ ϡ) 900 Sampi ts


The sum of the 24-letter version equals 888 as follows:

In other words, the 27-letter version was reduced to a 24-letter version, having 8 single digit numbers, 8 ten digit numbers, and 8 hundred digit numbers, so to have symbolic connection to the magic number "888", from the solar magic square and from music theory.


The seven Greek vowels[4] are shown (the five main English equivalent vowels: A, E, I, O, U, are shown bolded); Plutarch (c.110) said that the seven vowels were ordered in alignment with the seven wandering stars, and the "E" was the sun vowel.

Ennead | Theta

The basic numerical structure of the heliopolis creation myth, from which we see the letter theta embodied in the nine gods of the Ennead.

In 2500BC, in Heliopolis, cosmo-theologians, in the philosophy behind the building of the pyramids, devised the "Heliopolis creation myth", according to which all things originated from the Nun, the watery abyss of beginning, from which the Ennead, or family of 9 gods, was engendered, as shown adjacent. The 9th letter, theta, of the Greek alphabet is themed on the Ennead, and the symbol of the 9th letter "Θ" is the Egyptian sun symbol.

Ogdoad | 8 → 888 → 24 letters?

In 2300BC, in Hermopolis, the former Heliopolis model was revised to the affect that the one watery god "Nun" became an 8 water god family called the Ogdoad, as show below:

Ogdoad 2.png

The number "8", in turn, became the new basis of the numerical cosmological scheme in Egypt.


In 1500 to 800BC, Greeks began to travel to Egypt, and from their studies there, constructed an alphabet that contains eight monads [1s], eight decads [10s], and eight hecatads [100s]. Here, eight times three equals 24 letters. Likewise, the three "8s" joined together gives the number "888", which, mathematically, is found in the solar magic square, a magic square containing 36 boxes. The sum of the numbers in the box equals "666" symbolic of the "sun". Each of the 36 boxes is said to be representative of a the sun moving through one degree in the zodiac, in a 360-day year (less the five epagomenal days). Hence, one degree, or one magic square box, would be equivalent to 10 days, which is the length of one standard week, in the Egyptian calendar system. The following are two views on this "888" to 24-letter alphabet jump:

“Now Jesus possesses this ineffable generation. From the mother of all things, that is, the first Tetrad [4], there came forth a second Tetrad [4], after the manner of a daughter; and thus an Ogdoad [8] was formed, from which, again, a Decad [10] proceeded: thus was joined a Decad and an Ogdoad. The Decad then, being joined with the Ogdoad, and multiplying it ten times, gave rise to the number eighty [88]; and again, multiplying eighty ten times, produced the number eight hundred [800]. Thus, then, the whole number of letters proceeding from the Ogdoad [multiplied] into the Decad, is eight hundred and eighty-eight [888]. This is the name of Jesus; for this name, if you reckon up the numerical value of the letters, amounts to eight hundred and eighty-eight [Jesus, Ιησους (Iseous) = 888]. Wherefore, also, the alphabet of the Greeks contains eight Monads [1s], eight Decads [10s], and eight Hecatads [100s], which present the number eight hundred and eighty-eight [888], i.e. Jesus, who is formed of all numbers; and on this account he is called Alpha [α] and Omega [ω], indicating his origin from all.”
Irenaeus (c.180), Against Heresies, Volume One (pg. 15) [5]
“To the Christian Gnostics, 888 was sacred because when all twenty-four letters of the Greek alphabet are added together, the sum is 888, symbolizing the totality of creation.”
— Chevalier Emerys (2007), Revelation of the Holy Grail (pg. 204)[6]

The full explication of this, jump, has some holes that need to be filled in, so to see the big picture?

Alpha | Bird?

In 1000BC, Greek scholars, who all studied in Egyptian, developed a 27-letter alphabet, which shows the isopsephy value of each letter, much of which being based on the former Egyptian cosmological scheme, e.g. the "sound" (or call) of the bennu (aka phoenix) was said to be what initiated creation, hence "A" (or alpha), the Greek letter equivalent of the phoenix (bird), and the number "1" coincide.[7]

Alpha and Omega

An "alpha" (α) and "omega" (ω) depiction of the Horus to Harpocrates to Jesus rescript, which is coded, in some way with the formation of the Greek alphabet. The first image showing Horus the child, as the morning sun, born out of a lotus, that rises out of the Nun (Upper Egypt, 2500BC). The middle image shows Harpocrates, the Greek version of Horus, on a Greek gem, shown between an omega and an alpha (Greece, 500BC).[8] The latter image shows Jesus, with a sun halo, shown between an alpha and an omega, in a Roman catacomb.

The combined term "alpha and omega", in respect to "alpha" being the first letter, and "omega" being the last, such as shown behind and in front, respectively, of Harpocrates and Jesus, adjacent, is reported to have some hidden numerical meaning?


The following are related quotes:

“The mark which signifies the monad is the source of all things. And it reveals its kinship with the sun in summation of its name: the word ‘monad’ when added up yields 361, which are the degrees of the zodiacal circle.”
Iamblichus (c.305), Theology of Arithmetic; cited by Kieren Barry (1999) in The Greek Qabalah (pgs. 65-66) [9]

End matter

See also


  1. Symbols (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. Alphabet – Hmolpedia 2020.
  3. (a) What is the Greek letter for V? –
    (b) Greek alphabet –
  4. Greek Language (vowels) – Wikiversity.
  5. (a) Irenaeus. (c.180). Against Heresies, Volume One (pg. 15). Publisher.
    (b) Hippolytus. (c.220). Refutation of All Heresies, Volume One (pg. 45). Publisher.
    (c) MacMahon, J.H. (1921). Philosopheumena. Publisher.
    (d) Barry, Kieren. (1999). The Greek Qabalah: Alphabetic Mysticism and Numerology in the Ancient World (pdf) (Irenaeus quote, pg. 66-67; Harpocrates, pg. 67). Publisher.
  6. Enerys, Chevalier. (2007). Revelation of the Holy Grail (pg. 204). LuLu.
  7. Letter values of the Greek alphabet – Wikipedia.
  8. Fideler, David. (1993). Jesus Christ, Sun of God: Ancient Cosmology and Early Christian Symbolism (magical gem, pg. 272). Quest Books.
  9. (a) Iamblichus. (305). Theology of Arithmetic (translator: R. Waterfield) (pg. 39). Phanes Press, 1988.Iamblichus. (305). Theology of Arithmetic (translator: R. Waterfield) (pg. 39). Phanes Press, 1988.
    (b) Barry, Kieren. (1999). The Greek Qabalah: Alphabetic Mysticism and Numerology in the Ancient World (pdf) (monad, pgs. 65-66). Weiser.

Further reading

  • Burton, David. (2007). The History of Mathematics: an Introduction (§: Greek Alphabetic Numerical System, pgs. 16-). McGraw.

External links

Theta Delta ics T2.jpg