Ankh of Hathor

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A basic model of the "ankh of Hathor", the ankh (cross with circle on top) shown at right, and Hathor, in the form of the cow (milky way), top left; as rays of "sun on the horizon (aka Horus rising)", born out of the goddess Nut, bottom left; a human-form of Hathor, seated, bottom middle, putting the "life force" into a clay human, bottom right.

In terms, ankh of Hathor (LH:4) refers to cross-shaped with circle on top symbol, called the "ankh", of the Egyptian goddess Hathor, which was used to bring clay humans to "life" in Egyptian mythology.


The exact nature of the "ankh" and its connection to "Hathor" and the both of these in respect to the mystery of how the "ankh" brought people to "life", namely by putting the ankh to the mouth of clay humans, as shown adjacent, is not fully known.

This has to do with the fact that the name Hathor means "house of Horus", and that imagery of Horus and ankh date back to the pre-dynasty era (c.3500BC), as shown below:

Ankh and Horus.png

The gist model, as presently understood, is in c.3200BC, Hathor was considered to be the Milky Way galaxy, through which the sun, conceptualized as the god Horus, had to pass through to be reborn.

In 2500BC, in Heliopolis, the sun god Horus was merged with the sun god Ra, such that Horus became the great-great grandson of Ra, molded into the Ogdoad god family, after which Ra began to be depicted as moving through Hathor, aka the great cow, or the Milky Way, as shown adjacent (top left).

Later Hathor was merged with the goddess Nut, such that Ra moved through the body of Nut, aka the heavens, and Hathor was born out of the vagina of Nut, and defined as "Hathor on the Horizon" or "Hathor as Horus rising", or something along these lines, depicted as rays of sun light at Dendera Temple, above (bottom left).

In 1350BC, ankh's were being made with Ra, in the form of Khepri (or Ra-Khepri) shown as a dung beetle carrying the sun, inside of the circle of the ankh, as seen adjacent (right). These in turn were defined as the force or power that brought humans, as shapes of clay, into the animate state, aka "alive" as we now refer to this.


In 700BC, in Greece, the ankh of Hathor model became the "is of Aphrodite" model.

In 400 to 200BC, in Rome, the "is of Aphrodite" model, became the "vis of Venus" model.

In 300 to 100BC, in Canaan, all three of these models became the "breath of life" of god model in the Adam and Eve story, the woman "Eve" being a monotheistic rescript of Aphrodite or Venus.

In 200 to 1500AD, the "vis" or "divine force" Latin term, became the etymological root of the modern English words "alive" and "life".


The following are quotes:

“The latter is yet another small detail that refers back to Egyptian precedents that intersperse ritual scenes with the all-seeing eye of Horus or the Ankh of Hathor/Venus (where Syrians often put the Ankh on their seals, the Mycenaeans preferred the Isis knot)”
— Asia Haleem (2015), Lion and Prey, Canea and Calendar (pg. 387)[1]

End matter


  1. Haleem, Asia. (2015). Lion and Prey, Canea and Calendar (pdf) (pg. 387) Publisher.
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