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The Gyorgyi-Ho CHNOPS model (1993), developed by Albert Gyorgyi (1948) and Mae-Won Ho (1993) which argues that "life" is a thing found in between electron orbital levels, and this is what makes CHNOPS-things alive.[1] This model, however, teeters into panbioism, when extended in detail. The abioism CHNOPS model is the modern correct view.

In hmolscience, CHNOPS, or CHNOSP (Ostwald, 1926), is shorthand notation, generally introduced by Frank Thone (1936), for the six base elements, namely: carbon , hydrogen , nitrogen , oxygen , phosphorus , and sulfur , arranged according to Hill order (Hill, 1900), common to mass compositions animate organisms, e.g. bacteria to humans, aka biological things, defunct terminology layspeak.[2]


The following are related quotes:

“I am made from the C-H-N-O-S-P combination from which a Bunsen, Helmholtz, Kirchhoff came.”
Wilhelm Ostwald (1926), Lifelines: an Autobiography[3]; compare Carl Sagan (1980)
“Chnops: Six chemical elements are essential parts of protoplasm, the living substance itself. These are carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulphur. Their initial letters, which happen also to be their chemical symbols, have been arranged into a memory-saver word or mnemonic: CHNOPS — pronounced like the German word for strong liquor, Schnapps. There is a considerable quantity of the first four elements in protoplasm, and only a very little of the other two; but those small amounts are indispensable to life. Take them away, and protoplasm is no longer protoplasm; neither is it any longer alive.”
Frank Thone (1936), “Nature Ramblins: Chnops, Plus” (pg. #)[4]
“Here, as elsewhere, evolution may have proceeded partly by the loss of function and capacity, and the so-called bioelements, C H N O P S Na K Ca Fe etc., with which present-day organisms unenterprisingly carry out 99.99 per cent, of their activities, may have been economically selected from an initially more catholic approach to chemistry.”
— Author (1954), “Article”, New Biology, 16-17

End matter

See also


  1. Ho, Mae-Won. (1993). The Rainbow and the Worm: the Physics of Organism (CHNOPS, pgs. 37-39). World Scientific, 1998.
  2. CHNOPS – Hmolpedia 2020.
  3. (a) Ostwald, Wilhelm. (1926-27). Lifelines: an Autobiography (Lebenslinien. Eine Selbstbiographie) (in two or three volumes). Berlin: Klasing & Co.
    (b) Farber, Eduard. (1961). Great Chemists (§:Wilhelm Ostwald, pgs. 1019-30; quote, pg. 1021). Interscience Publishers.
  4. Thone, Frank. (1936). “Nature Ramblings: ‘Chnops,’ Plus”, Science News Letters (CHNOPS, pg. 110; protoplasm, pg. 110), 30(801), Aug 15.

External links

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