Historically, great scientific advances were made when the funding came from a person's own wealth, e.g. Otto Guericke, Baron Holbach, Robert Boyle, Willard Gibbs, who bought their own equipment, did their own research, and published their own words out of pure intellectual enjoyment and the question to discover the secrets of nature.
The first royally funded effort occurred when Frederick the Great funded enlightenment in Prussia, from 1740 until 1786, free from religious oversight, bring over minds such as Voltaire and Julien Mettrie to his court.
Second, was the Holbach salon in France, which were bi-weekly, during Thur and Sun dinners, in the 1750s to 1770s, at the Paris mansion of Baron Holbach, surrounded by his 3,000-book library, attended by about one to two dozen (or up to 50) people per meeting, all funded by Holbach's personal wealth.
In hmolscience, in historical attempts, in the last two centuries, to get a "two cultures" like department, chair, graduate program, e.g. "Chair of Social Physics" at Oxford (Nightingale, c.1890) or "social physics department" at Princeton (Stewart, c.1950), or even basic college level course established, e.g. "Sociology 23" (Henderson, c.1940) or "Mathematical Economics" (Wilson, c.1935) at Harvard, the so-called "funding problem" has tended to be a key issue.
The call for such a course, graduate program, department, or chair, to note, have been echoing since the 1840s. The issue here, is that many of the issues involved, are not overtly monetary issues, but ones related to the anthropism ideas about the nature of "choice" or decision making, and the moral or religious ramifications of this new view. Also, when attempts have been made in this direction, latent "tensions" quickly arise when either such departments are inquired about, or when such departments begin to take form, often owing to competing interests.
In 2016, Jacob Leachman, looking to get DARPA funding, blogged 12 articles on "social thermodynamics".
The following are related quotes:
- “Hmolpedia a fantastic summary of all the confusion. I am curious to know where your website is coming from. Who owns and funds it? Who is its intended readership?”
- Thims, Libb. (2020). “Historical Attempts to Bridge the Two Cultures: Natural Sciences + Social Sciences” (YT), Thermodynamics 2.0 Conference; Human Chemistry 101, Jun 30.
- Two cultures department – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Two cultures calls – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Bitcoin (2021) – r/RealGeniuses.
- Two cultures inquiries - Hmolpedia 2020.
- Two cultures tensions – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Sadi-Carnot (profile) (WB) (2013) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Proxmire affair – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Funding – Wikipedia.