Free will

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In terms, free will (TR:431) (LH:21) (TL:452|#77) refers to a “will”, or desire or inclined tendency to do some thing, act, activity, process, or reaction, which originates from the “self” of a person, and is not determined by anything else; a will that is free.


The following are quotes:

“This tentative extension of the forced movement or tropism theory of animal conduct may explain why higher animals and human beings seem to possess freedom of will, although all movements are of the nature of forced movements. The tropistic effects of memory images and the modification and inhibition of tropisms by memory images make the number of possible reactions so great that prediction becomes almost impossible and it is this impossibility chiefly which gives rise to the doctrine of free will. The theory of free will originated and is held not among physicists but among verbalists. We have shown that an organism goes where its legs carry it[1] and that the direction of the motion is forced upon the organism. Our conception of the existence of ‘free will’ in human beings rests on the fact that our knowledge is often not sufficiently complete to account for the orienting forces, especially when we carry out a "premeditated" act, or when we carry out an act which gives us pain or may lead to our destruction, and our incomplete knowledge is due to the sheer endless number of possible combinations and mutual inhibitions of the orienting effect of individual memory images.”
Jacques Loeb (1918), Forced Movements, Tropisms, and Animal Conduct (pgs. 171-72) [2]
“I am a determinist. As such, I do not believe in free will. Schopenhauer's words: 'Man can do what he wants, but he cannot will what he wills,' accompany me in all situations throughout my life and reconcile me with the actions of others, even if they are rather painful to me. This awareness of the lack of free will keeps me from taking myself and my fellow men too seriously as acting and deciding individuals, and from losing my temper.”
Albert Einstein (1932), Aggregate quote (1928 George Viereck interview + 1932 James Murphy interview)

End matter

See also


  1. Compare: Frederick Douglass: "prayed with my legs" (c.1870) quote
  2. Loeb, Jacques. (1918). Forced Movements, Tropisms, and Animal Conduct (pgs. 171-72). Publisher.

External links

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