From Hmolpedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The basic animated[1] structure of gold, symbol Au, the 79th element of the periodic table, an atom comprised of 79 protons, 118 neutrons, and 79 electrons.

In chemistry, gold (LH:5), symbol Au, the 79th element of the periodic table, with a mass of 197.0 amu, is an an atom comprised of 79 protons, 118 neutrons, and 79 electrons, with an electron configuration of: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1.

Solar square

The number "666" is the sum of the so-called "solar magic square".

In 1973, Richard Moeller conjectured, via isopsephy arguments, that "666", from the term "aurum" meaning gold, was an early Roman cypher for gold, a golden sun, or the sun:[2]

Tenet 666 2.jpg

In music, 0.666 is the string ratio of the perfect fifth.


The following are quotes:

“In whatever system where the weight attached to the wheel should be the cause of motion of the wheel, without any doubt the center of the gravity of the weight will stop beneath the center of its axle. No instrument devised by human ingenuity, which turns with its wheel, can remedy this effect. Oh, speculators about perpetual motion, how many vain chimeras have you created in the like quest. Go and take you place with the seekers after gold.”
Leonardo Vinci (1494), Publication [3]
“There is a certain secret ‘secret principle’ in nature by which liquors are sociable to some things and unsociable to others. Thus water will not mix with oil but readily with spirit of wine or with salts. [Just as water elects to mix with ethyl alcohol or with salts, so it chooses not to mix with oil, Similarly, water will sink into wood while quicksilver will not, but quicksilver will penetrate and amalgamate with metals, which water will not. Likewise, aqua fortis (nitric acid) will dissolve silver and not gold, while aqua regis (mixed nitric and hydrochloric acid) will dissolve gold and not silver. Nonetheless these rules are not written in stone]. But a liquor which is of itself unsociable to a body may by a mixture of a convenient mediator be made sociable. So molten lead which alone will not mix with copper or with Regulus of Mars, by the addition of tin is made to mix with either.”
Isaac Newton (1679), “Letter to Robert Boyle[4] [bracket part is William Newman (2003) synopsis of letter; compare: Goethe' Elective Affinities] (early views on affinity chemistry)[5]
“I have found neither gold nor silver, but something that unspeakably delights me: the ‘human Os intermaxillary[6].”
Johann Goethe (1784), “Missive to Johann Herder from Jena”, Night, Mar 27[7]
“If my efforts have led to greater success than usual, this is due, I believe, to the fact that during my wanderings in the field of medicine, I have strayed onto paths where the gold was still lying by the wayside. It takes a little luck to be able to distinguish gold from dross, but that is all.”
— Robert Koch (1908), “Address” [8]

End matter

See also

  • Golden anniversary
  • Golden egg
  • Golden Fleece award [9]
  • Golden ratio


  1. Gold –
  2. Moeller, Walter. (1973). The Mithraic Origin and Meaning of the Rotas-Sator Square (pgs. 12-19). Brill, 70-pgs.
  3. Astarita, Gianni. (1989). Thermodynamics: and Advanced Textbook for Chemical Engineers (pg. 19). Springer.
  4. Newman, William R. (2003). Gehennical Fire: the Lives of George Starkey, and American Alchemist in the Scientific Revolution (Elective affinity, pgs. 231-34). University of Chicago Press.
  5. Affinity chemistry – Hmolpedia 2020.
  6. See: Petrus Camper.
  7. Human intermaxillary bone – Hmolpedia 2020.
  8. Koch, Robert. (1908). “Address”, Conference, St. James; in: Journal of Outdoor Life (Ѻ)(Ѻ), 5:164-69.
  9. Proxmire affair – Hmolpedia 2020.

External links

Theta Delta ics T2.jpg