Early parental death and genius

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In genius studies, early parental death and genius, key: (EPD:#), refers to the salient commonality of finding a strong correlation between the phenomenon of early parent death (EPD), e.g. the father of Newton (EPD:F0) died before Newton was born, and such children later becoming geniuses, innovators, leaders, or revolution or paradigm changers. Seventy-five percent of double Nobel Prize Laureates were the result of early parental death; fifty percent of top four American film stars were results of early parental death like phenomenon. Early parental death, being first born, and various educational anomalies, are three top commonalities unique to a large percentage of historical geniuses (Simonton, 1991).[1]


The following is a work-in-progress listing "early parental death" (EPD) geniuses, where the first # column shows the numbered chronological ordering by date of birth (synthesis), the T2 column shows the person's position in the top 2000 rankings, the IQR shows the person's "real IQ" (if listed in the top 2000 rankings), the RGM column shows the person current "ranker greatest mind" position (by popular vote), the "parents" column lists a number which is the age in years (or D = day; W = week) of the person was when their parent (M = mother; F = father) or parents "died" (the cutoff being about age 16 or less); the table also is color coded for certain common grouping, e.g. law of gravitation discoverer (green), revolutionist (dark gray), existentialism (blue), vacuum experimentalist pioneer (purple), thermodynamic revolutionist (red), which is the repercussion of the vacuum experimenters, and human chemical thermodynamics (HCT) founder or pioneer (yellow):[2]

# T2 ICR RGM Parents Notes
Aristotle 75.png Aristotle
(2339-2277 BE)
(384-322 BCM)
195 (RGM:9|1,350+) ~M8, ~F8

orphaned at tender age

World-view founder
Marcus Aurelius 75.png Marcus Aurelius
(1834-1775 BE)
(121-180 ACM)
180 (RGM:81|1,350+) F3
Al-Tawhadi 75.png Al-Tawhidi
(955-940 BE)
(923-1015 ACM)

orphaned at early age

Copernicus 75.png Nicolaus Copernicus
(482-412 BE)
(1473-1543 ACM)
185 (RGM:20|1,350+) F10 Copernican revolution
Pascal 75.png Blaise Pascal
(332-293 BE)
(1623-1662 ACM)
185 (RGM:30|1,350+) M3 Top vacuum experimentalist
Boyle 75.png Robert Boyle
(328-264 BE)
(1627-1691 ACM)
185 (RGM:529|1,350+) M3 Chemistry icon.png
Chemistry founder
Top vacuum experimentalist
Huygens 75.png Christiaan Huygens
(326-260 BE)
(1629-1695 ACM)
190 (RGM:383|1,350+) M8 Top vacuum experimentalist
Spinoza 75.png Benedict Spinoza
(323-278 BE)
(1632-1677 ACM)
185 (RGM:116|1,350+) M6 Atheism founder
Hooke 75.png Robert Hooke
(320-252 BE)
(1635-1703 ACM)
195 (RGM:372|1,350+) F13 Law of universal gravitation founder
Isaac Newton 75.png Isaac Newton
(312-228 BE)
(1643-1727 ACM)
205 (RGM:2|1,350+) F0 Law of universal gravitation founder
No image 75.png Thomas Aikenhead
(279-258 BE)
(1676-1697 ACM)
150 F10+M10 Atheism
Voltaire 75.png Voltaire
(261-177 BE)
(1694-1778 ACM)
195 (RGM:62|1,350+) M7 Atheism, deism, religious skepticism
Hume 75.png David Hume
(244-179 BE)
(1711-1776 ACM)
180 (RGM:112|1,350+) F2 Religious skepticism


Rousseau 75.png Jean Rousseau
(243-177 BE)
(1712-1778 ACM)
180 (RGM:118|1,350+) M0 (9 days)
D'Alembert 75.png Jean Alembert
(238-172 BE)
(1717-1783 ACM)
185 (RGM:88|1,350+) F12H
Smith 75.png Adam Smith
(232-165 BE)
(1723-1790 ACM)
170 (RGM:77|1,350+) F0
Lavoisier 75.png Antoine Lavoisier
(212-161 BE)
(1743-1794 ACM)
180 (RGM:160|1,350+) M5, S15 Chemistry icon.png

