Exchange force

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A c.2015 photo of tattoo indicating that while we may be made of “chemicals”, e.g. formulas shown, there is some “thing” that is much more than that, which holds people together in relationship, groups, societies, and countries, which in physics and human physics is called the “exchange force”.[1]

In physics, exchange force refers to []


In 1927, Walter Heitler derived the model of first "exchange energy", from electron spin interactions that yield an energy lowering effect when atoms bond, and from this the "exchange force" concept or premise.

The following shows the basic mechanism of the exchange force, wherein either the "exchange" of photons (in the electromagnetic force), gluons (in the nuclear force), or gravitons (in the gravitational force) is what either moves things or holds things together in bonds:[2]

Exchange force.png

End matter


  1. Relationship force – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry (Volume One) (exchange force, pg. 198). Morrisville, NC: LuLu.

External links

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