In terminology, belief (TR:539) (LH:5) (TL:542) is a state or habit of mind in which trust or confidence is placed in a tenet, statement, thing, or person, yielding thereupon a conviction of truth; a statement prefixed by the phrase "I believe", e.g. "I believe in atoms" or "I believe in god".
Belief is from Middle English beliven, from be-, meaning: "on, around, or over", + -liven, meaning "alive", from Old Swedish (1200AD) liv, from Latin (200BC), viva, meaning "living", from Greek Is (ις) (NE:210), meaning "force of Aphrodite",
In 2016, polls of teenagers, in secondary students in England, show that 23 percent believe that humans do NOT have souls.
In 2005, a global millennium poll found the following variations per country, in respect to (a) belief in god, (b) belief in spirit or life force, and (c) disbelief in spirit, god, or life force, which found France to be the most-inclined towards a non-supernatural belief system or view of things:
In 2010, the same poll was conducted, albeit only within European countries, finding that France was still in the lead, with 40% not believing in spirit, god, or life force.
In 2005, in American, according to the results of the global millennium poll (shown above), 2% of people did not believe in spirit, god, or life force.
In 2017, Pew Research polled some 4,700 US adults, finding that 10% of adults do not believe in god, higher power, or spiritual force:
Here, we note that the term "life force" was not used in Pew questionnaire, as it was in the European-based survey, but rather "higher power" and or "spiritual force" were the options, which are thematically similar, as scientific god synonyms, but still distinctively different.
The following are quotes:
- “One’s beliefs or theological holdings can be divided into two classes: those for which a man would go to the stake, and those for which a man would not go to the stake.”
- — Edward A. Parks (c.1870), Source
- “A belief is a lever that, once pulled, moves almost everything else in a person’s life. Are you a scientist? A liberal? A racist? These are merely species of belief in action. Your beliefs define your vision of the world; they dictate your behavior; they determine your emotional responses to other human beings.”
- Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 2000.
- believe – Wiktionary.
- Mansell, Warwick. (2016). “Most Teenagers Believe They Have a Soul” (Ѻ), Press Release, BERA in the News, Sep 14.
- Author. (2005). "Global Millennium Poll" (bar graph re-ordered by yellow: spirit, god, life force, dis-beliefs); original source in Hmolpedia 2020.
- (a) Anon. (2010). “Eurobarometer” (pdf), TNS Opinion, Oct.
(b) Religion in the European Union (Religiosity) – Wikipedia.
- Anon. (2018). “When Americans say they Belief in God, What do they Mean?” (Ѻ), Pew Research Center, Polling and Analysis, Apr 25.
- Harris, Sam. (2004). The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason. W.W. Norton & Co.
- Belief system – Hmolpedia 2020.