Chemistry founder
Thermodynamic revolution

Condorcet 75.png Marquis Condorcet
(212-161 BE)
(1743-1794 ACM)
180 Father died shortly after his birth (Ѻ)


Jacquard 75.png Joseph Jacquard
(203-121 BE)
(1752-1834 ACM)
160 F10
Benjamin Thompson 75.png Benjamin Thompson
(202-141 BE)
(1753-1814 ACM)
170 F2 Thermodynamic revolution
Maximilien Robespierre 75.png Maximilien Robespierre
(197-161 BE)
(1758-1794 ACM)
170 M6 French revolution
Napoleon Bonaparte 75.png Napoleon Bonaparte
(186-134 BE)
(1769-1821 ACM)
180 (RGM:154|1,350+) F15 French revolutionist
Charles Fourier 75.png Charles Fourier
(183-118 BE)
(1772-1837 ACM)
Berzelius 75.png Jacob Berzelius
(176-107 BE)
(1779-1848 ACM)
180 F4, M9 Chemistry icon.png

Chemistry pioneer

Mary Shelley 75.png Mary Shelley
(158-104 BE)
(1797-1851 ACM)
175 M0 (11days)
Hugh Miller 75.png Hugh Miller
(153-99 BE)
(1802-1856 ACM)
155 F5
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) .png Charles Darwin
(146-73 BE)
(1809-1882 ACM)
180 (RGM:44|1,350+) M8 Darwinian revolution
Heinzen 75.png Karl Heinzen
(146-75 BE)
(1809-1880 ACM)
M4 Atheism
Eliot 75.png George Eliot
(136-75 BE)
(1819-1880 ACM)
M16 (FA:143)
Herman Melville 75.png Herman Melville
(136-64 BE)
(1819-1891 ACM)
(RGM:341|1,350+) F13 Unitarianism (father vs orthodox Calvinism (mother) vs laugh at all
Dostoyevsky 75.png Fyodor Dostoyevsky
(134-74 BE)
(1821-1881 ACM)
180 (RGM:49|1,350+) M15 Existentialism
Tolstoy (age 20) 75.png Leo Tolstoy
(127-45 BE)
(1828-1910 ACM)
180 (RGM:75|1,350+) M2, F9 Existentialism
Thomson 75.png William Thomson
(131-48 BE)
(1824-1907 ACM)
185 (RGM:619|1,350+) M6 Thermodynamic revolution
Maxwell 75.png James Maxwell
(124-76 BE)
(1831-1879 ACM)
205 (RGM:53|1,350+) M8 Electromagnetic revolution
Thermodynamic revolution
No image 75.png Francois Massieu
(123-59 BE)
(1832-1896 ACM)
F0 Thermodynamic revolution
Willard Gibbs 75 2.png Willard Gibbs
(116-52 BE)
(1839-1903 ACM)
205 (RGM:573|1,350+) M16 Chemistry icon.png

Physical chemistry pioneer Thermodynamic revolution

Boltzmann 75.png Ludwig Boltzmann
(111-49 BE)
(1844-1906 ACM)
190 (RGM:483|1,350+) F15 Thermodynamic revolution
Quantum revolution
Friedrich Nietzsche 75.png Friedrich Nietzsche
(111-55 BE)
(1844-1900 ACM)
190 (RGM:39|1,350+) F5 Atheism
HCT pioneer
No image 75.png Joseph Klein
(106-37 BE)
(1849-1918 ACM)
F1.5 Thermodynamic revolution
Johannes Laar 75.png Johannes Laar
(95-16 BE)
(1860-1939 ACM)
M2, F13 Thermodynamic revolution
Walther Nernst
(91-14 BE)
(1864-1941 ACM)
M12 Thermodynamic revolution


Curie 75.png Marie Curie
(88-21 BE)
(1867-1934 ACM)
180 (RGM:17|1,350+) M10 Nobel Prize.pngNobel Prize.pngChemistry icon.png

