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In gods, Atum-Khepri (LH:3) refers to the god Atum in the form of Khepri, i.e. the morning sun, or as the joint god Atum + Khepri in syncretistic (combined) form.


The following are related quotes:

“Oh Atum-Khepri, when thou didst mount as a hill; and didst shine as bnw [Bennu] of the ben (or benben) in the temple of the ‘phoenix’ in Heliopolis; and didst spew out as Shu, and did spit out as Tefnut; (then) thou didst put thine arms about them, as the arm(s) of a ka, that thy ka might be in them. Atum, so put thine arms about N.; about this temple, about this pyramid, as the arm (s) of a ka; that the ka of N. may be in it, enduring for ever and ever. Oh great Ennead who are in Heliopolis: Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys.”
— Anon (c.2500BC), Pyramid Text, Utterance 600 [1]

End matter


  1. (a) Alford, Alan. (2004). The Midnight Sun: the Death and Rebirth of God in Ancient Egypt (pg. 338). Publisher
    (b) Pyramid Texts: 588-600 –
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