Atoms first seen
On 11 Oct 1955, Erwin Muller saw atoms. The following is a visual of Muller, chemical species Hu, derived or synthesized over 13.7-billion years, since the big bang, from hydrogen H atoms, on 11 Oct 1955 (0 AE), observing one of his own kind, a related atomic species, namely the element tungsten W.
Sign shown at right is the "historical marker" that stands outside of Osmond Laboratory, Penn State University, where this monumental achievement was actuated, the sign located on Pollock Road in front of Osmond Lab, University Park campus:
The following are quotes:
- “This is it! Atoms, yes, atoms!” [English]
- “Das ist es! Atome, ja, Atome!“ [German]
- “In 1979, I had become interested in DNA and wanted to try to develop ways to determine the sequence. I knew about Erwin Muller's technique that allowed him to see single atoms of tungsten. He accomplished this by putting a small and sharp tungsten needle in front of a fluorescent screen in a vacuum. Then he applied a high voltage between the needle and the screen. The hydrogen atoms remaining in the vacuum would ionize on the tungsten needle, follow the field lines and …”
- — Ivar Giaever (2016), I Am the Smartest Man I Know (pgs. 206-07)
- “On 11 Oct 66 AE, at the 66th anniversary of the day humans first saw atoms, I will publish Abioism: No Thing is Alive, on the Defunct Theory of Life, and Life Does Not Exist, the first book with its title page dated with the new secular-scientific Anno Elementum (BE/AE) dating system, wherein I will show how the numbers 111 and 666, of the solar magic square, yield the number ‘282’, the isopsephy value of the Greek word βιος (Bios), and the diameter of the circle with a circumference of 888, which is the isopsephy value of the Greek word Ιησους (Jesus), and hence a myth and magic based number; therein explaining how humans are not alive, because atoms are not alive, per reason that the word ‘alive’ etymologically derives from the ‘vis of Venus’, the Latin rescript of the Greek 282 myth, which itself is of Egyptian religio-mythology origin, namely the rescript of the ankh of Hathor model, which itself is based on an older pre-dynastic astro-theology motif of the sun, conceptually, being reborn after passing through the Milky Way.”
- — Libb Thims (66AE), “mental thought”, arisen during short nap, after 2-mile run, Aug 19
- Bujak, Edward. (2007). “Atoms first seen” (photo), Flickr, Aug 1.
- Field ion microscope – Wikipedia.
- Atoms First Seen (historical marker) (WB) – PSU.edu.
- Jacoby, Mitch. (2005). “Atomic Imaging Turns 50” (Ѻ), Chemical and Engineering News, 83(48):13-16, Nov.
- Giaever, Ivar. (2016). I Am the Smartest Man I Know: a Nobel Laureate’s Difficult Journey (pgs. 206-07). World Scientific.
- Thims, Libb. (66AE). Abioism: No Thing is Alive, on the Defunct Theory of Life, and Non-Existence of Life (pdf). Publisher.