Physics (1903)
Chemistry (1911)

Haber 75.png Fritz Haber
(87-21 BE)
(1868-1934 ACM)
180 M0 (3weeks) Nobel Prize.pngChemistry icon.png

Chemistry (1919)
Thermodynamic revolution

Lenin 75.png Vladimir Lenin
(85-31 BE)
(1870-1924 ACM)
155 (RGM:1040|1,350+) F15 Russian revolutionist
Russell 75.png Bertrand Russell
(83 BE-15 AE)
(1872-1970 ACM)
180 (RGM:100|1,350+) M2, F4 Nobel Prize.png

Literature (1950)

Alexis Carrel 75.png Alexis Carrel
(892-11 BE)
(1873-1944 ACM)
F5 Nobel Prize.png

Physiology or Medicine (1912)

Arthur Eddington 75.png Arthur Eddington
(73-11 BE)
(1882-1944 ACM)
155 F2
Lovecraft 75.png Howard Lovecraft
(65-18 BE)
(1890-1937 ACM)
150 (RGM:424|1,350+) F8 Atheism
Pauling 75.png Linus Pauling
(54 BE-43 AE)
(1901-1994 ACM)
190 (RGM:420|1,350+) F8 Nobel Prize.pngNobel Prize.pngChemistry icon.png

Chemistry (1954)
Peace (1962)

Sartre 75.png Jean Sartre
(50 BE-25 AE)
(1905-1980 ACM)
165 (RGM:418|1,350+) F2 Nobel Prize.png

Literature (1964)

John Bardeen 75.png John Bardeen
(47 BE-36 AE)
(1908-1991 ACM)
180 M12 Nobel Prize.pngNobel Prize.png

Physics (1956)
Physics (1972)

Camus 75.png Albert Camus
(42 BE-5 AE)
(1913-1960 ACM)
165 (RGM:227|1,350+) F1 Nobel Prize.png

Literature (1957)

Julia Robinson 75.png Julia Robinson
(31 BE-30 AE)
(1919-1985 ACM)
Beg 75.png Mirza Beg
(23- BE)
(1932- ACM)
175+ F11 Chemistry icon.png

HCT pioneer (1987)

Hunter Thompson
(18 BE-68 AE)
(1937-2005 ACM)
145 (RGM:691|1,350+) F14
Thims 75.png Libb Thims
(17- AE)
(1972- ACM)
M12 Chemistry icon.png

HCT founder


A large percentage of geniuses, when they were children, watched one or both of their parents die. The figureheads of top eight scientific revolutions, shown above, were early parental death (EPD) products, the number (#) showing the age of the person when their mother (M) or father (F) died. Likewise, 75% percent of duel Nobel Prize Laureates, namely: Marie Curie, Linus Pauling, and John Bardeen, were EPD children.

A few interesting patterns can be noted from the above analysis. Generally speaking, one who possesses EPD eyes, tends to “see” the world with a much sharper, acute, and reality-attracting vision, than the average person.

Firstly, Newton and Hooke must have had a tremendously powerful anger directed against each other, to say the least.

Napoleon and Lenin, who started the French and Russian revolutions, were both products of an environment wherein their father died when they were age 15.

Pascal, Boyle, and Huygens, each of whom were M3, M3, and M8, and each of whom were three of the biggest “vacuum” experimentalists of the 17th century, which amounts to an attempt to overthrow a 2,000-year ingrained belief that “nature abhors a vacuum”, overthrowing Aristotle, in short. [3]

The experimental work of these three EPD vacuum theorists, gave birth to the “gunpowder engine” (vacuum made becomes work) and then the “steam engine” (vacuum made becomes work), which led to the five EPD thermodynamic revolutionists: Lavoisier, Thompson, Thomson, Maxwell, and Gibbs.

Next, we can note that the three existential atheists: Nietzsche, Sartre, and Camus; certainly the commonalities between Sartre and Camus are striking.

Beg | Thims

Mirza Beg, author of Physico-Chemical Sociology (1987), father died age 11, and Libb Thims, author of Human Chemistry (2007), mother died age 12, meeting for the first time in Pakistan, the two biggest pioneers of human chemical thermodynamics, after Goethe (1809), only to find out, in dialogue, that they are both products of an early parental death (EPD) environment.

