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The following are quotes:
- “If thought is capable of being classified with electricity, or will with chemical affinity, as a mode of motion, it seems necessary to fall at once under the second law of thermodynamics. Of all possible theories, this is likely to prove the most fatal to professors of history.”
- “Chemical affinity is that force in substance which brings and holds together what under general conditions are considered the indivisible elements of matter or atoms. In most cases such combinations are made at the expense of others previously existing: that is, there is dissolution of some existing combination, and a formation of a new one out of the atoms that had existed in the old. All chemical changes taking place in nature are the result of chemical affinity.”
- — Henry Bray (1910), The Living Universe (pg. 368)
- (a) Adams, Henry. (1910). A Letter to American Teachers of History (pg. 102). Washington.
(b) Adams, Henry. (2019). The Degradation of the Democratic Dogma (pg.195). MacMillan, 1919.
(c) Matthias, Ruth. (2011). “Entropy, Economics, and Policy”, in: Thermodynamics and the Destruction of Resources (§:16, pgs. 402-28; quote, pg. 402). Cambridge.
- Berthollet, Claude. (1804). Researches into the Laws of Chemical Affinity (translator: M. Farrell). Publisher.
- Hudleston, Lawson. (1928). Chemical Affinity. Longmans.
- Chemical affinity – Hmolpedia 2020.