Genius

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In terms, genius (TR:478) (LH:15) (TL:493), from Latin gignere, to "beget", refers to a person "endowed with superior faculties" (Johnson, 1755); an ‘active social force’ or agent of social change, embodying the new and a "change-directing factor" of society (Sims, 1924); a great mind that "reacts on a society" which has made them what they are (Macaulay, 1825).

Overview

A 2020 Google-generated definition of genius.

Etymology

The basic etymology of genius is that it derives from the Latin gignere meaning "beget". In the sense of a "person of natural intelligence or talent" and that of "exalted natural mental ability", supposedly, is first recorded in the 1640s.[1]

genie

The term genius, however, also has etymological relation to the term “genie”, a spirit of Arabian folklore, as traditionally depicted imprisoned within a bottle or oil lamp, and capable of granting wishes when summoned. Genius, in this sense, can render, in crude translation, as the “genie in one”.[2] The term genie, in turn, derives from the older Arabian term “Jinn”, an intelligent spirit of lower rank than the angels, able to appear in human and animal forms and to possess humans.

genesis

All of these, in term, also have etymological relation to the terms: “genesis”, the name early Greek translators gave to the first book of the old testament, based on the first sentence “in the beginning”, derived from the Hebrew term “Bereshit”, meaning the “coming into being of something”.[3][4] The term "in the beginning", however, if this connection is true, originally was written in Egyptian hieroglyphs, wherein etymology become murky.[5] Egyptians, e.g., associated the power or the ability to generate new offspring to the dung beetle, associated with Khepri, the morning sun god, who seemingly magically can be seen burrowing into dung balls, and thereafter, given a few days of heating by the sun, produce their young.

theo-gonia

Moreover, when Greeks constructed words, of importance, such as Hesiod's 700 BCM Theogony, from theo-, meaning "god" (or gods), derived from the Greek letter Theta "Θ", meaning "sun" and also numerically equivalent, in the Greek numbering system, to "9", symbolic of the nine gods of the Heliopolis creation myth [6], + -gonia "a begetting," from gonos "birth" (from PIE root *gene- "give birth, beget") [7], they did so in large part based on earlier Egyptian models. Subsequently, although this has yet to be decoded, we should expect the the "gen-" prefix, the root of "genius", to have a similar ancient pre-Greek symbolically coded meaning?

Quotes

The following are related quotes:

“We often hear, from the early companions of a man of genius, that at school he appeared heavy and unpromising. Rousseau imagined that the childhood of some men is accompanied by this seeming and deceitful dullness, which is the sign of a profound genius; and Roger Ascham has placed among the ‘best natures for learning, the sad-natured and hard-witted child’; that is, the thoughtful, or the melancholic, and the slow.”
— Isaac Disraeli (1867), Literary Character of Men of Genius: the History of Men of Genius Drawn from Their Own Feelings and Confessions (pg. 43); father of: Benjamin Disraeli (IQ:165|#154) (RGM:805|1,350+)
Genius is in things, not in man.”
— Alfred Odin (1895), Genesis of Great Men: Modern French People of Letters [8]
“The climate of optimal energy is, according to Ellsworth Huntington (1915), on having the following qualities: (1) a mean temperature of around 64 degrees, ranging from about 30° or 39° in winter to 60° or 65° in summer, or with a maximum of 70° at midday and about 55° at night ; (2) a relative humidity of about 80 per cent. This is the temperature most desirable for physical activity, whereas that most favorable to ‘mental effort’ is somewhat lower—a mean of perhaps 40° instead of 64°. (3) Moderate changes in temperature from season to season, month to month, and day to day, together with frequent storms. The most salubrious and favorable climatic environment for society is thus one neither too hot nor too cold, too wet nor too dry, too monotonous nor too variable.”
Newell Sims (1924), Society and Surplus (pgs. 24-25) (see also: latitude and genius; 42 degree rule) [9]
Macaulay (1825), with is a custom perspicuity, puts it thus: ‘great minds do indeed react on a society which has made them what they are, but they only pay with the interest what they have received.’ Certainly, many of the world's heroes how functioned only in this passive weight. However, insofar as the genius embodies the new, he is or maybe an active social force. He then generates, creates, and transforms; he is an agent of evolution. If he discovers the western hemisphere or writes the Origin of Species it is an innovator that he acts. He is truly the initiator of fundamental and abiding change in the direction of the new.”
— Newell Sims (1924), Society and Surplus (pg. 344) [10]
“Well leaders flourish at all times, and sporadic geniuses appear, the curious fact is that ‘great geniuses’ tend to occur in groups, and leaders to flourish abundantly at odd intervals of time.”
— Newell Sims (1924), Society and Surplus (pgs. 344-45) [11]

End matter

See also

References

  1. Genius – Etymonline.com.
  2. Benson, R.A. (2018). Quantum Genius: Awaken Your Sleeping Genius (pg. 7). Publisher.
  3. genesis – Etymonline.com
  4. Bereshith – TheFreeDictionary.com.
  5. How the Bible was written? (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  6. Thims, Libb. (2020). Human Chemical Thermodynamics — Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities: Meaning, Morality, Purpose; Sociology, Economics, Ecology; History, Philosophy, Government, Anthropology, Politics, Business, Jurisprudence; Religion, Relationships, Warfare, and Love (§2: Alphabet) (pdf). Publisher.
  7. theogony – EtymOnline.com.
  8. Odin, Alfred. (1895). Genesis of Great Men: Modern French People of Letters (Genese des grands hommes, gens de lettres francais moderness) [1], Volume 1-2. Publisher.
  9. (a) Huntington, Ellsworth. (1915). Civilization and Climate (§7). Publisher.
    (b) Sims, Newell L. (1924). Society and its Surplus: a Study in Social Evolution. Appleton and Co.
  10. (a) Macaulay, Thomas. (1825). “Essay on Dryden”; in: Essays (pgs. 125). Publisher.
    (b) Sims, Newell L. (1924). Society and its Surplus: a Study in Social Evolution. Appleton and Co.
  11. Sims, Newell L. (1924). Society and its Surplus: a Study in Social Evolution. Appleton and Co.

Further reading

  • Nelson, Thomas. (1848). Memorials of Early Genius and Achievements in the Pursuit of Knowledge (GB). Publisher.
  • Emerson, Ralph. (1885). The Hundred Greatest Men: Portraits Reproduced from Fine and Rare Steel Engravings. Sampson.
  • Cooley, Charges H. (1897). “Genius, Fame, and the Comparison of Races” (abs) (pdf), The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 9:1-42.
  • Pond, James. (1900). Eccentricities of Genius: Memories of Famous Men and Women of the Platform and Stage. Chatto.

External links

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