Lastly, we note Mirza Beg and Libb Thims, two of the handful of people involved in the so-called "Goethean revolution", physico-chemical revolution. There are not more than a handful of thinkers, Empedocles, Goethe, Beg, and Thims, the latter two, throughout history, since chemical thermodynamics became a science, who have defined people as molecules and attempted to outline a chemical thermodynamic summary of human existence, otherwise known as human chemical thermodynamics (HTC), in respect to the view of people reacting, in the logic of human chemical reaction theory. Beg and Thims are both EPD products who went on to formulate HCT theory, only realizing this when they met in Pakistan in 2019.

Death / Died | Terminology note

Of note, a salient point to keep in mind, given the context of the article, is that, scientifically, the terms “death” and “died” have no conceptual meaning, in terms of physics, chemistry, and thermodynamics; they are what Charles Sherrington (1938) calls “anthropisms”, and are terms that Francis Crick (1966) says should be "abandoned". In other words, just as a hydrogen atom does not live or die, or reach a point of “death”, so it is with humans. This point of view, however, is a rather new view (only four people, in the last three decades, independently, have arrived at this view), which is called “abioism” . The point to keep in mind, is that one is advised to think about and to try to employ “life terminology upgrades”, when speaking about terms, such as death, dying, dead, and died.[4] While these new so-called "death terminology upgrades" have as of yet not been fully solidified, the point to keep in mind is that correctly, one is a powered CHNOPS+20E atomic geometry, wherein one "thinks" or "believes" that they move their "selves", but in reality it is an "exchange force" that moves people.

Scientific revolutions | EPD

The following table shows the main "scientific revolutions", with the core names of each revolution shown bolded:

Scientific Revolutions
Name Person
1. Greek science revolution Aristotle (322BC) | EPD:M8+F8
2. Copernican revolution Aristarchus (270BC)

Nicolaus Copernicus (1543) | EPD:F10
Galileo Galilei (1609)
Robert Hooke (1665) | EPD:F13
Isaac Newton (1687) | EPD:F0

3. Chemical revolution Leucippus (475BC)

Robert Boyle (1661) | EPD:M3
Isaac Newton (1718) | EPD:F0
Antoine Lavoisier (1773) | EPD:M5
Torbern Bergman (1775)
John Dalton (1808)

4. Darwinian revolution Ovid (8AD)

Johann Goethe (1780)
Erasmus Darwin (1791)
Etienne Saint-Hilaire (1833)
Alfred Wallace (1858)
Charles Darwin (1859) | EPD:M8

5. Thermodynamic revolution Galileo Galilei (1592-1642)

Robert Boyle (1657) | EPD:M3
Robert Hooke (1657) | EPD:F13
Antoine Lavoisier (1783) | EPD:M5
Benjamin Thompson (1798) | EPD:F2
Sadi Carnot

→ Carnotian revolution (1824)

William Thomson (1854) | EPD:M6
Rudolf Clausius (1865)
James Maxwell (1871) | EPD:M8
Ludwig Boltzmann (1872) | EPD:F15
Willard Gibbs (1876) | EPD:M16
Hermann Helmholtz (1882)
Max Planck (1893)
Walther Nernst (1905-1916)
Fritz Haber (1905) | EPD:M0
Albert Einstein (1905)
Gilbert Lewis (1923)
Edward Guggenheim (1933)
Erwin Schrodinger (1944)

6. Maxwellian revolution Pierre Gassendi (1649)

Robert Hooke (1660s) | EPD:F13
Isaac Newton (1670s) | EPD:F0
Christiaan Huygens (1678) | EPD:M8
Thomas Young (1801)
Michael Faraday (1830s)
James Maxwell (1865) | EPD:M8
Albert Einstein (1905)

7. Quantum revolution Rudolf Clausius (1857)

Ludwig Boltzmann (1891) | EPD:F15
Max Planck (1900)
Albert Einstein (1905)
Niels Bohr (1913)
Erwin Schrodinger (1926)

8. Goethean revolution Jean Sales (1789)

Johann Goethe (1796)
Mirza Beg (1987) | EPD:F11
Libb Thims (date) | EPD:M12

→ Thimsian revolution (1995)

In sum, we see that the EPD genius want “truth” at all costs, and is “willing” to “die” to get it, per reason that they have already looked “death” in the face, at a young age; a point following which a skin-thickening and brain-growing process began accrued.


