# A

The letter A, the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet, symbolic of the fact that "air" was the 1st thing created by the god Atum, in the Heliopolis creation myth, its shape said to be derived from the hieroglyph of a bird, possibly the bennu bird (aka phoenix), which was made about the same time as air was made.

In letters, A (TR:11) (LH:4) (TL:15), from the Greek letter alpha (NE:532), symbol "α", number value "1", isopsephy equivalent to the god Atlas (NE:532), which is the Greek rescript of the Egyptian god Shu, or "air", which is the 1st thing created by the Atum, the original god, accord in the Heliopolis creation myth, just as A is the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet (27-letters).[1]

## Terms

### Affinity

In physical chemistry, "A" is the symbol for affinity, chemical affinity, elective affinity, or "human chemical affinity", as explained in Goethe's Elective Affinities (1809).

In 1706, Newton, in his "Query 31" introduced the verbal logic of "affinity" preferences in chemical reactions, in respect to a gradient of reaction powers.

In 1882, Hermann Helmholtz, in his "On the Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes", proved that "free energy", aka Gibb's "available energy", is the true measure of the "affinity" of reactions, thereby disproving the older "thermal theory of affinity".

In 1936, Theophile Donder, in his Thermodynamic Theory of Affinity, defined affinity as follows:[2]

${\displaystyle A=-{\frac {\partial G}{\partial \xi }}_{p,T}}$

where A is affinity, ∂ξ is the partial of the Gibbs energy G, ∂ξ is the partial of the reaction extent, p is pressure, and T is temperature, the latter shown in subscript signifying they are being held constant in the differentiation, in respect to the system being an isothermal and isobaric.

In 1940s, affinity began to be defined as follows:

${\displaystyle A=-\Delta G}$

where ΔG is the change, symbol Delta "Δ", in the Gibbs energy G of the system, on going reactants to products, defined as follows:

${\displaystyle \Delta G=G_{F}-G_{I}}$

where GF is the final state Gibbs energy, i.e. the sum of the formation free energies of the products, and GI is the initial state Gibbs energy, i.e. the sum of the formation free energies of the reactants.

### Arbeit | Work

In thermodynamics, "A", in some publications, refers to mechanical "work", from the German “Arbeit”, meaning work, and or to Helmholtz free energy, a thermodynamic formulation of affinity.

In 1917, Walther Nernst was using A for “work”.

In 1924, James Partington (CR:53) was using A for “work”.

## Etymology

A visual of Atum making Shu or "air", the first thing made in the creation process; the letter "A", based on Shu (via Atlas) is the first letter in the alphabet.

### Shu | Achoo

In 2500BC, as carved on the walls of the burial chamber of pharaoh Unas[3], inside of the Pyramid of Unas[4], we find the first act of creation defined, as shown below, wherein the first thing made by the god Atum-Khepri, after he appeared on the hill in the form of the bennu bird (phoenix), was to breath out the god Shu, aka the air god, somewhat in the sense of a sneeze, as found in the word "achoo"[5], the modern word for sneeze:

“Oh Atum-Khepri [god], when thou didst mount as a hill; and didst shine as bnw [Bennu] of the ben (or benben) in the temple of the ‘phoenix’ in Heliopolis; and didst spew out as Shu [A], and did spit out as Tefnut; (then) thou didst put thine arms about them, as the arm(s) of a ka, that thy ka might be in them. Atum, so put thine arms about Unas; about this temple, about this pyramid, as the arm (s) of a ka; that the ka of Unas may be in it, enduring for ever and ever. Oh great Ennead who are in Heliopolis: Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys.”
— Unas Scribe (2315BC), Unas Pyramid Text (§:600) [6]

Hence, in short, god appears, in the form of the phoenix on a mound, and the first thing he does is make the letter "A".

In 1924, Hilda Finnemore, in her A History of the Earth: from Star-Dust to Man, defined the symbolic origin of the letters A and N, as originating from a bird and a water wave, respectively, as follows:[7]

The water wave symbol, as the origin of the letter "N", derives from the Egyptian model of the Nun "water god", or flood waters of Nile, as shown adjacent, as being the primordial origin of all things. The letter "A", shown as originating from a bird, seems to point to the bennu bird, aka phoenix (Herodotus, 435BC), the sound of which, according to one version of Egyptian creation myth, was said to have enacted or started the creation process, after which the sun was born out of a lotus, and the bird carried it into the sky, on its head. Alternatively, the symbol could be reference to the "falcon" image of Horus, which dates back to pre-dynastic times (3200BC), such as found in various "ankh" artworks.

