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The wisdom goddess (Maa, Athene, Minerva) shown being born out of the heads of the supreme god (Amen-Ra, Zeus, and Jupiter), i.e. the sun god, and its Egyptian, Greek, and Roman rescripts, respectively.

In Greek mythology, Athene (LH:2), or “Athena” (LH:#), Egyptian prescript: Maa; Greek rescript: Minerva, was the goddess of wisdom, who was born out of the head of Zeus.


Ra | Maat

In 2000BC, the "Maa" principle, i.e. what is "straight, straightness, rectitude, uprightness, right, law, order, regularity, justice", is shown below, below left[1], begin born out of the head of Amen-Ra, out of the water of the Nun; a newer variant, below right[2], as found on the west wall of Hathor Temple (c.500BC), in the Dendera Temple complex, shows the same thing, but with Ra and Maat in more humanized forms:

Maat born out of Ra (two images).png

The "Maa" concept is personified by the goddess Maat.

Zeus | Athene

In 800BC, Amen-Ra, in Greek mythology, became rescripted as Zeus, who had Hephaestus (prescript: Ptah) crack his head open, so to let Athene, the goddess of wisdom, out of his head:[3]

Jupiter | Minerva

In 300BC, in Roman, the Roman redaction or rescript of the former became the the story of Minerva being born out of the head of Jupiter:[4]


The following are quotes:

“From the works of classical writers we know that Isis worship spread from Egypt into several places in Western Europe, and she was identified with Persephone, Tethys, Athene, etc., just as Osiris was identified with Hades or Pluto, Dionysus-Bacchus, and other foreign gods.”
Wallis Budge (1904), The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (pgs. 216-17) [5]
“The idea is borrowed from preceding religions, and is no more original than true. According to Grecian mythology, the god Prometheus created man, in the image of gods, out of clay; and the god Hephaestus was commanded by Zeus to mold of clay the figure of a maiden, into which Athene, the dawn-goddess, ‘breathed the breath of life’.”
— Watson Heston (1890), The Old Testament Comically Illustrated (§: the Adventures of Adam, pg. #)[6]


  1. (a) Budge, Wallis. (1890). “On the Hieratic Papyrus of Nesi-Amsu, a scribe in the Temple of Amen-Rā at Thebes, about B.C. 305” (abs), Archaeologia, 52(2):393-608.
    (b) Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (Nes-Amsu Papyrus discussion, pgs. 293-307; Creation Version A, pgs. 308-13; Creation Version B, pgs. 313-21). Dover, 1969.
  2. Maat born out of Ra (Hathor Temple) – Pinterest.
  3. Maier, Michael. (c.1650). “Hephaestus splitting Zeus’ head”,
  4. Houasse, Rene. (c.1690). “Birth of Minerva”,
  5. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (pgs. 216-17). Dover.
  6. Heston, Watson. (1890). The Old Testament Comically Illustrated (Ѻ). Truth Seeker, 1892.

External links

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