In 1831, William Harcourt, following a suggestion by David Brewster, who was disillusioned with the elitist and conservative attitude of the Royal Society (founded: 1660), founded the British Association for the Advancement of Science (BAAS), modeled on the German Society of Natural Scientists and Physicians (founded: 1822), the aim being to promote the development and advancement of science. Founding members include: Charles Babbage, William Whewell, and J. F. W. Johnston.
Each year a new and notable president is elected.
In 1833, Adam Sedgwick (president, 1833), a reverend and geologist, battled William Whewell (president, 1841), a reverend and polymath, over the term “scientist”, coined by Whewell (1834) in summary of the debate, in respect to “atheist”
In 1874, John Tyndall, who gave his famous “Atheistic Materialism” address, which erupted into the four year prolonged “Tyndall vs Stewart and Tait debate”, involving Balfour Stewart, Peter Tait, and James Maxwell.
In 1848, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) was founded, modeled, in some sense, on the BAAS.
The following are related quotes:
- “The point now reached is that the conceptions of physics and chemistry are insufficient to enable us to understand physiological phenomena.”
- Society of German Natural Scientists and Physicians – Wikipedia.
- BAAS Presidents – Wikipedia.
- Whewell-Coleridge debate – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Tyndall vs Stewart and Tait debate – Hmolpedia 2020.
- American Association for the Advancement of Science – Wikipedia.
- Kenealy, Arabella. (1914). “Is Man an Electrical Organism?” (pg. 101), The Nineteenth Century and After, 76:101-30.
- BAAS – Wikipedia.