The so-called "Shu/Atlas etymology" of the letter A, according to which, in the Heliopolis creation myth (2500BC), the original god, self-engendered, is Atum, and the first (1st) thing he creates is the god Shu (or air) by breathing him out. In 1000BC, Shu, in Greek mythology, becomes rescripted as the god Atlas, who has an isopsephy (NE) value of "532", a number coded symbolically into the word "alpha", symbol: α or A, the first letter of the Greek alphabet, which also has an isopsephy value of "532".[8]

In Heliopolis, Egypt, cosmology was defined, via the Heliopolis creation myth, such that the first god was Atum, being self-engendered, whose first act of creation was to breath out the gods Shu (or air) and Tefnut (or moisture), as pictured adjacent. The gods Shu and Tefnut, in turn, procreated, via divine sexual union, the gods Geb (earth) and Nut (heaven):[1]

Structurally, i.e. in terms of the structure of the cosmos as the Egyptians perceived things, the role or job of "Shu", the first (#1) thing created, in this cosmo-mythological scheme, was to physically separate Geb (earth) from Nut (heaven), Geb and Nut conceptualized as lovers who needed separation; this is illustrated below, where Geb, Shu, and Nut make up the three layers of the universe, i.e. earth, sky, and heaven; also shown is Ra, carrying the sun or sun disc on his head, riding in his solar boat, with Thoth and Maat, over the body of Nut:

### Four elements

From the Heliopolis creation myth, one can derive the principle of the four elements:

Where, Shu becomes air, Nun becomes water, Ra becomes fire, and Geb becomes earth. The development of the Greek alphabet, loosely, albeit not exactly, followed the steps of creation seen in this myth.

### Atlas | Alpha | NE:532

In 1000BC, Greeks, e.g. Lycurgus (820BC), Orpheus (700BC), Solon (610BC), Thales (600BC), Pythagoras (550BC), Theodorus of Samos (530BC), Empedocles (470BC), Herodotus (460BC), Plato (400BC), Eudoxus (370BC), and Manetho (280BC), that we know for sure, with their culture newly flourishing, all travelled to Egypt to study their science, cosmology, and religion. From this basis, they developed a modified Greek religio-cosmology, wherein Nut became the Greek goddess Rhea, Shu became the Greek god Atlas, and Geb became the Greek god Kronos. The key point to notice here, is that as Shu was the first (1st) thing created, so too did Atlas (NE:532) become, via isopsephy letter cypher, the first (1st) letter, via the world alpha (NE:532), of the Greek alphabet:

Hence, just as Shu or Atlas (NE:532) was the first thing created, so to did alpha or the letter A become the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet, and hence the modern alphabet. No doubt, the person or persons who invented this numerical, cosmo-theogony based, scheme of letters and words, are unknown, but we can be certain that this scheme was in place in the years 1400 to 1000BC, per reason that Hesiod, in his 750BC Theogony, was readily employing fully-coded words in his cosmology, as a matter of standard cypher fact.

This cosmological origin of the alphabet, is corroborated by the fact that theta (NE:318), the 9th letter of the Greek alphabet, is numerically equivalent to the god Helios.

We also note that the "alpha and omega" motif, as popularized in the Bible (NE:318), was associated with the Greek character "Harpocrates" (Harpa-Khruti), aka Horus, the sun god, in the form of the morning sun (see: hour), aka "Horus the Child", in Egyptian prescript. In the Greek scheme, in crude translation, Horus, would have been rendered as the son of Dionysus, and grandson of Cadmus, who Herodotus feigns as the mythical inventor of the Greek alphabet.

### Horus | Harpocrates | Jesus

 A 66AE summary of the origin of the letter A by Libb Thims.

In 500BC, as found on Greek gems, as shown below (middle), we see the letter A at the back of Harpocrates, aka "Horus the child", or Horus as morning sun or sun god born out of a lotus, that rises out of the Nile River each morning:

At front of Horus the child, or Harpocrates, we see the letter W or the omega symbol.

### Dendera Temple

In 37AD, at Dendera Temple, we the sun, as a bulb of light, either as Horus the child or Ra, depending on translation, born out of a lotus, whose stem dips into the waters of the god Nun or Nile River:

Hence, in short, the letter A, presumably, given the above evidence, has something to do with the sun and creation? If, however, we check modern so-called status quo sources, such as Wikipedia[9] and Britannia[10], we find reverberate statements to the affect that the letter A derived from the Egyptian symbol of an "ox head"? This is what is classified as "false etymology". Basically, the "ox head" etymology of A is about as stupid as the "snake etymology" of the letter N.[11] Granted, to note, we employ the term stupid, in context, namely in the context of the 1820s decipherment of the Rosetta stone, after which, in the century to follow, we began to see the Egyptian roots to most things.

