In models, Egyptian human (TR:12) (LH:3) (TL:15), aka "Egyptian human model", or clayical theology model of the Egyptians, refers to seven or eight main parts that ancient Egyptians believed humans to be comprised of.
- Body (Khat), a clay-shape, made by Khnum, on his divine potters’ wheel
- Life (Ankh), made "alive" when Hathor put her ankh, symbol: ☥, to the mouth of Khnum's clay figurines, giving them the breath of life
- Heart (Jb), the Ba, bird-like soul, resided in the heart
- Soul (Ba)
- Spirit (Ka)
- Shadow (Sheut)
- Secret name (Ren)
- Ghost (Aka)
Other renditions of the "Egyptian human", of note, will list up to nine or more different aspects of the human.
The Egyptians also removed four organs from the body, namely: stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, which were believed to be needed in the afterlife. There was, of note, no jar for the heart, which the Egyptians believed it to be the seat of the soul (or home of the Ba), and thus left inside the body. Also, the brain was considered as but stuffing from the skull, and removed by scraping it out, before entombment.
In 550 to 200BC, Greeks, after studying in Egyptian, developed the "Greek human" model, which varies depending on which thinker is cited; the dominate version, however, being that of Plato, who developed a tripartite model of the soul.
In 200 to 800AD, Romans rescripted the Greek model, to the effect that a person possessed a mind, life, spirit, and a soul, descriptions of which varying per scholar.
In 1750, in France, thinkers, such as Julien Mettrie and Baron Holbach, began to advance the view that humans possessed neither a soul nor a spirit, but rather humans were types of machines, automatons, or movement derived from matter and motion, depending on scholar cited.
- See also: American human
In 2010s, in American, thinkers, such as Alfred Rogers, Jonathan Dowling, and Libb Thims, building on the French enlightenment, began to advance the view humans were types of atomic geometries that possessed neither soul, nor spirit, but also where things that did not possess a property called "life" (see: abioism), as this logic falls apart in a number of areas, e.g. origin of life of definition of life.
- Egyptian human – Hmolpedia 2020.