Fred Hoyle

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In existographies, Fred Hoyle (40 BE-46 AE) (1915-2001 ACM) (PR:5,585|65AE / astronomer:37) (CR:21) (LH:9) (TL:30) was an English astronomer and science fiction writer, noted for coining the term “big bang” (BBC Radio, 1949), for his 1957 “living cloud” theory, and for his 1981 “Boeing 747 chance formation model” and “intelligence design” theory of the carbon atom.



The following is Hoyle's creed table, based on stated comments and opinions:

Type Date Description
God / Θ 1981 Believed in a variant of Einstein's god, that was a "non-malicious" god, conceived in the form of a "super-intelligent" that "fixed" the energy levels in the universe and "designed" the "properties" of the carbon atom in a non-random way.[1]
Despised organized religion (Holder, 2012);[2]
Evolution 1981 During the made during McLean v. Arkansas trial; Hoyle's graduate student Chandra Wickramasinghe, testified in defense of creationism, citing Hoyle as being an anti-evolution scientist, per reasoning that "of the statistical improbability of the spontaneous generation of life" as the stand biologists and evolutionist argue.[3]
Origin of life 1957 Believed that a super-intelligence fixed the "remarkable relation of the 7.65 MeV energy level in the nucleus of 12C to the 7.12 MeV level in 16O", so to originate life via a "non-random act" somewhere in the cosmos, e.g. in a living cloud (Hoyle, 1957).[1]
Chance 1981 Did not believe in "chance", randomness, nor blind-forces; believed that things occurred via the design of super-intellect, which he conceptualized as god.[1]


Quotes | On

The following are quotes:

“A commonsense interpretation of the facts suggests that superintellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology, and that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature.”
— Fred Hoyle (1981), “The Universe: Past and Present Reflections” (pg. 12) [1]

End matter


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Hoyle, Fred. (1981). “The Universe: Past and Present Reflections” (pdf), Engineering & Science (pgs. 8-12), Nov.
  2. Holder, Rodney. (2012). “Georges Lemaître and Fred Hoyle: Contrasting Characters in Science and Religion” (abs), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, Volume 395 (pgs. 39-). Springer.
  3. Many scientists find problems with evolution – RationalWiki.

Further reading

  • Hoyle, Fred. (1973). The Molecule Men: and the Monster of Loch Ness (coauthor: Geoffrey Hoyle). Publisher, 2015.
  • Hoyle, Fred. (1993). The Origin of the Universe and the Origin of Religion. Publisher.

External links

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