### Cadmus | Origin?

The so-called "ox head etymology" of the letter A, based on the 435BC report by Herodotus, that the Greek alphabet was originally a 16-letter Phoenician alphabet, that was introduced into Greece by Cadmus, the grandfather of the god Dionysus, and modified thereafter. This, however, makes little sense? In the first place, by 900BC, we know that all of the learned Greeks were travelling to Egypt, not Phoenicia, to study. Second, why should an ox head be the symbolic origin of the first letter of the written language?

In 435BC, Herodotus, in his Histories, reported that the mythical figure "Cadmus", who he believed existed 1,600-years before him, in the year 2,000BC, being characterized as the “king of Thebes”, and father of Semele, and grandfather of Dionysus (prescript: Osiris), his daughter Semele, with the god Zeus (prescript: Atum-Ra), being the parents of Dionysus, was the mythical person behind the invention of the Greek alphabet, which, according to Herodotus, was but a modified Phoenician alphabet:

“These Phoenicians who came with Cadmus, and from whom the Gephyraeans were, brought to Greece, when they settled in it, various matters of learning and, very notably, the alphabet, which, in my opinion, had not been known to the Greeks before. At first the Phoenicians used the same letters as all the other Phoenicians; but, as time went on, as they changed their language, they also changed the shape of the letters. The Greeks who lived round about the Phoenicians at this time were mostly Ionians. They learned the alphabet from the Phoenicians, and, making a few changes in the form of letters, they used them, they called the letters ‘phoenicians’ [phoinkeia]. This was but just, inasmuch as it was the Phoenicians who had brought the letters to Greece.”
— Herodotus (435BC), The Histories (§5.58)[12]

In modern terms, words such as "phonetics", the study of the speech sounds, are derived words such as "phone", are said to etymologically derive from the name phoenicians or phoinikeia in Greek, meaning: "phoenician things", a purported early word for "letters" (Grene, 1987).[12] This so-called mythical origin of the alphabet, taken as assumed truth, eventually became regurgitated to the affect that the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta, derive from the Phoenician-Hebrew aleph, meaning "ox", and beth, meaning house; for example:

“It is asserted that Cadmus introduced the Phoenician characters into Greece. Subsequently, Palamedes arranged the first Greek alphabet having its forms and powers adapted only to that language. The letters which he employed were α, β, γ, δ, ε, ι, χ, λ, μ, ν, ο, π, ρ, σ, τ, υ, being sixteen in number. Cadmus, the Milesian added ς, φ, χ. Simonides, the Chian, next invented, η and ω. Epicharmus, the Syracusian, formed ζ, ξ, Ψ. Alpha, symbol α, the first letter, is sounded like ‘ah’, is a name said to be derived from the Hebrew aleph, meaning ox.”
— Christophorus Castanis (1851), The Greek Exile (pg. 235)

The correct etymology, however, is the achoo origin of A, as is summarized previous.

## End matter

### References

1. Thims, Libb. (2021). Human Chemical Thermodynamics — Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities: Meaning, Morality, Purpose; Sociology, Economics, Ecology; History, Philosophy, Government, Anthropology, Politics, Business, Jurisprudence; Religion, Relationships, Warfare, and Love (§2: Alphabet) (pdf). Publisher.
2. Donder, Theophile. (1936). Thermodynamic Theory of Affinity: A Book of Principles (pg. 2). Oxford University Press.
3. Unas – Wikipedia.
4. Pyramid of Unas – Wikipedia.
5. Achoo – Merriam-Webster.com.
6. (a) Alford, Alan. (2004). The Midnight Sun: the Death and Rebirth of God in Ancient Egypt (pg. 338). Publisher
(b) Pyramid Texts: 588-600 – Sacred-Texts.com.
7. Finnemore, Hilda. (1924). A History of the Earth: from Star-Dust to Man (pg. 114). Longmans, Green, and Co.
8. Barry, Kieren. (1999). The Greek Qabalah: Alphabetic Mysticism and Numerology in the Ancient World (pdf) (#532, Atlas and alpha, pg. 238). Publisher.
9. A – Wikipedia.
10. Letter A – Britannica.
11. N – Hmolpedia 2020.
12. Herodotus. (435BC). The Histories (translator: David Grene) (§5.58, pgs. 379-80; phoinikeia, pg. 379). Chicago, 1987.