In terms, encyclopedia (LH:3), from enkyklios- meaning “circular” + -paideia (παιδεια) (NE:111), secret name: “[add]”, generally meaning “education, child-rearing", is a round or overall essential summary of general knowledge, or knowledge specific to a certain field or topic, written concisely, in a standalone manner, distilled or simplified enough to be readable at the basic educational level.
The following is a timeline of the main encyclopedic like works, proto-encyclopedias, or encyclopedias:
|Collected Works of Aristotle||46||2||630K||c.350-322BC||Aristotle||Greece|
|Nine Books of Disciplines||116 BC-27 BC||Marcus Varro||Rome|
|Natural History||2,493||37||10||77-79AD||Pliny the Elder||Rome|
|Etymologies and Origins||20||636AD||Isidore of Seville||Spain|
|On the Nature of Things||51||703||Bede||England|
|Vulgar Errors: Inquiries into very many Received Tenets and Commonly Presumed Truths||1646-1672||Thomas Browne||England|
|The Great Art of Science||1669||Athanasius Kircher||Germany|
|Historical and Critical Dictionary||3||1695-1702||Pierre Bayle||France|
|Technical Lexicon: a Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Explaining not only the Terms of Art, but the Arts Themselves||3||1704-1744||John Harris||England|
|Cyclopaedia: A Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences||2||1728||Ephraim Chambers||England|
|Great Complete Encyclopedia of All Sciences and Arts||68||1731-1754||Johann Zedler||German|
|Encyclopedia: Reasoned Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts and Crafts
||71,818||17 or 28||20M||1751-1772||Denis Diderot
Jean Alembert (first 7 volumes)
|Encyclopedia Britannica||44M||1769-present||Colin Macfarguhar
|Chemical Dictionary||1795||William Nicholson||England|
|World Book Encyclopedia||8-22||1917-present||J. H. Hansen
|MacTutor History of Mathematics||2,800||1994-present||John O'Connor
|Eric's Treasure Trove of Sciences; Eric Weisstein’s World of Science (turned: ScienceWorld); CRC Encyclopedia of Mathematics (turned: MathWorld)||1995-2001||Eric Weisstein||America|
The following are related quotes:
- “The lesson of Bayle’s Critical and Historical Dictionary, in respect to cross-references and hiding objectionable material in the footnotes, via ambiguous subterfuge, was a valuable to the editors of Encyclopedia, in their planning of the great enterprise, for which they would have to write or commission and coordinate thousands of articles from hundreds of authors. While Chamber’s Cyclopedia gave the impetus for the project and suggested an alphabetical order from the start, reading Bayle had lent the enterprise its intellectual weight, its method, and its true, subversive potential. Diderot’s Encyclopedia would eventually span 17-volumes of text running to 18,000 page, more than 20 million words, and eleven volumes containing some 1,900 lavish and detailed engravings.”
- List of encyclopedias by date – Wikipedia.
- Comparison of Encyclopedias – Wikipedia.
- (a) Aristotle, Volume One – ReadingLength.com. (b) Aristotle, Volume Two – ReadingLength.com.
- Note: the first alphabetical encyclopedia written in English.
- Note: this was the seed to Diderot's Encyclopedia.
- Note: one of the largest printed encyclopedias ever; the first to include existographies of existive people in a systematic way.
- Diderot, Denis; Alembert, Jean. (1751). Encyclopedia: Reasoned Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts and Crafts (Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers). Publisher, 1772.
- Blom, Philipp. (2010). A Wicked Company: Holbach’s Salon and the Forgotten Radicalism of the European Enlightenment (Amz) (pgs. 45-46). McClelland, 2011.
- Note: conceived as a conservative reaction to the French encyclopedia.
- Note: designed to engage young readers and capture a child’s imagination; accompanied by thousands of illustrations.
- MacTutor History of Mathematics – Wikipedia.
- Note: subsumed in the 2000s into Wolfram Alpha search engine, of Stephen Wolfram.
- Note: Hmolpedia 2016 was published (Mar 16) as a 10-volume set, based on 4,050 online articles, turned 6,496 printed pages, totaling 3,494,877-words; yielding a 0.00247 A/V ratio and a 0.00864 MW/A ratio.
- Curran, Andrew. (2019). “Diderot and the Art of Thinking Freely” (YT), Talks at Google, Sep 5.
- Encyclopedia – Wikipedia.