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In acronyms, EVT (LH:#) is short for “evolution theorist”; shortcut key: (EVT:#)


The following is a work in progress ranking of noted, famous, and or pioneer evolution theorist:[1]

# Person Date Summary
Thales 75.png Thales
(2579-2501 BE)
(c.624-546 BCM)
Anaximander 75.png Anaximander
(2565-2519 BE)
(c.610-564BC BCM)
580BC “Claimed that ever thing living arises in sea ooze and goes through a succession of stages in its development.”
— Alexander Oparin (1936), Origin of Life (pg. 3)

Argued that fish grew from warm mud, and that humans evolved from fish. [14]

Xenophanes 75.png Xenophanes
(2515-2435 BE)
(c.560-480 BCM)
No image 2.png Anaxagoras
(2455-2383 BE)
(500-428 BCM)
Empedocles 75.png Empedocles
(2450-2390 BE)
(495-435 BCM)
Lucretius 75.png Lucretius
(2054-2010 BE)
(99-55 BCM)
60BC Organisms, as outlined in his On the Nature of Things, derived from combinations of atoms.
Bruno 75.png Giordano Bruno
(407-355 BE)
(1548-1600 ACM)
c.1590 Building on a mixture of Lucretius and Copernicus, somewhere in his works he discussed some type of generation of organisms from atoms concept; the following is one take on this:
“Struck with the problem of the generation and maintenance of organisms, and duly pondering it, Bruno came to the conclusion that nature in her productions does not imitate the technic of man. Her process is one of unravelling and unfolding. The infinity of forms under which matter appears were not imposed upon it by an external artificer; by its own intrinsic force and virtue it brings these forms forth. [19/20] Matter is not the mere naked, empty capacity which philosophers have pictured her to be, but the universal mother who brings forth all things as the fruit of her own womb.”
— John Tyndall (1874), “Atheistic Materialism”, BAAS Address (pg. 19)

Thomas Whittaker, in his “Giordano Bruno” (1884), supposedly, also touched on Bruno’s generation of organism theories.[2]

Lucilio Vanini 75.png Lucilio Vanini
(370-336 BE)
(1585-1619 ACM)
Maupertuis 75.png Pierre Maupertuis
(257-197 BE)
(1698-1758 ACM)
1745 His Venus Physics: Dissertation on the Origin of Men and Animals (1745), argued for some type of blind destiny version of materialistic evolution.
Goethe 75.jpg Johann Goethe
1784 Discovered the human intermaxillary bone (1784), thus giving evidence that humans and other species morphed from common ancestor.
Erasmus Darwin
Jean Lamarck
Georges Cuvier
William Lawrence 75.png William Lawrence
(172-88 BE)
(1783-1867 ACM)
1819 His Lectures on Physiology and Zoology, and the Natural History of Man, building on Lamarck and others, defined “biology” as the “science of life”, but conceptualized materialistically and atheistically; book caused a storm of disapproval from conservative and clerical quarters for its supposed atheism, and within the medical profession because he advocated a materialist rather than vitalist approach to human life. He was linked by his critics with such other 'revolutionaries' as Thomas Paine and George Byron. He was forced to recant the book; after which, never again did he "venture to express his views on the processes of evolution, on the past or the future of man".[3] He warned the young Thomas Huxley "not to broach the dangerous topic of the evolution of man". In 1838, Darwin, in his "C" transmutation notebook, referred to a copy of Lawrence's Natural History of Man, and some have speculated that he brooded about the implied consequences of publishing his own ideas. In his Descent of man (1871), Darwin cited Lawrence six times.
Robert Grant
Etienne Hilaire
Richard Owen
Charles Darwin
Robert Chambers
Wallace 75.png Alfred Wallace
(132-42 BE)
(1823-1913 ACM)
Hugo Vries
William Bateson
Henderson 75.png Lawrence Henderson
(77-13 BE)
(1878-1942 ACM)
Ronald Fisher
(65 BE-7 AE)
John Haldane 75.png John Haldane
(63 BE-9 AE)
(1892-1964 ACM)
1929 Theorized about half-living molecules, in respect to the origin of life.
Blum 75.png Harold Blum
(56 BE-25 AE)
(1899-1980 ACM)
1934 Introduced the Gibbs energy based "chemical peneplanation" model of evolution.
Dolloff 75.png Norman Dolloff
(48 BE-29 AE)
(1907-1984 ACM)
1975 His </nowiki>Heat Death and the Phoenix (1975), on Blum (1934), gives the following "organism synthesis equation":
Dolloff organism synthesis equation.png

according to which organisms were synthesized over time, not via the confused entropy "order/disorder" model of things, but according to the "free energy" or formation energy model of everything; all done in the framework of explicit atheism.

William D. Hamilton
Thims 75.png Libb Thims
(17 AE-)

End matter



  1. Evolution theorists – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. (a) Thomas Whittaker (1884). “Giordano Bruno” (Jst) (pdf), Mind, 9:236-64.
    (b) Gatti, Hilary. (2010). Essays on Giordano Bruno (pg. 230). Princeton.
  3. Darlington, Cyril. (1959). Darwin’s Place in History (pg. 21). Blackwell.
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