Ernst Haeckel

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In existographies, Ernst Haeckel (121-36 BE) (1834-1919 ACM) (IQ:180|#216) (D:2.12|A85) (Murray 4000:16|B) (Becker 160:126|3L) (Simmons 100:90) (FA:74) (GPhE:11) (CR:133) (LH:6) (TL:143|#69) was German physician, comparative anatomist, evolutionist, zoologist, philosopher, and "unabashed atheist" (Brix, 1992), noted his "physico-chemical monism"[1] philosophical conception "of the world" (1892), and for his The Riddle of the Universe (1899), wherein he outlines a Goethe+Darwin upgraded take on things.

Sways

Influences

Haeckel was influenced by: Darwin, Goethe, and Johannes Muller.

Influenced

Haeckel influenced: Carl Klunzinger , who in 1902 coined the term “abiology”, in respect to the work of Haeckel.

Overview

In 1866, Haeckel, in his General Morphology, theorized about a creature or entity called “plastiden”, which was composed of some type of memory molecules, he called ‘plastidule”, which he conjectured might be behind the origin of life. In his “On the Procreation of Life-Particles or Perigenesis of Plastidule” (1875), he was discussing how atoms have are “animated” by an inherent amount of force, and was speaking about the concept of “atomic soul” needed to be adopted into general chemistry. Haeckel here, to note, was digging around in the area of panbioism, and everything is sort of alive theory.

Quotes

Quotes | By

The following are quotes by Haeckel:

“The idea of the unity of organic and inorganic nature is now firmly established. All natural bodies which are known to us are equally animated, and the distinction which has been made between animals and inanimate bodies does not exist.”
— Ernst Haeckel (1862), History of Creation (pg. 22) [2]
“In the determinate sense, in which ‘monism’ is at present employed by the majority of philosophers and physical inquirers, the sense which I believe I was the first to establish in my General Morphology, Volume One (pg. 105) (1866), it denotes a unitary or natural conception of the world, in opposition to a supernatural or mystical one, that is, in opposition to dualism. For us, accordingly, there exists, in the ‘sense of Goethe’, no opposition whatsoever between nature and mind.”
— Ernst Haeckel (1892), “Our Monism” (pgs. 481-82) [3]
“All the phenomena of organic life ultimately admit of being reduced to being reduced to ‘mechanical’ (or ‘physico-chemical) processes that differ from the processes of the inorganic world only in point of degree or quantitatively, not qualitatively.”
— Ernst Haeckel (1892), “Our Monism” (pgs. 483-84) [3]
“In its widest sense: panpsychism. All matter is ensouled, because all natural bodies known to us possess determinate chemical properties, that is to say ‘react’ uniformly and by law when subjected to the determinate chemical, i.e. molecular-mechanical, influences of other bodies: chemical affinity. Simplest example: sulfur and quicksilver rubbed together form cinnabar, a new body of entirely different properties. This is possible only on the supposition that the molecules (or atoms) of the two elements if brought within the proper distance, mutually ‘feel each’ other, by attraction move towards each other; on the decomposition of a simple, chemical compound the contrary takes place: repulsion. Think of Empedocles doctrine of the ‘love and hatred of atoms’.”
— Ernst Haeckel (1892), “Our Monism” (pgs. 483) [3]
Anthropism is that powerful and world-wide group of erroneous opinions which opposes the human organism to the whole of the rest of nature, and represents it to be the preordained end of the organic creation, an entity essentially distinct from it, a godlike being.”
— Ernst Haeckel (1899), The Riddle of the Universe (pg. 11) [4]

References

  1. Physico-chemical monism – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. Haeckel, Ernst. (1862). The History of Creation: The Development of the Earth and Its Inhabitants by the Action of Natural Causes: A Popular Exposition of the Doctrine of Evolution in General, and of that of Darwin, Goethe, and Lamarck in Particular, Volume One (pg. 22). Appleton, 1892.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Haeckel, Ernst. (1892). “Our Monism: the Principles of a Consistent, Unitary World-View” (pdf), The Monist, 4(2):481-86, Jul.
  4. Haeckel, Ernst. (1899). The Riddle of the Universe: at the Close of the Nineteenth Century (translator: Joseph McCabe) (anthropism, 6+ pgs; quote, pg. 11). Harper & Brothers, 1905

External links

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