50% of the top four film “stars”, namely Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant, were products of “early parental death” (EPD) (or like) phenomena.[5][6]

The following are related quotes:

“Rumford [Benjamin Thompson] has informed us himself that he should probably have remained in the modest condition of his ancestors if the little fortune which they had to leave him had not been lost during his infancy. Thus, like many other men of genius, a misfortune in early life was the cause of his subsequent reputation. His father died young [age 2]. A second husband removed him from the care of his mother, and his grandfather, from whom he had everything to expect, had given all he possessed to a younger son, leaving his grandson almost penniless. Nothing could be more likely than such a destitute condition to induce a premature display of talent.”
Georges Cuvier (c.1815), Publication (pg. 9)
“Parental loss and orphanhood: Exceptionally achieving individuals in virtually every human endeavor are more likely to have lost a parent [in youth], and especially both, relative to any reasonable baseline (Albert 1971; Eiduson 1962; Eisenstadt 1978; Goertzel et al. 1978; Illingworth & lllingworth 1969; Martindale 1972; Walberg et al. 1980). Lenin was a teenager when his father died; Napoleon was around 15 when he lost his father; and Beethoven's mother died when he was 16, his father when he was 18. To show that these are not isolated instances, Eisenstadt (1978) examined 699 eminent personalities (about 14% of whom were scientists) from almost all eras and nationalities: 61% lost a parent before age 31, 52% before 26, and 45% before 21. Albert (1971) looked at the geniuses, both creators and leaders, who qualified for membership in the Cox (1926) sample and discovered that parental loss was characteristic of between 22 and 31%. Another investigation using a slightly overlapping sample of famous persons from all walks of life found that almost one-third of them had lost their fathers early in life (Walberg et al. 1980). This "orphanhood effect" has been most consistently demonstrated for literary creators: Martindale (1972) observed the absence of the father in 30% of a sample of poets. and more dramatically. Brown (1968) noted that 55% of his sample of writers had lost a parent before age 15. This same effect may hold for distinguished scientists as well: Newton's father died before Newton was even born, and though not nearly so dramatic, Boyle, Huygens, Lavoisier, Count Rumford. Lord Kelvin, Maxwell, and Marie Curie all lost a parent early in their lives (Price 1963, p. 109).”
Dean Simonton (1998), Scientific Genius: a Psychology of Science [7]

End matter


  1. Simonton, Dean. (1991). “When Giftedness Becomes Genius: How Does Talent Achieve Eminence?”; in: Handbook of Gifted Education (editors: Nicholas Colangelo and Gary Davis) (pg. 343);. Allyn and Bacon.
  2. Note: if you know of others, not listed here, feel free to post a comment on the discussion page.
  3. Thims, Libb. (2020). 'Human Chemical Thermodynamics — Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities: Meaning, Morality, Purpose; Sociology, Economics, Ecology; History, Philosophy, Government, Anthropology, Politics, Business, Jurisprudence; Religion, Relationships, Warfare, and Love (§:4-15 [vacuum chapters]) (pdf). Publisher.
  4. Life terminology upgrades (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  5. Hepburn, age 13, walking into a room to see her brother hanging from a rope; Grant, age 7, after seeing his younger brother die, from tuberculous meningitis, was later, age 9, told by his father that his mother had “died” (as he later declared) or gone on a “long holiday” (early version), whereas in fact she had been placed in an insane asylum, as Grant came to learn into adulthood.
  6. AIF’s 100 Years, 100 Stars – Wikipedia.
  7. Simonton, Dean. (1998). Scientific Genius: a Psychology of Science (§: Parental loss and orphanhood, pgs. 108-). Cambridge.

External links

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