Biochemistry

From Hmolpedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The 2003 chapter on “Biochemistry”, from First Aid for US Medical Licensing Examination[1], which opens to popular quote: “biochemistry is the study of carbon compounds that crawl”, which has been since the 1990s as either “anonymous” (Fuhrmann, 1998)[2] or attributed to an unknown “Mike Adams”.[3]

In terms, biochemistry (TR:5) (LH:8) (TL:13), from Greek bio-, meaning: "282", + Egyptian chemistry, meaning: study of elements of the earth, is a defunct scientific term, presently renamed to "powered chnops-chemistry" (Thims, 2012), defined, in the new light of abioism, as the study of the chemistry related to powered CHNOPS+#E species, the "#E" being the number of "unique elements", found in the species under study, and "CHNOPS" being the "core elements", the species in question being those elemental things were formerly referred to as "plant life", "animal life", and related species.

Overview

Etymology

In 1877, Felix Seyler (1825-1894)[4], German physiologist and chemist, in the first issue of the new issue of Journal of Physiological Chemistry, introduced the term "biochemistry" (German: biochemie) as short as a synonym[5] for what was formerly called "physiological chemistry"; as follows:

“The term ‘biochemistry’ is to be taken as short for ‘physiological chemistry’, and institutes dedicated to this field of study, taken as a new independent discipline with the physiological sciences, needs to be established.”
— Felix Seyler (1877), forward [paraphrase quote] to first issue Journal of Physiological Chemistry[6]

Redefinitions | Term reform

In 1938, Charles Sherrington, in his Man on His Nature Lecture, stated that "chemistry does not know the world life".

In 1974, Henry Swan, defined "biochemistry", indirectly, as the study of "powered CHNOPS systems".[7]

In 2012, Libb Thims, in the early stages of life terminology reform, in the wake of the defunct theory of life debate (2007 to 2013), redefined biochemistry, per PCN standards, as follows:

# Original name Renamed / Redefined Year Person
Physiological chemistry Biochemistry 1877 Felix Seyler
Powered CHNOPS systems chemistry 1974 Henry Swan
Crawling carbon compounds chemistry c.1995 Mike Adams
Animate chemistry 1998 Reza Ghadiri[8]
Powered chnops-chemistry 2012 Libb Thims
Powered chnopschemistry 2012 Libb Thims
Powered chnopsological chemistry 66AE Libb Thims

Crawling carbon compounds

In c.1995, Mike Adams, defined biochemistry as the study of "crawling carbon compounds":

Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon compounds. Biochemistry is the study of carbon compounds that crawl.”
— Mike Adams (c.1995), Publication (see: note 1)[3]

The following are three types of so-called "crawling carbon compounds":

AQ DTA Hu
AQ gif 138H.gif DTA gif 138H.gif Baby crawling gif 138H.gif
Formula: C14H8O2 Formula: C14H10S2 Formula: CHNOPS+20E

Shown at left and middle are: AQ (C14H8O2) and DTA (C14H10S2), two laboratory synthesized walking molecules, aka types of animate things. This sheds light on the etymological confusion in the term "bio-chemistry"?

Bio → Heat principle | Powered

Namely, per reason that "bio" does not exist, rather it is a "heat principle" that makes carbon-based things, or rather CH-based things become "animate", i.e. bend, move, crawl, walk, run, and fly, etc. over extended existence state periods of time.

“When the heart has been plucked out of a living creature, it pulsates with such rapid movement as to resemble a flickering flame. Therefore, every living thing, be it animal or vegetable, lives because of the heat enclosed within it. This forces us to the conclusion that the element heat possesses within it a life-sustaining force which extends throughout the whole universe.”
Cicero (45BC), On the Nature of the Gods (2.24) (character: Stoic Balbus) [9]

Thus, with reference to the views of Cicero, above, when we "heat" AQ or DTA on a copper surface, they begin to "crawl". But to say that these movements are "biological" movements, yields logic that is incongruent to the mind. This Cicero heat principle logic holds when scaled up the "chain of being" or molecular evolution table to the human level, per reason that it extends throughout the whole universe. Accordingly, when we do the up-scaling we keep "heat" but discard "bio" (replacing it with the word "powered").

