In Roman mythology, Cupid (TR:16) (LH:1) (TL:17) is the son of Venus (Greek prescript: Aphrodite), goddess of love, and Mars (Greek prescript: Ares), god of war; the god character rescript of the Greek god Eros.
The Greek god Eros (έρως) (NE:1105), in c.300BC, became god character rescripted into the Roman god Cupid. At some point herein, plus or minus a few centuries, the Latin word "amor", and its variants: amore, amoris, amorem, such as employed in Lucretius' On the Nature of Things (60BC), began to be associated with what we now translate, in English, as the word "love". It could be that the Latin word "amor", derives from a-, meaning "not or opposite", + -Mor, the Roman god of death, thereby rendering in translation as as a state opposite to that of death, captured in the statement of people deep in love as feeling "so full of life".
Cupid had gold (Au), presumably symbolic of magical chemical sunlight, arrows which caused attraction, and lead (Pb) arrows, lead being a poison and madness maker in humans, which caused repulsion.
and his siblings: Pavor, Formido, and Himerus.
The following are quotes:
- “For those ashamed of him, Cupid reserves the bitterest passions.”
- (a) Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry, Volume One. LuLu.
(b) Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry, Volume Two. LuLu.
- Magnall’s Abstract of Heathen Mythology (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Grasse, John. (1828). Greek Gradus: Greek, Latin and English Prosodial Lexicon (pg. 351). Publisher.
- Schumm, Laura. (2021). “Who is Cupid”, History.com, Feb 12.
- Roman god family tree – VeritableHokum.com.
- Goethe quotes – GoodReads.com
- Cupid – Hmolpedia 2020.