In 1966, John Tukey developed a FET-model reactions between people, each person defined as a “chemical entity”, wherein states that separate people are called “attitudinal states”, characterized as a tension level, and quantified by “free energy levels”, chemical thermodynamically.
The following are related quotes:
- “My attitude has always been cosmic, and I looked on man as if from another planet. He was merely an interesting species presented for study and classification.”
- “Life exists on earth because protons are shy creatures. When brought face to face, they take a considerable time in deciding whether to like each other. Before their minds are made up they have moved apart and gone their separate ways. A similar thing happens to people in cities; they move about, encountering one another on the streets and in the subway, and sometimes a person meets another for a fleeting moment and feels a strong attraction. But in their movement and hurry they turn aside and go separate ways, perhaps never again to meet. An attitude of reserve between strangers prevents instant intimate friendship. Protons have an equivalent inhibition, and their shyness and inability to make instant friendships is due to what is called the weak interaction.”
- “Patterns of culture do not operate in accordance with the laws of physics. How are you going to prove in terms of the laws of physics that a certain attitude exists within a culture? What is an ‘attitude’ in terms of the laws of molecular interaction?”
- (a) Tukey, John. (1966). “Personal communication to James Coleman”; note #6 of Coleman (1971).
(b) Coleman, James S. (1971), “Theoretical Bases for Parameters of Stochastic Processes” (abs), The Sociological Review, 19(S1):17-28; in: The Sociological Review Monograph: Stochastic Processes in Sociology (free energy, pg. 25; Tukey, 26-27; state, 25-26), Issue 19. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
- (a) Lovecraft, Howard P. (1922). “A Confession of Unfaith”, Liberal, Feb.
(b) Lovecraft, Howard P. (2010). Against Religion: the Atheistic Writings of H.P. Lovecraft (editor: Sunand Joshi; foreword: Christopher Hitchens) (abs) (Amz) (pg. 5). Sporting Gentlemen.
- Harrison, Edward. (1985). Masks of the Universe: Changing Ideas on the Nature of the Cosmos (pg. 134). Cambridge, 2001.
- Pirsig, Robert M. (1991). Lila: An Inquiry into Morals (physics of culture, pg. 53; struggle to survive, pg. 140; chemistry, 11+ pgs). Random House, 2013.
- Attitude – Hmolpedia 2020.