Hence, a human, symbol Hu, formula: CHNOPS+20E, which often crawls, e.g. as an infant or person searching under a deck, can be considered a "crawling carbon compound". Yet, to classify all three, AQ, DTA, and Hu, as biochemically crawling things, what Einstein refers to as "objectionable nonsense". Hence, we have the following terminological upgrades:

Bio- Organic- Inorganic- Physical- Chemistry
Powered CHNOPS+ based Carbon-based Non-Carbon based Physics Chemicals, compounds, atoms, molecules, ions, etc.

Hence, what was formerly referred to as "bio-chemistry" is now, in the new defunct theory of life / abioism view, referred to: powered CHNOPS+ chemistry or "powered chnopsological chemistry", to be technically correct. This terminology, in turn, can be modified to define specifically what CHNOPS+ species the chemistry is focused on, e.g. plant chemistry would be defined as "CHNOPS+10E" whereas chemistry in humans would be "CHNOPS+20E", the #E being specific to the "plus elements" characteristic to the molecular formula of the species of study.

End matter

See also

Notes

N1. The popular "crawling carbon compounds" quote arose as an "anonymous" quote, first cited by Jeffry Fuhrmann (1998) in Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology (pg. 189)[2]. Some time thereafter an anonymous "Mike Adams" began to be attached to the quote, e.g. such as cited by Vikas Bhushan in First Aid for the US Medical Licensing Examination (pg. 143).[1] The quote was cited by Curt Stager (2014) in Your Atomic Self (pg. 86) as “attributed to Mike Adams”.[10] Arthur Johnson (2018) in Biology for Engineers (pg. 140) cites it as "Mike Adam", with no "s" at end of name.[11] This seems to be a case of a "Murphy Law" type of quote, originated by someone in the 1990s, then affixed with a made up name a decade or so later.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Bhushan, Vikas; Le, Tao. (2003). First Aid for the US Medical Licensing Examination Step 1: A Student-to-Student Guide (pg. 143). McGraw-Hill.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Fuhrmann, Jeffry; Zuberer, David A. (1998). Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology (pg. 189). Prentice Hall.
  3. 3.0 3.1 (a) Mike Adams (quotes) – TodayInSci.com.
    (b) Chemistry – FineDictionary.com.
  4. Felix Hoppe-Seyler – Wikipedia.
  5. Ziesak, Anne-Katrin. (2013). Walter de Gruyter Publishers: 1749-1999 (pg. 169). Gruyter.
  6. (a) Teich, Makulas. (1970). “The Historical Foundations of Modern Biochemistry”, in: The Chemistry of Life (editor: Joseph Needham) (pgs. 171-91, quote, pgs. 190-91). Cambridge.
    (b) Kremer, Richard. (1984). The Thermodynamics of Life and Experimental Physiology, 1770-1880 (pg. 23). Publisher.
  7. Swan, Henry. (1974). Thermoregulation and Bioenergetics: Patterns for Vertebrate Survival (CHNOPS, 9+ pgs; biochemistry, pg. 2). American Elsevier Pub. Co.
  8. Ghadiri, M. Reza. (1998). “Self-Organized Autocatalytic Chemical Networks and Molecular Ecosystems: Do They Provide the Experimental Tools for Modeling the Transition from Inanimate to Animate Chemistry?”, in: Recent Trends in Molecular Recognition (editors: F. Diederich, H. Künzer) (abs) (pgs. 2-3-38, quote, pg. #). Springer.
  9. Cicero. (45BC). The Nature of the Gods (Introduction, translation, and notes: Patrick Walsh). Oxford, 2008.
  10. Stager, Curt. (2014). Your Atomic Self: The Invisible Elements That Connect You to Everything Else in the Universe (pg. 86). MacMillan.
  11. Johnson, Arthur. (2018). Biology for Engineers (pg. 140). CRC.

External links

Theta Delta ics T2.jpg