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Two depictions of Apep and Ra. The first showing Apep surrounding the sun disc, while Ra rides in his solar boat. The second showing Ra as a bulb of light, with the snake inside.

In Egyptian mythology, Apep (TR:1) (LH:4) (TL:5) aka Apap or Apophis, was the evil snake, that did battle with sun, or sun god, typically Ra, each night.


The following are quotes:

“The mythological and religious texts of all periods contain many allusions to the fight which Set waged against Horus, and more than one version of the narrative is known. In the first and simplest form the story merely records the natural opposition of Day to Night, or Night to Day, and the two combatant gods were Heru-ur, or Horus the Elder, and Set. In its second form the two combatant gods are Ra and Set, and the chief object of the latter is to prevent Ra from appearing in the East daily. The form which Set assumed on these occasions was that of a monster serpent, and he took with him as helpers a large number of small serpents and noxious creatures of various kinds. The name of the serpent was Apep [Apep H1.png ] or Aaapef [Apep H2.png], which is preserved in Coptic under the form [Apep Coptic 1.png ], but he was also called Rerek [Apep H3.png], and since he was identified with a long series of serpent monsters he had as many names as Ra. In the third form of the story the combatant gods are Osiris and Set, and we have already seen how Set slew his brother and persecuted his widow and child, and how he escaped punishment because Osiris had, at the time of his death, none to avenge his cause. In the fourth form of the story the combatant gods are Horus, the son of Osiris and Isis, and Set, and the avowed intention of Horus is to slay him that slew his father Osiris.”
Wallis Budge (1904), The Gods of Egypt, Volume Two[1]
“The Hebrew Satan was the Egyptian Sut [Set], who became the evil one of the later theology as an anthropomorphic rendering of Apap [Apep] the serpent of evil. Sut was one of the seven sons of the old ‘first mother’, the goddess of the Great Bear in the astronomical mythology [astro-theology]. He was not one of ‘the sons of god’, as there was no god extant when he was born. Sut was brought forth twin with Horus, and first born as the adversary of his brother Osiris. In a truer version of the mythos the conflict was in phenomena that were physical, not moral.”
Gerald Massey (1907), Ancient Egypt: The Light of the World[2]

End matter


  1. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (pgs. 244-45; Typho as #56, pgs. 252-53; four forms, pg. 254). Dover, 1969.
  2. Massey, Gerald. (1907). Ancient Egypt: The Light of the World: a Work of Reclamation and Restitution in Twelve Books, Volume Two (pg. 493). T. Fisher Unwin.

External links

  • Apep – Hmolpedia 2020.
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